Properties are settings and options for GameObject components and Assets. You edit properties in an Inspector window.
Properties fall into the following major categories:
When you create a component, its reference properties are unassigned.
Some reference properties accept specific types of components (for example, Transform). When you assign a GameObject to those properties, Unity locates the first component of the required type on the GameObject, and assigns it to the reference property. If the GameObject doesn’t have any components of the right type, you cannot assign the GameObject to the property.
To assign a reference to a property, drag and drop a compatible GameObject or Asset onto the property field in the Inspector.
Use the Object Picker window to find and select a reference object to assign.
You edit most value properties using simple controls. For example:
Fields where you enter text and numeric values.
You can type numeric values directly in a property field, or click and drag the property label to increase and decrease the value.
Some properties also have sliders for adjusting numeric values.
Check boxes where you toggle properties on and off.
Drop-downs and pop-ups where you choose one of multiple possible values.
Some GameObjects and Assets have more complex properties that you edit with specialized controls or dedicated editors. The rest of this section describes how to set these complex properties.
The Inspector window displays color properties as swatches.
Click any swatch to open a color picker or an HDR color picker, depending on the context. For example, Unity displays the HDR Color Picker window when you edit the emission color property in the standard shader.
You can also use the eyedropper tool to pick color values from anywhere on the screen.
To pick a color, click the eyedropper button next to a color property, then click anywhere on the screen. Unity sets the color property to the color of the pixel you clicked.
You can save the colors you set in reusable swatch libraries that you can share between projects.
|On macOS, you can choose to use the system color picker instead of Unity’s built-in color picker. From the Preferences (menu: Unity > Preferences) open the General panel and select macOS Color Picker.|
A gradient is a visual representation of a color progression. They are useful for blending one color gradually into another, over space or time.
In Unity, you set some gradients by setting two or more color properties.
Other gradients provide dedicated editors to control the relative amount of each color.
A dedicated gradient editor shows the main colors, called stops, and all the intermediate shades between them in the gradient bar (1).
Upward-pointing arrows along the bottom of the gradient bar represent color stops (2).
Downward-pointing arrows above the gradient bar represent alpha stops (5) that control the gradient’s transparency at a given point. You add and edit alpha stops the same way you edit color stops. When you select an alpha stop, the gradient editor displays an Alpha slider instead of the Color field.
By default, a gradient has two stops set to 100% alpha, which makes the gradient fully opaque. You can edit a stop to adjust the transparency, and add additional stops as needed.
A Curve is a line graph that shows the response (on the y axis) to the varying value of an input (on the x axis).
Unity uses curves in a variety of different contexts, especially in animation. Curve editors have a number of different options and tools. For details, see Editing Curves.
A bar slider is a specialized control that lets you allocate a particular resource visually. For example, the LOD Group component uses a bar slider to define transitions between GameObject LOD levels.
You adjust the relative values of each segment in the bar by dragging the segment edges. Some bar sliders also have draggable handles.
When a script exposes an array as a public variable, the Inspector displays a control that lets you edit both the number of items in the array (Size) and the values or references within it.
When you decrease the Size value, Unity removes values from the end of the array. When you increase the Size value, Unity copies the current last value into all the new elements it adds.
|To set up an array whose values are mostly the same, add the first element and then change the size to copy its value to subsequent elements.|
A swatch library is a collection of swatches that you save in a file. The Swatches section displays a single library at a time.
To save a swatch:
Drag and drop swatches to change their order. Right-click a swatch to move it to the top, replace it, rename it, or delete it. You can also delete a swatch by Alt/Option-clicking it.
Use the drop-down menu in Swatches to:
By default, Unity saves swatch libraries in your user preferences. You can also save a swatch library in your Project. Unity saves Project swatch libraries in the Editor folder of the Assets folder. To share Project swatch libraries between users, or to include them in a package, add them to a revision control repository.
To edit a Project swatch library: