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Graphics.DrawMeshInstancedIndirect

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public static function DrawMeshInstancedIndirect(mesh: Mesh, submeshIndex: int, material: Material, bounds: Bounds, bufferWithArgs: ComputeBuffer, argsOffset: int = 0, properties: MaterialPropertyBlock = null, castShadows: Rendering.ShadowCastingMode = ShadowCastingMode.On, receiveShadows: bool = true, layer: int = 0, camera: Camera = null): void;
public static void DrawMeshInstancedIndirect(Mesh mesh, int submeshIndex, Material material, Bounds bounds, ComputeBuffer bufferWithArgs, int argsOffset = 0, MaterialPropertyBlock properties = null, Rendering.ShadowCastingMode castShadows = ShadowCastingMode.On, bool receiveShadows = true, int layer = 0, Camera camera = null);

Parameters

mesh The Mesh to draw.
submeshIndex Which subset of the mesh to draw. This applies only to meshes that are composed of several materials.
material Material to use.
bounds The bounding volume surrounding the instances you intend to draw.
bufferWithArgs The GPU buffer containing the arguments for how many instances of this mesh to draw.
argsOffset The byte offset into the buffer, where the draw arguments start.
properties Additional material properties to apply. See MaterialPropertyBlock.
castShadows Should the mesh cast shadows?
receiveShadows Should the mesh receive shadows?
layer Layer to use.
camera If null (default), the mesh will be drawn in all cameras. Otherwise it will be drawn in the given camera only.

Description

Draw the same mesh multiple times using GPU instancing.

Similar to Graphics.DrawMeshInstanced, this function draws many instances of the same mesh, but unlike that method, the arguments for how many instances to draw come from bufferWithArgs.

Use this function in situations where you want to draw the same mesh for a particular amount of times using an instanced shader. Meshes are not further culled by the view frustum or baked occluders, nor sorted for transparency or z efficiency.

Buffer with arguments, bufferWithArgs, has to have five integer numbers at given argsOffset offset: index count per instance, instance count, start index location, base vertex location, start instance location.

Here is a script that can be used to draw many instances of the same mesh:

no example available in JavaScript
using UnityEngine;
using System.Collections;

public class ExampleClass : MonoBehaviour {

public int instanceCount = 100000; public Mesh instanceMesh; public Material instanceMaterial;

private int cachedInstanceCount = -1; private ComputeBuffer positionBuffer; private ComputeBuffer argsBuffer; private uint[] args = new uint[5] { 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 };

void Start() {

argsBuffer = new ComputeBuffer(1, args.Length * sizeof(uint), ComputeBufferType.IndirectArguments); UpdateBuffers(); }

void Update() {

// Update starting position buffer if (cachedInstanceCount != instanceCount) UpdateBuffers();

// Pad input if (Input.GetAxisRaw("Horizontal") != 0.0f) instanceCount = (int)Mathf.Clamp(instanceCount + Input.GetAxis("Horizontal") * 40000, 1.0f, 5000000.0f);

// Render Graphics.DrawMeshInstancedIndirect(instanceMesh, 0, instanceMaterial, new Bounds(Vector3.zero, new Vector3(100.0f, 100.0f, 100.0f)), argsBuffer); }

void OnGUI() {

GUI.Label(new Rect(265, 25, 200, 30), "Instance Count: " + instanceCount.ToString()); instanceCount = (int)GUI.HorizontalSlider(new Rect(25, 20, 200, 30), (float)instanceCount, 1.0f, 5000000.0f); }

void UpdateBuffers() {

// positions if (positionBuffer != null) positionBuffer.Release(); positionBuffer = new ComputeBuffer(instanceCount, 16); Vector4[] positions = new Vector4[instanceCount]; for (int i=0; i < instanceCount; i++) { float angle = Random.Range(0.0f, Mathf.PI * 2.0f); float distance = Random.Range(20.0f, 100.0f); float height = Random.Range(-2.0f, 2.0f); float size = Random.Range(0.05f, 0.25f); positions[i] = new Vector4(Mathf.Sin(angle) * distance, height, Mathf.Cos(angle) * distance, size); } positionBuffer.SetData(positions); instanceMaterial.SetBuffer("positionBuffer", positionBuffer);

// indirect args uint numIndices = (instanceMesh != null) ? (uint)instanceMesh.GetIndexCount(0) : 0; args[0] = numIndices; args[1] = (uint)instanceCount; argsBuffer.SetData(args);

cachedInstanceCount = instanceCount; }

void OnDisable() {

if (positionBuffer != null) positionBuffer.Release(); positionBuffer = null;

if (argsBuffer != null) argsBuffer.Release(); argsBuffer = null; } }

Here is a surface shader that can be used with the example script above:

