Version: 2019.3
Conventional Game Input
Mobile Keyboard

Mobile device input

On mobile devices, the Input class offers access to touchscreen, accelerometer and geographical/location input.

Access to keyboard on mobile devices is provided via the iOS keyboard.

Multi-touch screen

The iPhone, iPad and iPod Touch devices are capable of tracking up to five fingers touching the screen simultaneously. You can retrieve the status of each finger touching the screen during the last frame by accessing the Input.touches property array.

Android devices don’t have a unified limit on how many fingers they track. Instead, it varies from device to device and can be anything from two-touch on older devices to five fingers on some newer devices.

Each finger touch is represented by an Input.Touch data structure:

Property: Description:
fingerId The unique index for a touch.
position The screen position of the touch.
deltaPosition The screen position change since the last frame.
deltaTime Amount of time that has passed since the last state change.
tapCount The iPhone/iPad screen is able to distinguish quick finger taps by the user. This counter will let you know how many times the user has tapped the screen without moving a finger to the sides. Android devices do not count number of taps, this field is always 1.
phase Describes the state of the touch, which can help you determine whether the user has just started to touch screen, just moved their finger or just lifted their finger.
Began A finger just touched the screen.
Moved A finger moved on the screen.
Stationary A finger is touching the screen but hasn’t moved since the last frame.
Ended A finger was lifted from the screen. This is the final phase of a touch.
Canceled The system cancelled tracking for the touch, as when (for example) the user puts the device to their face or more than five touches happened simultaneously. This is the final phase of a touch.

Here’s an example script that shoots a ray whenever the user taps on the screen:

using UnityEngine;

public class TouchInput : MonoBehaviour
{
    __GameObject__The fundamental object in Unity scenes, which can represent characters, props, scenery, cameras, waypoints, and more. A GameObject's functionality is defined by the Components attached to it. [More info](class-GameObject.html)<span class="tooltipGlossaryLink">See in [Glossary](Glossary.html#GameObject)</span> particle;

    void Update()
    {
        foreach(Touch touch in Input.touches)
        {
            if (touch.phase == TouchPhase.Began)
            {
                // Construct a ray from the current touch coordinates
                Ray ray = __Camera__A component which creates an image of a particular viewpoint in your scene. The output is either drawn to the screen or captured as a texture. [More info](CamerasOverview.html)<span class="tooltipGlossaryLink">See in [Glossary](Glossary.html#Camera)</span>.main.ScreenPointToRay(touch.position);
                if (Physics.Raycast(ray))
                {
                    // Create a particle if hit
                    Instantiate(particle, transform.position, transform.rotation);
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

Mouse simulation

On top of native touch support Unity iOSApple’s mobile operating system. More info
See in Glossary
/Android provides a mouse simulation. You can use mouse functionality from the standard Input class. Note that iOS/Android devices are designed to support multiple finger touch. Using the mouse functionality will support just a single finger touch. Also, finger touch on mobile devices can move from one area to another with no movement between them. Mouse simulation on mobile devices will provide movement, so is very different compared to touch input. The recommendation is to use the mouse simulation during early development but to use touch input as soon as possible.

Accelerometer

As the mobile device moves, a built-in accelerometer reports linear acceleration changes along the three primary axes in three-dimensional space. Acceleration along each axis is reported directly by the hardware as G-force values. A value of 1.0 represents a load of about +1g along a given axis while a value of –1.0 represents –1g. If you hold the device upright (with the home button at the bottom) in front of you, the X axis is positive along the right, the Y axis is positive directly up, and the Z axis is positive pointing toward you.

You can retrieve the accelerometer value by accessing the Input.acceleration property.

The following is an example script which will move an object using the accelerometer:

using UnityEngine;

public class Accelerometer : MonoBehaviour
{
    float speed = 10.0f;

    void Update()
    {
        Vector3 dir = Vector3.zero;
        // we assume that the device is held parallel to the ground
        // and the Home button is in the right hand

        // remap the device acceleration axis to game coordinates:
        // 1) XY plane of the device is mapped onto XZ plane
        // 2) rotated 90 degrees around Y axis

        dir.x = -Input.acceleration.y;
        dir.z = Input.acceleration.x;

        // clamp acceleration vector to the unit sphere
        if (dir.sqrMagnitude > 1)
            dir.Normalize();

        // Make it move 10 meters per second instead of 10 meters per frame...
        dir *= Time.deltaTime;

        // Move object
        transform.Translate(dir * speed);
    }
}

Low-Pass Filter

Accelerometer readings can be jerky and noisy. Applying low-pass filtering on the signal allows you to smooth it and get rid of high frequency noise.

The following script shows you how to apply low-pass filtering to accelerometer readings:

using UnityEngine;

public class LowPassFilterExample : MonoBehaviour
{
    float accelerometerUpdateInterval = 1.0f / 60.0f;
    float lowPassKernelWidthInSeconds = 1.0f;

    private float lowPassFilterFactor;
    private Vector3 lowPassValue = Vector3.zero;

    void Start()
    {
        lowPassFilterFactor = accelerometerUpdateInterval / lowPassKernelWidthInSeconds;
        lowPassValue = Input.acceleration;
    }

    private void Update()
    {
        lowPassValue = LowPassFilterAccelerometer(lowPassValue);
    }

    Vector3 LowPassFilterAccelerometer(Vector3 prevValue)
    {
        Vector3 newValue = Vector3.Lerp(prevValue, Input.acceleration, lowPassFilterFactor);
        return newValue;
    }
}

The greater the value of LowPassKernelWidthInSeconds, the slower the filtered value will converge towards the current input sample (and vice versa).

I’d like as much precision as possible when reading the accelerometer. What should I do?

Reading the Input.acceleration variable does not equal sampling the hardware. Put simply, Unity samples the hardware at a frequency of 60Hz and stores the result into the variable. In reality, things are a little bit more complicated – accelerometer sampling doesn’t occur at consistent time intervals, if under significant CPU loads. As a result, the system might report 2 samples during one frame, then 1 sample during the next frame.

You can access all measurements executed by accelerometer during the frame. The following code will illustrate a simple average of all the accelerometer events that were collected within the last frame:

public class AccelerationEvents : MonoBehaviour
{ 
    void Update()
    {
        GetAccelerometerValue();
    }

    Vector3 GetAccelerometerValue()
    {
        Vector3 acc = Vector3.zero;
        float period = 0.0f;

        foreach(AccelerationEvent evnt in Input.accelerationEvents)
        {
            acc += evnt.acceleration * evnt.deltaTime;
            period += evnt.deltaTime;
        }
        if (period > 0)
        {
            acc *= 1.0f / period;
        }
        return acc;
    }
}

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Conventional Game Input
Mobile Keyboard