Version: 5.6
Windows Store Apps: Generated project with .NET scripting backend
Windows Store Apps: Plugins on .NET Scripting Backend

Windows Store Apps: Missing .NET Types on .NET Scripting Backend

The .NET scripting backend that is used on Windows Store is a special .NET version for this platform, which is not entirely compatible with Mono. In particular some data types are missing and some other classes don’t have certain methods, that the same classes do have in Mono.

To make porting existing games to Windows Store easier, some of the missing .NET types are provided by Unity. In addition some extension methods and replacement types were added to make migration easier.

These types are placed in PlaybackEngines\metrosupport\Managed\WinRTLegacy.dll, every Windows Store SDK has its own WinRTLegacy.dll.

Unity 提供的类型包括:

  • System.Collections.ArrayList
  • System.Collections.Hashtable
  • System.Collections.Queue
  • System.Collections.SortedList
  • System.Collections.Stack
  • System.Collections.Specialized.HybridDictionary
  • System.Collections.Specialized.ListDictionary
  • System.Collections.Specialized.NameValueCollection
  • System.Collections.Specialized.OrderedDictionary
  • System.Collections.Specialized.StringCollection
  • System.IO.Directory
  • System.IO.File
  • System.IO.FileStream
  • System.Xml.XmlDocument
  • System.Xml.XmlTextReader
  • System.Xml.XmlTextWriter

除此之外,还添加了命名空间 WinRTLegacy 以提供更多类和扩展方法。其中包括:

  • Extention methods Close() for most System.IO classes (alternatively you can use Dispose(), which is available on both Mono and .NET for Windows Store Apps)
  • WinRTLegacy.TypeExtensions 具有 System.Type 的方法 GetConstructor()、GetMethod() 和 GetProperty()
  • WinRTLegacy.IO.StreamReader 类,与 Mono System.IO.StreamReader 兼容
  • WinRTLegacy.IO.StreamWriter 类,与 Mono System.IO.StreamWriter 兼容
  • WinRTLegacy.Xml.XmlReader 类,与 Mono System.Xml.XmlReader 兼容
  • WinRTLegacy.Xml.XmlWriter 类,与 Mono System.Xml.XmlWriter 兼容

The simplest way to use the replacement classes from WinRTLegacy is via using directive:

using XmlReader = WinRTLegacy.Xml.XmlReader;
# else
using XmlReader = System.Xml.XmlReader;
# endif

This way you can use XmlReader class, which will be taken from WinRTLegacy.Xml namespace on Windows Store and from System.Xml namespace elsewhere.

Universal Windows 10 Apps

Some of the types were brought back to .NET for Universal Windows 10 Apps, thus implementations for these types were removed in WinRTLegacy.dll

Windows Store Apps: Generated project with .NET scripting backend
Windows Store Apps: Plugins on .NET Scripting Backend