Version: 2021.3
USS transform
USS custom properties (variables)

USS transition

USS transitions change property values over a given duration. Similar to the CSS transition, UI(User Interface) Allows a user to interact with your application. Unity currently supports three UI systems. More info
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Toolkit supports many easing functions, variable transition durations, and a configurable transition delay. You can change the look and feel of the transition and adjust the sequence in which the transitions occur. You can use the easing functions to trigger discrete animation at any time of the transition.

A transition example
A transition example

Important:

  • For properties that you supply with a value and a unit, make sure the unit for the start value matches the unit for the end value. Pay special attention to transitions to or from default values. For example, the default value of the translate attribute is 0. This implicitly uses pixelsThe smallest unit in a computer image. Pixel size depends on your screen resolution. Pixel lighting is calculated at every screen pixel. More info
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    as its unit. If you try to transition from this value to a translate value expressed with a percentage, you will have a unit mismatch. Units that don’t have a consistent conversion between them, such as pixels and percentages, are susceptible to unit mismatches.
  • A transition animation on a frame is triggered when the property’s current state is different from the previous state. The first frame in a sceneA Scene contains the environments and menus of your game. Think of each unique Scene file as a unique level. In each Scene, you place your environments, obstacles, and decorations, essentially designing and building your game in pieces. More info
    See in Glossary
    has no previous state; therefore, you must start a transition animation after the first frame.
  • For visual elements in a hierarchy, USS transition behaves the same as in the CSS transition, if you set transitions for an inherited property, such as color, transitions applied on the parent elements cascade to the child elements. To find out which property is inherited, see USS property reference.
  • When an incomplete transition is interruptedSame, USS transition behaves the same as in the CSS transition, the reverse transition might be faster.

Transition includes the following properties:

Property USS syntax Description
Property transition-property Specifies the name of the USS property the transition effect is for. Defaults to all.
Duration transition-duration Specifies how long the transition effect takes to complete. Defaults to 0s.
Easing function transition-timing-function Specifies how the property moves between values over time. Defaults to ease.
Delay transition-delay Defines when the transition effect starts. Defaults to 0s.
Transition transition Shorthand for transition-property, transition-duration, transition-timing-function, and transition-delay.

You can use the controls in the UI Builder, a USS file, or a C# script to set the transition properties for a visual element.

Transition controls in the UI Builder

You can use the controls in the Transition Animations section of the InspectorA Unity window that displays information about the currently selected GameObject, asset or project settings, allowing you to inspect and edit the values. More info
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in the UI Builder to set transition rules of a visual element. You can set multiple transitions on a visual element. To add another transition, click Add Transition. To remove it, click the minus sign.

This transition causes a visual element to adjust its scale over 500 milliseconds in a linear fashion after a delay of 20 milliseconds.
This transition causes a visual element to adjust its scale over 500 milliseconds in a linear fashion after a delay of 20 milliseconds.

Property

The Property control sets which property the transition applies to. To use it, select a keyword or USS property name from the dropdown. The dropdown has a search bar that you can use to find a specific keyword or USS property name.

Note: If you choose Ignored, Unity ignores the transitions defined for the specified duration, delay, and easing function.

Duration

The Duration control sets the duration property. To use it, enter a value in the text box and specify a unit, or choose initial in the unit selector.

Tip: You can enter s or ms after values or enter initial. This automatically changes the displayed unit in the unit selector. You can also drag to define the value in the text box.

Easing

The Easing control sets the easing function property. To use it, select an easing function name from the dropdown.

Delay

The Delay control sets the delay property. To use it, enter a value in the text box and specify a unit, or choose initial in the unit selector.

Tip: You can enter s or ms after values or enter initial. This automatically changes the displayed unit in the unit selector. You can also drag to define the value in the text box.

USS transition properties

You can use styling rules to set the transition properties for a visual element. You can set the styling rules within a USS file or inline in a UXML file.

transition-property

You can supply a single USS property, a keyword, or a comma-separated list of them.

The following table lists the supported keywords for transition-property:

Keyword Description
all Applies transitions to all properties and overrides any preceding transitions.
initial Applies transitions to all properties. You can’t use this keyword in a comma-separated list.
none Ignores transitions for all properties. You can’t use this keyword in a comma-separated list.

