本部分介绍在开始使用 iOS 时出现的最常见和最重要的问题。
答：下载 SDK，在 Apple 开发者网站上设置并运行，建立开发团队，准备好设备，并调配资源。我们提供了一份基本步骤列表供您入门之用。
A: No, but Unity iOS can build to iPad Simulator if you’re using the latest SDK. However the simulator itself is not very useful for Unity because it does not simulate all inputs from iOS or properly emulate the performance you get on the iPhone/iPad. You should test out gameplay directly inside Unity using the iPhone/iPad as a remote control while it is running the Unity Remote application. Then, when you are ready to test performance and optimize the game, you publish to iOS devices.
A: In the scripting reference inside your Unity iOS installation, you will find classes that provide the hooks into the device’s functionality that you will need to build your apps. Consult the Input page for more information.
A: iOS has relatively low fillrate. If your particles cover a rather large portion of the screen with multiple layers, it will kill iOS performance even with the simplest shader. We suggest baking your particle effects into a series of textures off-line. Then, at run-time, you can use 1–2 particles to display them via animated textures. You can get fairly decent looking effects with a minimum amount of overdraw this way.
A: Physics can be expensive on iOS as it requires a lot of floating point number crunching. You should completely avoid MeshColliders if at all possible, but they can be used if they are really necessary. To improve performance, use a low fixed framerate using Edit->Time->Fixed Delta Time. A framerate of 10–30 is recommended. Enable rigidbody interpolation to achieve smooth motion while using low physics frame rates. In order to achieve completely fluid framerate without oscillations, it is best to pick fixed
deltaTime value based on the average framerate your game is getting on iOS. Either 1:1 or half the frame rate is recommended. For example, if you get 30 fps, you should use 15 or 30 fps for fixed frame rate (0.033 or 0.066)
A: Yes - if you implement it. Unity iPhone supports the native plugin system, where you can add any feature you need – including access to Gallery, Music library, iPod Player and any other feature that the iOS SDK exposes. Unity iOS does not provide an API for accessing the listed features through Unity scripts.
A: UnityGUI is fairly expensive when many controls are used. It is ideal to limit your use of UnityGUI to game menus or very minimal GUI Controls while your game is running. It is important to note that every object with a script containing an
OnGUI() call will require additional processor time – even if it is an empty
OnGUI() block. It is best to disable any scripts that have an
OnGUI() call if the GUI Controls are not being used. You can do this by marking the script as
enabled = false.
答：尽可能减少 GUILayout 的使用。如果在一个
OnGUI() 调用中未使用任何 GUILayout，可以使用
MonoBehaviour.useGUILayout = false; 禁用所有 GUILayout 渲染。这样可以使 GUI 渲染性能提高一倍。最后，在渲染 3D 场景时使用尽可能少的 GUI 元素。