Aim Constraints
Parent Constraints

Look At Constraints

A Look At Constraint rotates a GameObject to face its source GameObjectsThe fundamental object in Unity scenes, which can represent characters, props, scenery, cameras, waypoints, and more. A GameObject’s functionality is defined by the Components attached to it. More info
See in Glossary
. You typically apply the Look At Constraint on a CameraA component which creates an image of a particular viewpoint in your scene. The output is either drawn to the screen or captured as a texture. More info
See in Glossary
to follow around one or more GameObjects. In addition, if you import a Target Camera, Unity creates a camera with a Look At Constraint using the target object as the source.

Look At is a simplified version of the Aim Constraint. Whereas the Aim Constraint allows you to choose which axis will follow the constraining GameObject, the Look At Constraint always follows the z-axis.

You can specify the upward direction for the Look At Constraint by setting it to another GameObject’s y-axis, or you can specify a roll, which is a rotation around the z-axis (your aiming axis).

Look At Constraint component
Look At Constraint component

Properties

Property: Function:
Is Active Enable this option to evaluate the Constraint. To also apply the Constraint, enable the Lock property.
Weight Set the strength of the Constraint. Valid values range from 0 (the Constraint has no effect) to 1 (this GameObject rotates at the same rate as its source GameObjects move).

This weight value affects all source GameObjects equally, but you can also change the weight on each GameObject individually in the Sources list.
Use Up Object Enable this option to set this GameObject’s up vector to the y-axis of the World Up Object. If you disable this option, the up vector is set to the Roll value instead. A GameObject’s up vector establishes which direction is up.
Roll Set the rotation angle in degrees along the z-axis to use for this GameObject’s up vector (upward direction).

Only available when Use Up Object is disabled.
World Up Object Set a reference to the GameObject you want to use as the up vector reference. When set, the y-axis of this up vector GameObject becomes the upward direction for the constrained GameObject.

Only available when Use Up Object is enabled.
Constraint Settings
Lock Enable this option to let the Constraint rotate the GameObject (apply the Constraint). If you disable this option, you can modify the GameObject’s rotation, as well as the Rotation At Rest and Rotation Offset properties. When you are satisfied with your changes, check Lock to let the Constraint control this GameObject.

This property has no effect in Play Mode.
Rotation At Rest Set the orientation of the constrained GameObject when resting in X, Y, and Z. A GameObject is resting when the total weights, including the individual weights of all sources, add up to 0.

To modify this property, disable the Lock.
Rotation Offset Set an offset from the constrained orientation (the rotation calculated by the Constraint) in X, Y, and Z.

To modify this property, disable the Lock.
Sources The list of GameObjects that constrain this GameObject. Unity evaluates source GameObjects in the order that they appear in this list.

The order affects how this Constraint rotates the constrained GameObject because of the way that rotations accumulate. To get the result you want, drag and drop items in this list. Different orders lead to different results.

Each entry in the list contains a reference to a GameObject and its weight (that is, influence in the Constraint). Unity calculates the average of the source GameObjects in this list, and you can adjust the influence by changing the weights for each source. For example, if you have two sources (a cube and a sphere) and you want to concentrate the camera more on the sphere, you can set the sphere’s weight to 1 (the maximum) and the cube’s weight to 0.5.
Influence between the sphere (weight=1) and the cube (weight=0.5)
Influence between the sphere (weight=1) and the cube (weight=0.5)

  • 2018–10–23 Page published

  • Look At Constraint added in 2018.2

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Aim Constraints
Parent Constraints