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Extending the UnityPlayerActivity Java Code

When developing a Unity Android application, it is possible to extend the standard UnityPlayerActivity class (the primary Java class for the Unity Player on Android, similar to AppController.mm on Unity iOS) by using plug-ins. An application can override any and all of the basic interaction between the Android OS and the Unity Android application.

Two steps are required to override the default activity:

  • Create the new Activity which derives from UnityPlayerActivity;

  • Modify the Android Manifest to have the new activity as the application’s entry point.

The easiest way to achieve this is to export your project, and make the necessary modifications to the UnityPlayerActivity class in Android Studio.

To make a plug-in with your new activity code and add it to your Unity project you must perform the following steps:

  1. Extend the UnityPlayerActivity. The UnityPlayerActivity.java file is found at /Applications/Unity/Unity.app/Contents/PlaybackEngines/AndroidPlayer/src/com/unity3d/player on Mac and C:\Program Files\Unity\Editor\Data\PlaybackEngines\AndroidPlayer\src\com\unity3d\player on Windows. To extend the UnityPlayerActivity locate the classes.jar included with Unity. It is found in the installation folder (usually C:\Program Files\Unity\Editor\Data (on Windows) or /Applications/Unity (on Mac)) in a subfolder called PlaybackEngines/AndroidPlayer/Variations/mono or il2cppA Unity-developed scripting back-end which you can use as an alternative to Mono when building projects for some platforms. More info
    See in Glossary
    /Development or Release/Classes/. Then add classes.jar to the classpath used to compile the new Activity. Compile your Activity source file and package it into a JAR or AAR package, and copy it to your project folder..

  2. Create a new Android Manifest to set the new activity as the entry point of your application. Place the AndroidManifest.xml file in the AssetsAny media or data that can be used in your game or project. An asset may come from a file created outside of Unity, such as a 3D model, an audio file or an image. You can also create some asset types in Unity, such as an Animator Controller, an Audio Mixer or a Render Texture. More info
    See in Glossary
    /PluginsA set of code created outside of Unity that creates functionality in Unity. There are two kinds of plugins you can use in Unity: Managed plugins (managed .NET assemblies created with tools like Visual Studio) and Native plugins (platform-specific native code libraries). More info
    See in Glossary
    /Android folder of your project.

The following is an example UnityPlayerActivity file:

OverrideExample.java:
package com.company.product;
import com.unity3d.player.UnityPlayerActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;

public class OverrideExample extends UnityPlayerActivity {
  protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    // call UnityPlayerActivity.onCreate()
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    // print debug message to logcat
    Log.d("OverrideActivity", "onCreate called!");
  }
  public void onBackPressed()
  {
    // instead of calling UnityPlayerActivity.onBackPressed() we just ignore the back button event
    // super.onBackPressed();
  }
}
And this is what the corresponding AndroidManifest.xml could look like:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" package="com.company.product">
  <application android:icon="@drawable/app_icon" android:label="@string/app_name">
    <activity android:name=".OverrideExample"
             android:label="@string/app_name"
             android:configChanges="fontScale|keyboard|keyboardHidden|locale|mnc|mcc|navigation|orientation|screenLayout|screenSize|smallestScreenSize|uiMode|touchscreen">
        <intent-filter>
            <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
            <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
        </intent-filter>
    </activity>
  </application>
</manifest>



  • 2017–05–18 Page published with no editorial review

  • Updated features in 5.5

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JAR plug-ins
Native (C++) plug-ins for Android