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Scriptable Render Pipeline

The Scriptable Render Pipeline (SRP) is an alternative to the Unity built-in pipeline. With the SRP, you can control and tailor renderingThe process of drawing graphics to the screen (or to a render texture). By default, the main camera in Unity renders its view to the screen. More info
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via C# scriptsA piece of code that allows you to create your own Components, trigger game events, modify Component properties over time and respond to user input in any way you like. More info
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. This way, you can either slightly modify or completely build and customize the render pipeline to your needs.

The SRP gives you more granularity and customization options than the built-in Unity render pipeline. And you can use one of the pre-built SRPs to target your specific needs.

Using an SRP is different from using the built-in Unity render pipeline. For example, the pre-built SRPs come with a new ShaderA small script that contains the mathematical calculations and algorithms for calculating the Color of each pixel rendered, based on the lighting input and the Material configuration. More info
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library, because the built-in Unity Shaders do not work with SRPs.

Note: This is a preview feature and is subject to change. Any scripts that use this feature may need updating in a future release. Do not rely on this feature for full-scale production until it is no longer in preview.

Pre-built SRPs

Unity has built two Scriptable Render Pipelines that use the SRP framework: the High Definition Render Pipeline (HDRP) and the Lightweight Render Pipeline (LWRP). Each render pipeline targets a specific set of use-case scenarios and hardware needs. The pre-built render pipelines are available as templates for new Projects.

Both of these render pipelines are delivered as packages, and include the Shader Graph and Post ProcessingA process that improves product visuals by applying filters and effects before the image appears on screen. You can use post-processing effects to simulate physical camera and film properties, for example Bloom and Depth of Field. More info
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packages.

Note: Projects made using HDRP are not compatible with the Lightweight Render Pipeline or the built-in Unity rendering pipeline. Before you start development, you must decide which render pipeline to use in your Project.

High Definition Render Pipeline

The HDRP targets high-end hardware like consoles and PCs. With the HDRP, you’re able to achieve realistic graphics in demanding scenarios. The HDRP uses Compute Shader technology and therefore requires compatible GPU hardware.

Use HDRP for AAA quality games, automotive demos, architectural applications and anything that favors high-fidelity graphics over performance. HDRP uses physically-based Lighting and Materials, and supports both Forward and Deferred rendering.

The High Definition Render Pipeline is provided in a single template.

For more information on HDRP, see the HDRP overview on the SRP GitHub Wiki.

Lightweight Render Pipeline

You can use the LWRP across a wide range of hardware. The technology is scalable to mobile platforms, and you can also use it for higher-end consoles and PCs. You’re able to achieve quick rendering at a high quality. LWRP uses simplified, physically based Lighting and Materials.

The LWRP uses single-pass forward renderingA rendering path that renders each object in one or more passes, depending on lights that affect the object. Lights themselves are also treated differently by Forward Rendering, depending on their settings and intensity. More info
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. Use this pipeline to get optimized real-time performance on several platforms.

The Lightweight Render Pipeline is available via two templates: LWRP and LWRP-VR. The LWRP-VR comes with pre-enabled settings specifically for VR.

Note: Built-in and custom Lit Shaders do not work with the Lightweight Render Pipeline. Instead, LWRP has a new set of standard shadersA built-in shader for rendering real-world objects such as stone, wood, glass, plastic and metal. Supports a wide range of shader types and combinations. More info
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. If you upgrade a current Project to LWRP, you can upgrade built-in shaders to the new ones.

Fore more information on LWRP, see the LWRP overview on the SRP GitHub Wiki.

Setting up a Scriptable Render Pipeline

There are several different ways to install SRP, HDRP and LWRP: If you want to use one of the pre-built SRPs in a new or current Project, continue reading this section. If you are an advanced user, and you want to modify the SRP scripts to directly, see Creating a custom SRP.

Using a pre-built SRP with a new Project

If you want to use the HDRP or the LWRP in a new Project, and you don’t need to customise the render pipeline, you can create a new Project using Templates.

To create a Project using Templates:

  1. Open Unity. On the Home page, click New to start a new Project.
  2. Under Template, select one of the render pipeline templates.
  3. Click Create Project. Unity automatically creates a new Project for you, complete with all the functionalities of the included built-in pipeline.

For more information on using Templates, see Project Templates.

Installing the latest SRP into an existing Project

You can download and install the latest version of HDRP, LWRP or SRP to your existing Project via the Package Manager system.

Switching to an SRP from an existing Project consumes a lot of time and resources. HDRP, LWRP and custom SRPs all use custom shaders. They are not compatible with the built-in Unity shaders. You will have to manually change or convert many elements. Instead, consider starting a new Project with your SRP of choice.

