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ScriptableObject

GameObject

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GameObjects are the fundamental objects in Unity that represent characters, props and scenery. They do not accomplish much in themselves but they act as containers for Components, which implement the real functionality. For example, a Light object is created by attaching a Light component to a GameObject.

A simple GameObject with several Components
A simple GameObject with several Components

Details

A GameObject always has a Transform component attached (to represent position and orientation) and it is not possible to remove this. The other components that give the object its functionality can be added from the editor’s Component menu or from a script. There are also many useful pre-constructed objects (primitive shapes, Cameras, etc) available on the GameObject > Create General menu

Since GameObjects are a very important part of Unity, there is a GameObjects section in the manual with extensive detail about them. You can find out more about controlling GameObjects from scripts on the GameObject scripting reference page.

Running Editor Script Code on Launch
ScriptableObject