Version: 2021.3
LanguageEnglish
  • C#

Texture2D.ReadPixels

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Declaration

public void ReadPixels(Rect source, int destX, int destY, bool recalculateMipMaps = true);

Parameters

source The region of the render target to read from.
destX The x position in the texture to write the pixels to.
destY The y position in the texture to write the pixels to.
recalculateMipMaps When the value is true, Unity automatically recalculates the mipmap for the texture after it writes the pixel data. Otherwise, Unity doesn't do this automatically.

Description

Reads pixels from the current render target and writes them to a texture.

This method copies a rectangular area of pixel colors from the currently active render target on the GPU, for example the screen or a RenderTexture, and writes them to a texture on the CPU at position (destX, desty). Texture.isReadable must be true, and you must call Apply after ReadPixels to upload the changed pixels to the GPU.

The lower left corner is (0, 0).

ReadPixels is usually slow, because the method waits for the GPU to complete all previous work first. To copy a texture more quickly, use one of the following methods instead:

The render target and the texture must use the same format, and the format must be supported on the device for both rendering and sampling.

You can automatically update the mipmap when you call Apply instead of setting recalculateMipMaps to true.

The following code example demonstrates how to use ReadPixels in the Built-in Render Pipeline. In Scriptable Render Pipelines such as the Universal Render Pipeline (URP), Camera.onPostRender isn't available, but you can use RenderPipelineManager.endCameraRendering in a similar way.

using UnityEngine;

public class ReadPixelsExample : MonoBehaviour { // Set Renderer to a GameObject that has a Renderer component and a material that displays a texture public Renderer screenGrabRenderer;

private Texture2D destinationTexture; private bool isPerformingScreenGrab;

void Start() { // Create a new Texture2D with the width and height of the screen, and cache it for reuse destinationTexture = new Texture2D(Screen.width, Screen.height, TextureFormat.RGB24, false);

// Make screenGrabRenderer display the texture. screenGrabRenderer.material.mainTexture = destinationTexture;

// Add the onPostRender callback Camera.onPostRender += OnPostRenderCallback; }

void Update() { // When the user presses the Space key, perform the screen grab operation if (Input.GetKeyDown(KeyCode.Space)) { isPerformingScreenGrab = true; } }

void OnPostRenderCallback(Camera cam) { if (isPerformingScreenGrab) { // Check whether the Camera that just finished rendering is the one you want to take a screen grab from if (cam == Camera.main) { // Define the parameters for the ReadPixels operation Rect regionToReadFrom = new Rect(0, 0, Screen.width, Screen.height); int xPosToWriteTo = 0; int yPosToWriteTo = 0; bool updateMipMapsAutomatically = false;

// Copy the pixels from the Camera's render target to the texture destinationTexture.ReadPixels(regionToReadFrom, xPosToWriteTo, yPosToWriteTo, updateMipMapsAutomatically);

// Upload texture data to the GPU, so the GPU renders the updated texture // Note: This method is costly, and you should call it only when you need to // If you do not intend to render the updated texture, there is no need to call this method at this point destinationTexture.Apply();

// Reset the isPerformingScreenGrab state isPerformingScreenGrab = false; } } }

// Remove the onPostRender callback void OnDestroy() { Camera.onPostRender -= OnPostRenderCallback; } }