To install an SRP into an existing Project:

  1. In Unity, open your Project.
  2. In the Unity menu bar, go to Window > Package Manager to open the Package Manager window.
  3. Select the All tab. This tab displays the list of available packages for the version of Unity that you are currently running.
  4. Select the render pipeline that you want to use from the list of packages. In the top right corner of the window, click Install. This installs the render pipeline directly in to your Project.

Configuring and using a pre-built render pipeline

Before you can use either of the pre-built render pipelines, you must create a Render Pipeline AssetAny media or data that can be used in your game or Project. An asset may come from a file created outside of Unity, such as a 3D model, an audio file or an image. You can also create some asset types in Unity, such as an Animator Controller, an Audio Mixer or a Render Texture. More info
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and add it to your Project settingsA broad collection of settings which allow you to configure how Physics, Audio, Networking, Graphics, Input and many other areas of your Project behave. More info
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. The following sections explain how to create the SRP Asset and how to add it to a HDRP or LWRP.

Creating Scriptable Render Pipeline Assets

To properly use your chosen SRP, you must create a Scriptable Render Pipeline Asset.

The Scriptable Render Pipeline Asset controls the global rendering quality settings of your Project and creates the rendering pipeline instance. The rendering pipeline instance contains intermediate resources and the render pipeline implementation.

You can create multiple Pipeline Assets to store settings for different platforms or for different testing environments.

To create a Render Pipeline Asset:

  1. In the Editor, go to the Project window, and navigate to a directory outside of the Scriptable Render Pipeline Folder.
  2. Right-click in the Project window, and select Create > Render Pipeline.
  3. Select either High Definition or Lightweight, depending on your needs. Click Render Pipeline/Pipeline Asset.

Configuring and using HDRP

To use HDRP, you must edit your Project’s Player and Graphics settings as follows:

  1. In the Editor, go to Edit > Project Settings > Player. In the Color Space dropdown, select Linear. HDRP does not support Gamma lighting.
  2. In the Project window, navigate to a directory outside of the Scriptable Render Pipeline folder.
  3. Right-click the Project window, and select Create > Render Pipeline > High Definition > Render Pipeline.
  4. Navigate to Edit > Project Settings > Graphics.
  5. In the Render Pipeline Settings field, add the High Definition Render Pipeline Asset you created earlier.

Tip: Always store your High Definition Render Pipeline Asset outside of the Scriptable Render Pipeline folder. This ensures that your HDRP settings are not lost when merging new changes from the SRP GitHub repository.

Configuring and using LWRP

To use the LWRP, you must edit your Project’s Graphics settings as follows:

  1. In the Project window, navigate to a directory outside of the Scriptable Render Pipeline folder.
  2. Right-click in the Project window, and select Create > Render Pipeline > Lightweight > Pipeline Asset.
  3. Navigate to Edit > Project Settings > Graphics.
  4. In the _Render Pipeline Settings field, add the Lightweight Render Pipeline Asset you created earlier.

Tip: Always store your new Render Pipeline Asset outside of the Scriptable Render Pipeline folder. This ensures that your Lightweight settings are not lost when merging new changes from the SRP GitHub repository.

Creating a custom SRP

The Scriptable Render Pipelines are available in an open Project on GitHub. You can clone an SRP and make modifications in your local version.

To configure local script files for a new or existing Unity Project:

  1. Create a clone of the SRP repository. Place the clone in the root of the Project directory, next to the Assets folder. For information on cloning repositories, see the GitHub help on Cloning a repository.

  2. Checkout a branch that is compatible with your version of Unity. Use the command git checkout, and type the branch name.

  3. Use the git submodule update --init command to find and initialize all submodules related to the SRP.

  4. In your Project manifest, update dependencies to so that they point to the SRP packages. To read more about Project manifests, see the Package Manager documentation. Here is an example of what your script should look like:

        
    {
    
       "dependencies": {
           "com.unity.postprocessing": "file:../ScriptableRenderPipeline/com.unity.postprocessing",
    
           "com.unity.render-pipelines.core": "file:../ScriptableRenderPipeline/com.unity.render-pipelines.core",
    
           "com.unity.shadergraph": "file:../ScriptableRenderPipeline/com.unity.shadergraph",
    
           "com.unity.render-pipelines.lightweight": "file:../ScriptableRenderPipeline/com.unity.render-pipelines.lightweight"
    
       }
    }
    
  5. Open your Project in Unity. Your packages are now installed locally. When you open the Project solution in an integrated development environment, you can debug and modify the script directly.


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Shaders: vertex and fragment programs
Physics