Version: 2019.4
Rays from the Camera
Occlusion culling

Using an oblique frustum

By default, the view frustum is arranged symmetrically around the cameraA component which creates an image of a particular viewpoint in your scene. The output is either drawn to the screen or captured as a texture. More info
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’s center line, but it doesn’t necessarily need to be. You can make the frustum oblique, which means that one side is at a smaller angle to the centre line than the opposite side.

This makes the perspective on one side of the image seem more condensed, giving the impression that the viewer is very close to the object visible at that edge. An example of how this can be used is a car racing game; if the frustum is flattened at its bottom edge, it appears to the viewer that they are closer to the road, accentuating the feeling of speed.

In the Built-in Render Pipeline, a Camera that uses an oblique frustum can only use the Forward rendering pathThe technique Unity uses to render graphics. Choosing a different path affects the performance of your game, and how lighting and shading are calculated. Some paths are more suited to different platforms and hardware than others. More info
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. If your Camera is set to use the Deferred ShadingA rendering path in the Built-in Render Pipeline that places no limit on the number of Lights that can affect a GameObject. All Lights are evaluated per-pixel, which means that they all interact correctly with normal maps and so on. Additionally, all Lights can have cookies and shadows. More info
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renderingThe process of drawing graphics to the screen (or to a render texture). By default, the main camera in Unity renders its view to the screen. More info
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path and you make its frustum oblique, Unity forces that Camera to use the Forward rendering path.

Setting frustum obliqueness

Although the Camera component does not have functions specifically for setting the obliqueness of the frustum, you can do it by either enabling the camera’s Physical Camera properties and applying a Lens Shift, or by adding a script to alter the camera’s projection matrix.

Setting Frustum Obliqueness with a Lens Shift

Enable a camera’s Physical Camera properties to expose the Lens Shift options. You can use these to offset the camera’s focal center along the X and Y axes in a way that minimizes distortion of the rendered image.

Shifting the lens reduces the frustum angle on the side opposite the direction of the shift. For example, as you shift the lens up, the angle between the bottom of the frustum and the camera’s center line gets smaller.

Normally a camera’s frustum is symmetrical (left), meaning the angles on either side of the center line are equal. Shifting the lens (right) makes the frustum oblique, meaning the angle is smaller on one side than on the other.
Normally a camera’s frustum is symmetrical (left), meaning the angles on either side of the center line are equal. Shifting the lens (right) makes the frustum oblique, meaning the angle is smaller on one side than on the other.

For further information about the Physical Camera options, see documentation on Physical Cameras.

For further information about setting individual Physical Camera properties, see the Camera Component reference.

Setting frustum obliqueness using a script

The following script example shows how to quickly achieve an oblique frustum by altering the camera’s projection matrix. Note that you can only see the effect of the script while the game is running Play mode.

using UnityEngine;
using System.Collections;

public class ExampleScript : MonoBehaviour {
    void SetObliqueness(float horizObl, float vertObl) {
        Matrix4x4 mat  = Camera.main.projectionMatrix;
        mat[0, 2] = horizObl;
        mat[1, 2] = vertObl;
        Camera.main.projectionMatrix = mat;
    }
}

C# script example

It is not necessary to understand how the projection matrix works to make use of this. The horizObl and vertObl values set the amount of horizontal and vertical obliqueness, respectively. A value of zero indicates no obliqueness. A positive value shifts the frustum rightwards or upwards, thereby flattening the left or bottom side. A negative value shifts leftwards or downwards and consequently flattens the right or top side of the frustum. The effect can be seen directly if this script is added to a camera and the game is switched to the scene viewAn interactive view into the world you are creating. You use the Scene View to select and position scenery, characters, cameras, lights, and all other types of Game Object. More info
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while the game runs; the wireframe depiction of the camera’s frustum will change as you vary the values of horizObl and vertObl in the inspectorA Unity window that displays information about the currently selected GameObject, asset or project settings, alowing you to inspect and edit the values. More info
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. A value of 1 or –1 in either variable indicates that one side of the frustum is completely flat against the centreline. It is possible although seldom necessary to use values outside this range.


Rays from the Camera
Occlusion culling