          Shader "Instanced/InstancedSurfaceShader" {
    Properties {
        _MainTex ("Albedo (RGB)", 2D) = "white" {}
        _Glossiness ("Smoothness", Range(0,1)) = 0.5
        _Metallic ("Metallic", Range(0,1)) = 0.0
    }
    SubShader {
        Tags { "RenderType"="Opaque" }
        LOD 200

CGPROGRAM // Physically based Standard lighting model #pragma surface surf Standard addshadow fullforwardshadows #pragma multi_compile_instancing #pragma instancing_options procedural:setup

sampler2D _MainTex;

struct Input { float2 uv_MainTex; };

#ifdef UNITY_PROCEDURAL_INSTANCING_ENABLED StructuredBuffer<float4> positionBuffer; #endif

void rotate2D(inout float2 v, float r) { float s, c; sincos(r, s, c); v = float2(v.x * c - v.y * s, v.x * s + v.y * c); }

void setup() { #ifdef UNITY_PROCEDURAL_INSTANCING_ENABLED float4 data = positionBuffer[unity_InstanceID];

float rotation = data.w * data.w * _Time.y * 0.5f; rotate2D(data.xz, rotation);

unity_ObjectToWorld._11_21_31_41 = float4(data.w, 0, 0, 0); unity_ObjectToWorld._12_22_32_42 = float4(0, data.w, 0, 0); unity_ObjectToWorld._13_23_33_43 = float4(0, 0, data.w, 0); unity_ObjectToWorld._14_24_34_44 = float4(data.xyz, 1); unity_WorldToObject = unity_ObjectToWorld; unity_WorldToObject._14_24_34 *= -1; unity_WorldToObject._11_22_33 = 1.0f / unity_WorldToObject._11_22_33; #endif }

half _Glossiness; half _Metallic;

void surf (Input IN, inout SurfaceOutputStandard o) { fixed4 c = tex2D (_MainTex, IN.uv_MainTex); o.Albedo = c.rgb; o.Metallic = _Metallic; o.Smoothness = _Glossiness; o.Alpha = c.a; } ENDCG } FallBack "Diffuse" }
          Shader "Instanced/InstancedSurfaceShader" {
    Properties {
        _MainTex ("Albedo (RGB)", 2D) = "white" {}
        _Glossiness ("Smoothness", Range(0,1)) = 0.5
        _Metallic ("Metallic", Range(0,1)) = 0.0
    }
    SubShader {
        Tags { "RenderType"="Opaque" }
        LOD 200

CGPROGRAM // Physically based Standard lighting model #pragma surface surf Standard addshadow fullforwardshadows #pragma multi_compile_instancing #pragma instancing_options procedural:setup

sampler2D _MainTex;

struct Input { float2 uv_MainTex; };

#ifdef UNITY_PROCEDURAL_INSTANCING_ENABLED StructuredBuffer<float4> positionBuffer; #endif

void rotate2D(inout float2 v, float r) { float s, c; sincos(r, s, c); v = float2(v.x * c - v.y * s, v.x * s + v.y * c); }

void setup() { #ifdef UNITY_PROCEDURAL_INSTANCING_ENABLED float4 data = positionBuffer[unity_InstanceID];

float rotation = data.w * data.w * _Time.y * 0.5f; rotate2D(data.xz, rotation);

unity_ObjectToWorld._11_21_31_41 = float4(data.w, 0, 0, 0); unity_ObjectToWorld._12_22_32_42 = float4(0, data.w, 0, 0); unity_ObjectToWorld._13_23_33_43 = float4(0, 0, data.w, 0); unity_ObjectToWorld._14_24_34_44 = float4(data.xyz, 1); unity_WorldToObject = unity_ObjectToWorld; unity_WorldToObject._14_24_34 *= -1; unity_WorldToObject._11_22_33 = 1.0f / unity_WorldToObject._11_22_33; #endif }

half _Glossiness; half _Metallic;

void surf (Input IN, inout SurfaceOutputStandard o) { fixed4 c = tex2D (_MainTex, IN.uv_MainTex); o.Albedo = c.rgb; o.Metallic = _Metallic; o.Smoothness = _Glossiness; o.Alpha = c.a; } ENDCG } FallBack "Diffuse" }

Here is a custom shader that can be used with the example script above:

          Shader "Instanced/InstancedShader" {
    Properties {
        _MainTex ("Albedo (RGB)", 2D) = "white" {}
    }
    SubShader {

Pass {

Tags {"LightMode"="ForwardBase"}

CGPROGRAM

#pragma vertex vert #pragma fragment frag #pragma multi_compile_fwdbase nolightmap nodirlightmap nodynlightmap novertexlight #pragma target 4.5

