Version: 2019.3
DirectX
OpenGL Core

Metal

Metal is the standard graphics API for Apple devices. Unity supports Metal on iOSApple’s mobile operating system. More info
See in Glossary
, tvOS and macOS (Standalone and Editor).

Metal has a larger feature set on Apple platforms than OpenGL ES. See the advantages and disadvantages of using Metal below.

Advantages of using Metal

  • Lower CPU overhead of graphics API calls
  • API level validation layer
  • Better GPU control on multi-GPU systems
  • Supports memory-less render targets (on iOS/tvOS)
  • New Apple standard for Apple
  • Computer shaders
  • Tessellation shaders

Disadvantages of using Metal

  • No support for low-end devices
  • No support for geometry shaders

Limitations and requirements

  • iOS and tvOS have Metal support for Apple A7 or newer SoC-s.

  • macOS has Metal support for Intel HD and Iris Graphics from the HD 4000 series or newer, AMD GCN-based GPUs, and Nvidia Kepler-based GPUs or newer.

  • Minimum shader compilation target is 3.5.

  • Metal does not support geometry shadersA small script that contains the mathematical calculations and algorithms for calculating the Color of each pixel rendered, based on the lighting input and the Material configuration. More info
    See in Glossary
    .

Enabling Metal

To make the Unity Editor and Standalone Player use Metal as the default graphics API, do one of the following:

  • In the Editor, go to menu: Edit > Project SettingsA broad collection of settings which allow you to configure how Physics, Audio, Networking, Graphics, Input and many other areas of your Project behave. More info
    See in Glossary
    , then select the Player category, and enable Metal Editor Support.

  • Or, if you are using MacOS, open Terminal and use the -force-gfx-metal command line argument.

Metal is enabled by default on iOS, tvOS and macOS Standalone Players.

Validating Metal API

Xcode offers Metal API validation, which you can use to trace obscure issues. To enable Metal API validation in Xcode:

  1. In Unity, build your Project for iOS. This generates an Xcode project.

  2. Open the generated Xcode project in Xcode and select Edit Scheme.

Opening Edit Scheme window

  1. Select Run > Options > Metal API Validation and choose Enabled

Changing Metal API Validation level

Validation errors break code execution in the XCode editor, and appear in device logs.

Note: Enabling validation increases CPU usage, so only enable it for debugging.

Selecting a GPU device

Metal allows you to select a GPU device when you run your application. This enables you to test your Project on different GPU setups, or save power by using a low power GPU.

To change the Unity Editor target GPU device, select menu: Unity > Preferences… > General and set the Device To Use:

Changing target GPU in the Editor
Changing target GPU in the Editor

To change the Standalone Player target GPU device, start your application (or select menu: File > Build and run) and set the Graphics device to use to the relevant GPU in the dialog that appears:

Changing target GPU on Standalone Player
Changing target GPU on Standalone Player

Using memoryless render targets

Metal allows you to use memory-less render targets to optimize memory on mobile devices introduced in iOS and tvOS 10.0. This enables you to render to a RenderTexture without backing it up in system memory, so contents are only temporarily stored in the on-tile memory during renderingThe process of drawing graphics to the screen (or to a render texture). By default, the main camera in Unity renders its view to the screen. More info
See in Glossary
.

For more information, see RenderTexture.memorylessMode.


  • 2018–05–22 Page published

  • Added advice on using Metal in 2017.4

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DirectX
OpenGL Core