You can apply transitions to most USS properties. However, the animatability for certain properties is different. The animatabilty of USS properties falls into the following categories:

Animatability Description
Fully animatable Supports transition from the start value to the end value, at a speed that follows the easing function and transition duration.
Discrete Supports transition between values in a single step from the start value to the end value.
Non-animatable Doesn’t support transition.

To find out the animatability of each property, see USS property reference.

Note: Unity recommends you use transitions with the USS transform properties. Although you can use transitions on other USS properties, it might result in animations with poor frame rates because value changes on these properties might cause layout recalculations. Layout recalculations in each frame can slow down the frame rate of your transition animation.

Examples

transition-property: scale;
transition-property: translate, all, rotate;
transition-property: initial;
transition-property: none;

transition-duration

You can supply a number with a unit, a keyword, or a comma-separated list of numbers and units.

If you supply multiple values, each value applies to the corresponding property specified in transition-property.

transition-duration only supports the keyword initial (0s). You can’t use this keyword in a comma-separated list.

Examples

transition-duration: 2s;
transition-duration: 800ms;
transition-duration: 3s, 1500ms, 1.75s;
transition-duration: initial;

In the following example, the original duration for scale is 1s, but all overrides it to 2s.

transition-property: scale, all, rotate;
transition-duration: 1s, 2s, 3s;

transition-timing-function

You can supply an easing function, a keyword, or a comma-separated list of easing functions.

If you supply multiple values, each value applies to the corresponding property specified in transition-property.

transition-timing-function only supports the keyword initial. It’s equal to ease. You can’t use this keyword in a comma-separated list.

UI Toolkit supports the following easing functions:

  • ease
  • ease-in
  • ease-out
  • ease-in-out
  • linear
  • ease-in-sine
  • ease-out-sine
  • ease-in-out-sine
  • ease-in-cubic
  • ease-out-cubic
  • ease-in-out-cubic
  • ease-in-circ
  • ease-out-circ
  • ease-in-out-circ
  • ease-in-elastic
  • ease-out-elastic
  • ease-in-out-elastic
  • ease-in-back
  • ease-out-back
  • ease-in-out-back
  • ease-in-bounce
  • ease-out-bounce
  • ease-in-out-bounce

For detailed information about each function, see MDN’s documentation for the transition-timing-function CSS attribute or easings.net.

Examples

transition-timing-function: linear;
transition-timing-function: ease-in, ease-out-circ, ease-in-out-cubic;
transition-timing-function: initial;

transition-delay

You can supply a number with a unit, a keyword, or a comma-separated list of numbers and units.

If you supply multiple values, each value applies to the corresponding property specified in transition-property.

transition-delay only supports the keyword initial (0s). You can’t use this keyword in a comma-separated list.

Examples

transition-delay: 0s;
transition-delay: 300ms;
transition-delay: 2s, 650ms, 2.75s;
transition-delay: initial;

transition

You can supply one transition, a keyword, or a comma-separated list of transitions. You separate properties within a transition by a space with the following order:

  1. transition-property
  2. transition-delay
  3. transition-duration
  4. transition-timing-function

transition only supports the keyword initial, which represents the initial value of each transition property:

  • transition-delay: 0s
  • transition-duration: 0s
  • transition-property: initial
  • transition-timing-function: ease

Examples

/*One transition*/
transition: width 2s ease-out;

/*Two transitions*/
transition: margin-right 4s, color 1s;

C# properties

You can set the transition properties for a visual element in a C# script.

IStyle.transitionProperty

The IStyle.transitionProperty property sets the USS properties to which transitions apply.

The transitionProperty property is of type StyleList<StylePropertyName>. StylePropertyName is a struct that you can construct from a string. StyleList is a struct you can construct from a list of StylePropertyNames.

Example

//Create a list that contains the rotate property, and use it to set transitionProperty.
List<StylePropertyName> properties = new List<StylePropertyName>();
properties.Add(new StylePropertyName("rotate"));
//Given a VisualElement named "element"...
element.style.transitionProperty = new StyleList<StylePropertyName>(properties);

You can use implicit conversions to simplify the above code as follows:

//Given a VisualElement named "element"...
element.style.transitionProperty = new List<StylePropertyName> { "rotate" };

IStyle.transitionDuration

The IStyle.transitionDuration property sets the durations of the transitions on a visual element.

The transitionDuration property is of type StyleList<TimeValue>. TimeValue is a struct that you can construct from a number and a TimeUnit enum. StyleList is a struct you can construct from a list of TimeValues.

