Version: 2021.3
Using occlusion culling with dynamic GameObjects
Occlusion Areas

Occlusion culling and Scene loading

At runtime, Unity loads only one occlusion cullingA that disables rendering of objects when they are not currently seen by the camera because they are obscured (occluded) by other objects. More info
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data asset at a time, no matter how many Scenes are open. You must therefore prepare your occlusion culling data differently depending on whether you plan to load one SceneA Scene contains the environments and menus of your game. Think of each unique Scene file as a unique level. In each Scene, you place your environments, obstacles, and decorations, essentially designing and building your game in pieces. More info
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at a time, or multiple Scenes at a time.

Loading one Scene at a time

If you load one Scene at a time with LoadSceneMode.Single, you must bake the occlusion culling data for each Scene separately, like this:

  1. In the Unity Editor, open a single Scene that you want to bake occlusion culling data for.
  2. Bake the data for the Scene. Unity generates the data and saves it as Assets/[Scene name]/OcclusionCullingData.asset. Unity adds a reference to this asset to the open Scene.
  3. Save the Scene.
  4. Repeat steps 1, 2, and 3 for each Scene.

At runtime, load your Scenes like this:

  1. Load a Scene as the default Scene of your Project, or using LoadSceneMode.Single. Unity unloads the active Scene if there is one, along with its occlusion data asset if it has one. Unity then loads your Scene along with its occlusion data asset.

Loading more than one Scene at a time

If you load multiple Scenes at a time with LoadSceneMode.Additive, you must bake the data for those Scenes together, like this:

  1. In the Unity Editor, open the first Scene of the group that Unity will load at runtime. This becomes the active Scene.
  2. Additively open the other Scenes in the group, so that all of them are open in the Unity Editor at the same time.
  3. Bake the data for all Scenes. Unity generates the data for all of the open Scenes, and saves it as Assets/[active Scene name]/OcclusionCullingData.asset. Unity adds a reference to this asset to all of the open Scenes.
  4. Save the Scenes.

At runtime, load your Scenes like this:

  1. Load the first Scene of the group as the default Scene of your Project, or using LoadSceneMode.Single. Unity unloads the active Scene if there is one, along with its occlusion data asset if it has one. Unity then loads your Scene along with the shared occlusion data asset.
  2. Load other Scenes as required with LoadSceneMode.Additive. If Unity finds that the the occlusion data of an additively loaded Scene is the same as that of the active Scene, occlusion culling works as intended.

Note that the shared occlusion data asset has a larger file size. There is no additional runtime CPU impact to using a larger occlusion data asset.

For further information on working with multiple Scenes in the Unity Editor, see the documentation on multi-Scene editing.

Using occlusion culling with dynamic GameObjects
Occlusion Areas