Version: 2022.3
Language : English
WinRT API in C# scripts for UWP
Command line arguments for UWP

AppCallbacks class reference

You can use the AppCallbacks class to connect your main application to the Unity engine.

Example: How to use the AppCallbacks class

App.xaml.cpp file

    m_AppCallbacks = ref new AppCallbacks();

void App::OnLaunched(LaunchActivatedEventArgs^ e)
    m_SplashScreen = e->SplashScreen;

void App::InitializeUnity(String^ args)
    ApplicationView::GetForCurrentView()->SuppressSystemOverlays = true;

    auto rootFrame = safe_cast<Frame^>(Window::Current->Content);

    // Do not repeat app initialization when the Window already has content,
    // just ensure that the window is active
    if (rootFrame == nullptr && !m_AppCallbacks->IsInitialized())
        rootFrame = ref new Frame();
        Window::Current->Content = rootFrame;

        rootFrame->Navigate(TypeName(MainPage::typeid ));


MainPage.xaml.cpp file

    m_SplashScreenRemovalEventToken.Value = 0;
    m_OnResizeRegistrationToken.Value = 0;

    NavigationCacheMode = ::NavigationCacheMode::Required;

    auto appCallbacks = AppCallbacks::Instance;

    bool isWindowsHolographic = false;

    // If application was exported as Holographic check if the device actually supports it
    // Otherwise, we treat this as a normal XAML application
    isWindowsHolographic = AppCallbacks::IsMixedRealitySupported();

    if (isWindowsHolographic)
        m_SplashScreenRemovalEventToken = appCallbacks->RenderingStarted += ref new RenderingStartedHandler(this, &MainPage::RemoveSplashScreen);

        // Subscribes to all needed system events

        // This is the main initialization function for Unity
        // Initializes engine graphics, DirectX, and gamepad and joystick input
        // Loads IL2CPP and all engine subsystems except graphics
        // At this point, when Unity finishes loading the first level, it enters the main loop.

        m_SplashScreen = safe_cast<App^>(App::Current)->GetSplashScreen();

        auto dispatcher = CoreWindow::GetForCurrentThread()->Dispatcher;
        ThreadPool::RunAsync(ref new WorkItemHandler([this, dispatcher](IAsyncAction^)


        m_OnResizeRegistrationToken = Window::Current->SizeChanged += ref new WindowSizeChangedEventHandler([this](Object^, WindowSizeChangedEventArgs^)

Create an app thread

Unity doesn’t run your app on the UI(User Interface) Allows a user to interact with your application. Unity currently supports three UI systems. More info
See in Glossary
thread because the UI could become unresponsive when loading large apps. For more information on UI threads, refer to Microsoft documentation on Keeping the UI thread responsive.

When you create the AppCallbacks class using m_AppCallbacks = ref new AppCallbacks();, Unity creates a new thread called App Thread. Unity creates this new thread due to a Microsoft restriction: if your application doesn’t become responsive after 5 seconds, you’ll fail to pass the Windows App Certification Kit tests. For more information, refer to Microsoft documentation on the Windows App Certification Kit.

Note: Code located in the App.xaml.cpp and MainPage.xaml.cpp files always runs on the UI thread, unless called from the InvokeOnAppThread function.

Command line arguments

You can pass custom command line arguments as string arrays into the AppCallbacks constructor. For more information, refer to UWP Command line arguments.

AppCallbacks functions

Function Description
appCallbacks->InitializeD3DXAML(); Initializes your DirectX 11 device and loads the first level.
appCallbacks->SetCoreWindowEvents(Window::Current->CoreWindow); Sets the core window for Unity. Unity subscribes to the following system events:
- VisibilityChanged
- Closed
- PointerCursor
- SizeChanged
- Activated
- CharacterReceived
- PointerPressed
- PointerReleased
- PointerMoved
- PointerCaptureLost
- PointerWheelChanged
- AcceleratorKeyActivated
appCallbacks->SetSwapChainPanel(m_DXSwapChainPanel); Passes a XAML control to Unity which is used as a render target for DirectX 11.
void GetSwapChainPanel() Returns the SwapChainPanel object, which you can set via the SetSwapChainPanel method.
void Initialized() Returns whether the engine is initialized enough to run the main game loop.
void InitializeD3DWindow() Initializes engine graphics, DirectX, and gamepad and joystick input for D3D applications.
void Instance() Retrieves a singleton instance of a previously created AppCallbacks object.
void InvokeOnAppThread(AppCallbackItem item, bool waitUntilDone) Invokes a delegate on the application thread. This function is useful when you want to execute your script function from a UI thread.
void InvokeOnUIThread(AppCallbackItem item, bool waitUntilDone) Invokes a delegate on the UI thread. This function is useful when you want to invoke an XAML-specific API from your scriptsA piece of code that allows you to create your own Components, trigger game events, modify Component properties over time and respond to user input in any way you like. More info
See in Glossary
bool IsInitialized() Returns true when the first level of your application is fully loaded.
void RenderingStarted() Starts after Unity renders its first frame.
void Run() Enables D3D applications to enter the main loop.
bool RunningOnAppThread() Returns true if you’re currently running in an application thread.
bool RunningOnUIThread() Returns true if you’re currently running in a UI thread.
void SetAppArguments(string arg) / string GetAppArguments() Sets your application arguments, which you can then access from UnityEngine.WSA.Application.arguments.
void SetCoreApplicationViewEvents() Subscribes to the CoreApplicationView::Activated event and loads the IL2CPPA Unity-developed scripting back-end which you can use as an alternative to Mono when building projects for some platforms. More info
See in Glossary
scripting backendA framework that powers scripting in Unity. Unity supports three different scripting backends depending on target platform: Mono, .NET and IL2CPP. Universal Windows Platform, however, supports only two: .NET and IL2CPP. More info
See in Glossary
and all engine subsystems except graphics.
bool UnityGetInput() Returns true if Unity processes incoming input.
void UnitySetInput(bool enabled) Enables or disables input processing.
bool UnityPause(int pause) Pauses Unity if you pass 1 and unpauses if you pass 0. This function is useful if you want to temporarily freeze your game.

Additional resources

WinRT API in C# scripts for UWP
Command line arguments for UWP