Version: 2019.2
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SpeedTree is a third-party product by IDV Inc, which provides prebuilt tree Assets and modeling software focused specifically on trees.

Unity recognizes and imports SpeedTree Assets in the same way that it handles other Assets. If you’re using SpeedTree Modeler 7, make sure to resave your .spm files using the Unity version of the Modeler. If you’re using SpeedTree Modeler 8, save your .st files directly into the Unity Project folder.

Make sure that Textures are reachable in the Project folder, and that Unity automatically generates Materials for each Level of Detail (LOD). When you select an Asset, there are import settings to tweak the generated GameObject and attached Materials. Unity does not re-generate Materials when you re-import them, unless you click the Generate Materials or Apply & Generate Materials button. Therefore, it is possible to preserve any customizations to the Materials.

The SpeedTree importer generates a Prefab with the LODGroup component configured. You can instantiate the Prefab in a Scene as a common Prefab instance, or select the Prefab as a tree prototype and paint it across the Terrain.

Additionally, the Terrain accepts any GameObject with an LODGroup component as a tree prototype, and does not place limitations on the Mesh size, or number of Materials used. This is different from Unity Tree Editor trees. However, be aware that SpeedTree trees usually use three to four different Materials, which as a result, issues a number of draw calls every frame. Thus, we recommend that you avoid heavy use of LOD trees on platforms, such as the mobile platforms, where additional draw calls are relatively costly in terms of rendering performance.


The SpeedTree Model Importer has a Materials tab to improve the workflow for handling SpeedTree Material Assets. See documentation on the SpeedTree Model Importer’s Material tab page for more information.

Casting and receiving real-time shadows

To make billboards cast shadows correctly, Unity rotates billboards during the shadow caster pass to make them face the light direction (or light position in the case of point light) instead of facing the camera.

To enable these options, select the Billboard LOD level in the Inspector of a SpeedTree Asset, check Cast Shadows or Receive Shadows in Billboard Options, and click Apply Prefab.

SpeedTree import settings
SpeedTree import settings

To change the billboard shadow options of instantiated SpeedTree GameObjects, select the billboard GameObject in the Hierarchy window and tweak these options in the Inspector of the Billboard Renderer.

The trees you paint on a Terrain inherit billboard shadow options from the Prefab. Use BillboardRenderer.shadowCastingMode and BillboardRenderer.receiveShadows to alter these options at runtime.

Known issues: As with any other renderer, the Receive Shadows option has no effect while using deferred rendering. Billboards always receive shadows in deferred path.

  • 2019–01–29 Page amended

  • Added information about SpeedTree 8 and related links

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