Version: 2018.3

BillboardAsset

class in UnityEngine

/

マニュアルに切り替える

説明

ビルボードを表示する方法について BillboardAsset を説明します。

Billboards are a level-of-detail (LOD) method of drawing complicated 3D objects in a simpler manner if they are further away. Because the object is further away, there is often less requirement to draw the object at full detail due to its size on-screen and low likelihood of being a focal point in the Camera view. Instead, the object can be pre-rendered to a texture, and this texture used on a very simple Camera-facing Mesh of flat geometry (often simply a quadrilateral) known as a billboard. At great distances an object does not significantly change its orientation relative to the camera, so a billboard looks much like the object it represents from frame to frame, without having to be redrawn from the model. The BillboardAsset class allows the creation of billboards that are rendered from several directions, allowing a BillboardAsset to efficiently represent an object at low level of detail from any approximately-horizontal viewpoint.

A BillboardAsset is usually created by importing SpeedTree assets. You can also create your own once you know how the billboard is described.

SpeedTree billboard geometry is usually more complex than a plain quadrilateral. By using more vertices to cut out the empty part of the billboard image, rendering performance can potentially be improved due to the graphics system not having to draw as many redundant transparent pixels. You have access to the geometry data via BillboardAsset.vertices and BillboardAsset.indices.

All vertices are considered in UV-space (see Fig. 1 below), because the geometry is due to be textured by the billboard images. UV vertices are easily expanded to 3D-space vertices by knowing the billboard's width, height, bottom, and what direction the billboard is currently facing. Assuming we have a billboard located at (0,0,0) looking at negative Z axis, the 3D-space coordinates are calculated as:

X = (u - 0.5) * width
Y = v * height + bottom
Z = 0

Figure 1: How UV vertices are expanded to 3D vertices

In order to display something similar to the real 3D mesh being billboarded, SpeedTree billboards select an appropriate image from several pre-rendered images according to the current view direction. The images in Figure 2 below are created by capturing the rendered image of the 3D tree at different view angles, evenly distributed around the Y-axis. The first image always starts at positive X axis direction (or 0° if you imagine a unit circle from above).

Figure 2: How the eight billboard images are baked

All images should be atlased together in one single texture. Each image is represented as a Vector4 of {left u, top v, width in u, height in v} in the atlas. You have access to all the images via BillboardAsset.imageTexCoords. SpeedTree Modeler always exports a normal texture alongside the diffuse texture for even better approximation of the lighting, and it shares the same atlas layout with the diffuse texutre.

Once the BillboardAsset is constructed, use BillboardRenderer to render it.

変数

 bottom 地面の下にあるビルボードの高さ height ビルボードの高さ imageCount Number of pre-rendered images that can be switched when the billboard is viewed from different angles. indexCount Number of indices in the billboard mesh. material レンダリングに使うマテリアル vertexCount Number of vertices in the billboard mesh. width ビルボードの幅

コンストラクタ

 BillboardAsset 新しい BillboardAsset を構築します。

Public 関数

 GetImageTexCoords Get the array of billboard image texture coordinate data. GetIndices Get the indices of the billboard mesh. GetVertices Get the vertices of the billboard mesh. SetImageTexCoords Set the array of billboard image texture coordinate data. SetIndices Set the indices of the billboard mesh. SetVertices Set the vertices of the billboard mesh.

変数

 hideFlags Should the object be hidden, saved with the Scene or modifiable by the user? name オブジェクト名

Public 関数

 GetInstanceID オブジェクトのインスタンス ID を返します ToString Returns the name of the GameObject.

Static 関数

 Destroy ゲームオブジェクトやコンポーネント、アセットを削除します DestroyImmediate Destroys the object obj immediately. You are strongly recommended to use Destroy instead. DontDestroyOnLoad Makes the object target not be destroyed automatically when loading a new Scene. FindObjectOfType タイプ type から最初に見つけたアクティブのオブジェクトを返します FindObjectsOfType タイプから見つけたすべてのアクティブのオブジェクト配列を返します Instantiate original のオブジェクトをクローンします

Operator

 bool オブジェクトが存在するかどうか operator != 二つのオブジェクトが異なるオブジェクトを参照しているか比較します operator == 2つのオブジェクト参照が同じオブジェクトを参照しているか比較します。