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Scripted Importers

Scripted Importers are part of the Unity Scripting API. Use Scripted Importers to write custom Asset importers in C# for file formats not natively supported by Unity.

Create a custom importer by specializing the abstract class ScriptedImporter and applying the ScriptedImporter attribute. This registers your custom importer to handle one or more file extensions. When a file matching the registered file extensions is detected by the Asset pipeline as being new or changed, Unity invokes the method OnImportAsset of your custom importer.

Note: Scripted Importers cannot handle a file extension that is already natively handled by Unity.

Note: Limitation

This is an experimental release of the Scripted Importer feature and as such is limited to assets that can be created using the Unity Scripting API. This is not a limitation of the implementation or design of the this feature, but does impose limits on its real-world use.

Ejemplo

Below is a simple example as Scripted Importer: It imports asset files with the extension “cube” into a Unity Prefab with a cube primitive as the main Asset and a default material with a color fetched from the Asset file:

using UnityEditor.Experimental.AssetImporters;

[ScriptedImporter(1, "cube")]
public class CubeImporter : ScriptedImporter
{
    float m_ColorShift = 0f;

    public override void OnImportAsset(AssetImportContext ctx)
    {
        // Main asset
        var cube = GameObject.CreatePrimitive(PrimitiveType.Cube);
        ctx.SetMainAsset("MainAsset", cube);
        
        // Material as sub-asset
        string text = File.ReadAllText(ctx.assetPath, Encoding.UTF8);
        var channels = text.Split(',');
        var color = new Color(float.Parse(channels[0]) + m_ColorShift,
                              float.Parse(channels[1]) + m_ColorShift, 
                              float.Parse(channels[2]) + m_ColorShift);
        
        var material = new Material(Shader.Find("Standard")) { color = color };
        cube.GetComponent<Renderer>().material = material;
        ctx.AddSubAsset("Material", material);
    }
}

Note:

  • The importer is registered with Unity’s Asset pipeline by placing the the ScriptedImporter attribute on the CubeImporter class.
  • The CubeImporter class implements the abstract ScriptedImporter base class.
  • OnImportAsset’s ctx argument contains both input and output data for the import event.
  • Each import event must generate one (and only one) call to SetMainAsset.
  • Each import event may generate as many calls to AddSubAsset as necessary.
  • Please refer to the Scripting API documentation for more details.

You may also implement a custom Import Settings Editor by specializing ScriptedImporterEditor class and decorating it with the class attribute CustomEditor to tell it what type of importer it is used for.

Por ejemplo:

using UnityEditor.Experimental.AssetImporters;

[CustomEditor(typeof(CubeImporter))]
public class CubeImporterEditor: ScriptedImporterEditor
{
    public override void OnInspectorGUI()
    {
        var prop = serializedObject.FindProperty("m_ColorShift");
        EditorGUILayout.BeginHorizontal();
        EditorGUILayout.LabelField("Color Shift");
        EditorGUILayout.PropertyField(prop )); 
        EditorGUILayout.EndHorizontal();
        // Important: call this at end!
        base.ApplyRevertGUI();
    }
}

Using a Scripted Importer

Once you have added a scripted importer class to a project, you may use it just like any other native file type supported by Unity:

  • Drop a supported file in the Asset directory hierarchy to import.
  • Restarting the Unity Editor reimports any files that have changed since last update.
  • Editing the Asset file on disk and returning to the Unity Editor triggers a reimport.
  • Import a new asset using Asset > Import New Asset….
  • Explicitly trigger a re-import via the menu: Asset > Reimport.
  • Click on the Asset to see its settings in the Inspector window. To modify its settings, edit them in the Inspector window and click Apply .

The Inspector window of an Asset (An Alembic Girl) imported by the Scripted Importer
The Inspector window of an Asset (An Alembic Girl) imported by the Scripted Importer

Real-world use of Scripted Importers

  • Alembic: The Alembic importer plug-in has been updated to use a Scripted Importer. For more information, visit Unity github: AlembicImporter.

  • USD: The USD importer plug-in has been updated to use a Scripted Importer. For more information, please visit Unity github:: USDForUnity.




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