#include "UnityCG.cginc" #include "UnityLightingCommon.cginc" #include "AutoLight.cginc"

sampler2D _MainTex;

#if SHADER_TARGET >= 45 StructuredBuffer<float4> positionBuffer; #endif

struct v2f { float4 pos : SV_POSITION; float2 uv_MainTex : TEXCOORD0; float3 ambient : TEXCOORD1; float3 diffuse : TEXCOORD2; float3 color : TEXCOORD3; SHADOW_COORDS(4) };

void rotate2D(inout float2 v, float r) { float s, c; sincos(r, s, c); v = float2(v.x * c - v.y * s, v.x * s + v.y * c); }

v2f vert (appdata_full v, uint instanceID : SV_InstanceID) { #if SHADER_TARGET >= 45 float4 data = positionBuffer[instanceID]; #else float4 data = 0; #endif

float rotation = data.w * data.w * _Time.y * 0.5f; rotate2D(data.xz, rotation);

float3 localPosition = v.vertex.xyz * data.w; float3 worldPosition = data.xyz + localPosition; float3 worldNormal = v.normal;



float3 ndotl = saturate(dot(worldNormal, _WorldSpaceLightPos0.xyz)); float3 ambient = ShadeSH9(float4(worldNormal, 1.0f)); float3 diffuse = (ndotl * _LightColor0.rgb); float3 color = v.color;

v2f o; o.pos = mul(UNITY_MATRIX_VP, float4(worldPosition, 1.0f)); o.uv_MainTex = v.texcoord; o.ambient = ambient; o.diffuse = diffuse; o.color = color; TRANSFER_SHADOW(o) return o; }

fixed4 frag (v2f i) : SV_Target { fixed shadow = SHADOW_ATTENUATION(i); fixed4 albedo = tex2D(_MainTex, i.uv_MainTex); float3 lighting = i.diffuse * shadow + i.ambient; fixed4 output = fixed4(albedo.rgb * i.color * lighting, albedo.w); UNITY_APPLY_FOG(i.fogCoord, output); return output; }

ENDCG } } }
          Shader "Instanced/InstancedShader" {
    Properties {
        _MainTex ("Albedo (RGB)", 2D) = "white" {}
    }
    SubShader {

Pass {

Tags {"LightMode"="ForwardBase"}

CGPROGRAM

#pragma vertex vert #pragma fragment frag #pragma multi_compile_fwdbase nolightmap nodirlightmap nodynlightmap novertexlight #pragma target 4.5

#include "UnityCG.cginc" #include "UnityLightingCommon.cginc" #include "AutoLight.cginc"

sampler2D _MainTex;

#if SHADER_TARGET >= 45 StructuredBuffer<float4> positionBuffer; #endif

struct v2f { float4 pos : SV_POSITION; float2 uv_MainTex : TEXCOORD0; float3 ambient : TEXCOORD1; float3 diffuse : TEXCOORD2; float3 color : TEXCOORD3; SHADOW_COORDS(4) };

void rotate2D(inout float2 v, float r) { float s, c; sincos(r, s, c); v = float2(v.x * c - v.y * s, v.x * s + v.y * c); }

v2f vert (appdata_full v, uint instanceID : SV_InstanceID) { #if SHADER_TARGET >= 45 float4 data = positionBuffer[instanceID]; #else float4 data = 0; #endif

float rotation = data.w * data.w * _Time.x * 0.5f; rotate2D(data.xz, rotation);

float3 localPosition = v.vertex.xyz * data.w; float3 worldPosition = data.xyz + localPosition; float3 worldNormal = v.normal;



float3 ndotl = saturate(dot(worldNormal, _WorldSpaceLightPos0.xyz)); float3 ambient = ShadeSH9(float4(worldNormal, 1.0f)); float3 diffuse = (ndotl * _LightColor0.rgb); float3 color = v.color;

v2f o; o.pos = mul(UNITY_MATRIX_VP, float4(worldPosition, 1.0f)); o.uv_MainTex = v.texcoord; o.ambient = ambient; o.diffuse = diffuse; o.color = color; TRANSFER_SHADOW(o) return o; }

fixed4 frag (v2f i) : SV_Target { fixed shadow = SHADOW_ATTENUATION(i); fixed4 albedo = tex2D(_MainTex, i.uv_MainTex); float3 lighting = i.diffuse * shadow + i.ambient; fixed4 output = fixed4(albedo.rgb * i.color * lighting, albedo.w); UNITY_APPLY_FOG(i.fogCoord, output); return output; }

ENDCG } } }