Version: 2022.3
Language : English
Lightmap seam stitching
Realtime Global Illumination using Enlighten

Custom fall-off

In the real world, light fades over distance, and dim lights have a lower range than bright lights. The term “fall-off” refers to the rate at which light fades. Alongside Unity’s default fall-off lighting behaviour, you can also use custom fall-off settings.

Progressive LightmapperA tool in Unity that bakes lightmaps according to the arrangement of lights and geometry in your scene. More info
See in Glossary
provides custom fall-off presets, which you can implement via script. See the image below the table for a visual representation of how these work, and the code sample below the image for an example of how to use this functionality.

Property Function
InverseSquared Apply an inverse-squared distance fall-off model. This means the light intensity decreases inversely proportional to the square of location’s distance to the light source. For more information , see Wikipedia: Inverse-square law. This option is the most physically accurate.
InverseSquaredNoRangeAttenuation Apply an inverse-squared distance fall-off model with no smooth range attenuation. This works in the same way as InverseSquared, but the lighting system does not take into account the attenuation for the range parameter of punctual lights (that is, point lights and spot lights).
Legacy Apply a quadratic fall-off model. This model bases the light attenuation on the range of the light source. The intensity diminishes as the light gets further away from the source, but there is a very sharp and unnatural drop in the attenuation, and the visual effect is not realistic.
Linear Apply a linear fall-off model. In this model, attenuation is inversely proportional to the distance from the light, and the fall-off diminishes at a fixed rate from its source.
An example of the visual effect of each custom fall-off preset
An example of the visual effect of each custom fall-off preset

Note: The code example below only works with the Progressive Lightmapper when you use Baked or Mixed lights. To use the code example with realtime lightsLight components whose Mode property is set to Realtime. Unity calculates and updates the lighting of Realtime Lights every frame at runtime. No Realtime Lights are precomputed. More info
See in Glossary
, use Enlighten Realtime Global Illumination.

using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using UnityEngine;
using UnityEngine.Experimental.GlobalIllumination;
using UnityEngine.SceneManagement;
public class ExtractFalloff : MonoBehaviour
    public void OnEnable()
        Lightmapping.RequestLightsDelegate testDel = (Light[] requests, Unity.Collections.NativeArray<LightDataGI> lightsOutput) =>
            DirectionalLight dLight = new DirectionalLight();
            PointLight point = new PointLight();
            SpotLight spot = new SpotLight();
            RectangleLight rect = new RectangleLight();
            DiscLight disc = new DiscLight();
            Cookie cookie = new Cookie();
            LightDataGI ld = new LightDataGI();
            for (int i = 0; i < requests.Length; i++)
                Light l = requests[i];
                switch (l.type)
                    case UnityEngine.LightType.Directional: LightmapperUtils.Extract(l, ref dLight); LightmapperUtils.Extract(l, out cookie); ld.Init(ref dLight, ref cookie); break;
                    case UnityEngine.LightType.Point: LightmapperUtils.Extract(l, ref point); LightmapperUtils.Extract(l, out cookie); ld.Init(ref point, ref cookie); break;
                    case UnityEngine.LightType.Spot: LightmapperUtils.Extract(l, ref spot); LightmapperUtils.Extract(l, out cookie); ld.Init(ref spot, ref cookie); break;
                    case UnityEngine.LightType.Area: LightmapperUtils.Extract(l, ref rect); LightmapperUtils.Extract(l, out cookie); ld.Init(ref rect, ref cookie); break;
                    case UnityEngine.LightType.Disc: LightmapperUtils.Extract(l, ref disc); LightmapperUtils.Extract(l, out cookie); ld.Init(ref disc, ref cookie); break;
                    default: ld.InitNoBake(l.GetInstanceID()); break;
                ld.cookieID = l.cookie?.GetInstanceID() ?? 0;
                ld.falloff = FalloffType.InverseSquared;
                lightsOutput[i] = ld;
    void OnDisable()

Note: All code in the example above is necessary for the custom falloff to work; however, you can change InverseSquared in the line ld.falloff = FalloffType.InverseSquared; to use any of the presets described above.

Progressive Lightmapper added in 2018.1 NewIn20181

2018–03–28 Page published

Lightmap seam stitching
Realtime Global Illumination using Enlighten