Example

//Create a list that contains durations 2s and 500ms and use it to set transitionDuration.
List<TimeValue> durations = new List<TimeValue>();
durations.Add(new TimeValue(2f, TimeUnit.Second));
durations.Add(new TimeValue(500f, TimeUnit.Millisecond));
//Given a VisualElement named "element"...
element.style.transitionDuration = new StyleList<TimeValue>(durations);

You can use implicit conversions to simplify the above code as follows:

//Given a VisualElement named "element"...
element.style.transitionDuration = new List<TimeValue> { 2, new (500, TimeUnit.Millisecond) };

IStyle.transitionTimingFunction

The IStyle.transitionTimingFunction property sets the easing functions for the transitions on a visual element.

The transitionTimingFunction property is of type StyleList<EasingFunction>. EasingFunction is a struct that you can construct from an EasingMode enum.

Example

//Create a list that contains the Linear easing function, and use it to set transitionTimingFunction.
List<EasingFunction> easingFunctions = new List<EasingFunction>();
easingFunctions.Add(new EasingFunction(EasingMode.Linear));
//Given a VisualElement named "element"...
element.style.transitionTimingFunction = new StyleList<EasingFunction>(easingFunctions);

You can use implicit conversions to simplify the above code as follows:

//Given a VisualElement named "element"...
element.style.transitionTimingFunction = new List<EasingFunction> { EasingMode.Linear };

IStyle.transitionDelay

The IStyle.transitionDelay property sets the delays for the transitions on a visual element.

The transitionDelay property is of type StyleList<TimeValue>. TimeValue is a struct that you can construct from a number and a TimeUnit enum. StyleList is a struct you can construct from a list of TimeValues.

Example

//Create a list that contains delays 0.5s and 200ms, and use it to set transitionDelay.
List<TimeValue> delays = new List<TimeValue>();
delays.Add(new TimeValue(0.5f, TimeUnit.Second));
delays.Add(new TimeValue(200f, TimeUnit.Millisecond));
//Given a VisualElement named "element"...
element.style.transitionDuration = new StyleList<TimeValue>(delays);

You can use implicit conversions to simplify the above code as follows:

//Given a VisualElement named "element"...
element.style.transitionDelay = new List<TimeValue> { 0.5f, new(200, TimeUnit.Millisecond) };

More examples

This section includes examples that apply transitions on multiple properties.

Example 1: This example applies transitions on the scale and transform-origin properties:

  • The first transition is on the scale property. It has a duration of 4s, a delay of 0s, and the ease-in-sine easing function.
  • The second transition is on the transform-origin property. It has a duration of 3s, a delay of 600ms, and the ease-out-elastic easing function.
.classA {
    transition-property: scale, transform-origin;
    transition-duration: 4s, 3s;
    transition-delay: 0s, 600ms;
    transition-timing-function: ease-in-sine, ease-out-elastic;
}

Example 2: In this example, the later transitions override earlier transitions, including transitions with the all keyword:

  • The first transition is on all properties. It applies a duration of 500 milliseconds, a delay of zero seconds, and the linear easing function.
  • The second transition is on the translate property. It overrides the transition with a duration of 1s, a delay of 1s, and the ease-in easing function. All other properties still have a duration of 500ms, a delay of 0s, and the linear easing function.
.classB {
    transition-property: all, translate;
    transition-duration: 500ms, 1s;
    transition-delay: 0s, 1s;
    transition-timing-function: linear, ease-in;
}

Example 3:

This example shows what happens when property value lists are of different lengths. If any property’s list of values is shorter than that for transition-property, Unity repeats its values to make them match. Similarly, if any property’s value list is longer that for transition-property, Unity truncates it.

.classC {
    transition-property: scale, rotate, translate;
    transition-duration: 1s, 2s;
    transition-delay: 1s, 2s, 3s, 4s, 5s, 6s, 7s;
}

The following table shows the final results for the example above:

Property Duration Delay Easing function
scale 1s 1s ease
rotate 2s 2s ease
translate 1s 3s ease

Important: transition-property, transition-duration, transition-delay, and transition-timing-function are separate USS properties. If you leave any of them undefined, it’s possible that they are defined elsewhere, such as in another USS rule or inline on the UXML element.

Additional resources

USS transform
USS custom properties (variables)