One of the most powerful features of Mecanim is retargeting of humanoid animationsAn animation using humanoid skeletons. Humanoid models generally have the same basic structure, representing the major articulate parts of the body, head and limbs. This makes it easy to map animations from one humanoid skeleton to another, allowing retargeting and inverse kinematics. More info See in Glossary. This means that with relative ease, you can apply the same set of animations to various character models. Retargeting is only possible for humanoid models, where an AvatarAn interface for retargeting animation from one rig to another. More info See in Glossary has been configured, because this gives us a correspondence between the models’ bone structure.
Recommended Hierarchy structure
When working with Mecanim animations, you can expect your sceneA Scene contains the environments and menus of your game. Think of each unique Scene file as a unique level. In each Scene, you place your environments, obstacles, and decorations, essentially designing and building your game in pieces. More info See in Glossary to contain the following elements:-
The Imported character model, which has an Avatar on it.
The Animator ComponentA component on a model that animates that model using the Animation system. The component has a reference to an Animator Controller asset that controls the animation. More info See in Glossary, referencing an Animator ControllerControls animation through Animation Layers with Animation State Machines and Animation Blend Trees, controlled by Animation Parameters. The same Animator Controller can be referenced by multiple models with Animator components. More info See in Glossary asset.
A set of animation clipsAnimation data that can be used for animated characters or simple animations. It is a simple “unit” piece of motion, such as (one specific instance of) “Idle”, “Walk” or “Run”. More info See in Glossary, referenced from the Animator Controller.
ScriptsA piece of code that allows you to create your own Components, trigger game events, modify Component properties over time and respond to user input in any way you like. More info See in Glossary for the character.
Character-related components, such as the Character ControllerA simple, capsule-shaped collider component with specialized features for behaving as a character in a game. Unlike true collider components, a rigidbody is not needed and the momentum effects are not realistic. More info See in Glossary.
Your project should also contain another character model with a valid Avatar.
Create a GameObjectThe fundamental object in Unity scenes, which can represent characters, props, scenery, cameras, waypoints, and more. A GameObject’s functionality is defined by the Components attached to it. More info See in Glossary in the Hierarchy that contains Character-related components
Put the model as a child of the GameObject, together with the Animator component
Make sure scripts referencing the Animator are looking for the animator in the children instead of the root; use GetComponentInChildren<Animator>() instead of GetComponent<Animator>().
Then in order to reuse the same animations on another model, you need to:
Disable the original model
Drop in the desired model as another child of GameObject
Make sure the Animator Controller property for the new model is referencing the same controller asset
Tweak the character controller, the transform, and other properties on the top-level GameObject, to make sure that the animations work smoothly with the new model.
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