Version: 2019.1 (switch to 2018.4
Relative Joint 2D
Spring Joint 2D
Other Versions

Slider Joint 2D

Switch to Scripting

This jointA physics component allowing a dynamic connection between rigidbodies, usually allowing some degree of movement such as a hinge. More info
See in Glossary
allows a game object controlled by rigidbody physics to slide along a line in space, like sliding doors, for example. The object can freely move anywhere along the line in response to collisionsA collision occurs when the physics engine detects that the colliders of two GameObjects make contact or overlap, when at least one has a rigidbody component and is in motion. More info
See in Glossary
or forces or, alternatively, it can be moved along by a motor force, with limits applied to keep its position within a certain section of the line.

Property: Function:
Enable Collision Can the two connected objects collide with each other? Check the box for yes.
Connected Rigid Body Specify here the other object this joint connects to. Leave this as None and the other end of the joint will be fixed at a point in space defined by the Connected Anchor setting. Select the circle to the right of the field to view a list of objects to connect to.
Auto Configure Connected Anchor Check this box to automatically set the anchor location for the other object this joint connects to. (Check this instead of completing the Connected Anchor fields.)
AnchorA UI layout tool that fixes a UI element to a parent element. Anchors are shown as four small triangular handles in the Scene View and anchor information is also shown in the Inspector. More info
See in Glossary
The place (in terms of X, Y co-ordinates on the RigidBodyA component that allows a GameObject to be affected by simulated gravity and other forces. More info
See in Glossary
) where the end point of the joint connects to this object.
Connected Anchor The place (in terms of X, Y co-ordinates on the RigidBody) where the end point of the joint connects to the other object.
Auto Configure Angle Check this box to automtically detect the angle between the two objects and set it as the angle that the joint keeps between the two objects. (By selecting this, you don’t need to manually specify the angle.)
Angle Enter the the angle that the joint keeps between the two objects.
Use Motor Use the sliding motor? Check the box for yes.
Motor
Motor Speed Target motor speed (m/sec).
Maximum Motor Force The maximum force the motor can apply while attempting to reach the target speed.
Use Limits Should there be limits to the linear (straight line) force? Check the box for yes.
Translation Limits
Lower Translation The minimum distance the object can be from the connected anchor point.
Upper Translation The maximum distance the object can be from the connected anchor point.
Break Force Specify the linear (straight line) force level needed to break and so delete the joint. Infinity means it is unbreakable.
Break Torque Specify the torque (rotation) level needed to break and so delete the joint. Infinity means it is unbreakable.

Details

(See also Joints 2D: Details and Hints for useful background information on all 2D joints.)

Use this joint to make objects slide! The aim of this joint is to maintain the position of two points on a configurable line that extends to infinity. Those two points can be two Rigidbody2D components or a Rigidbody2D component and a fixed position in the world. (Connect to a fixed position in the world by setting Connected Rigidbody to None).

The joint applies a linear force to both connected rigid body objects to keep them on the line. It also has a simulated linear motor that applies linear force to move the ridid body objects along the line. You can turn the motor off or on. Athough the line is infinite, you can specify just a segment of the line that you want to use, using the Translation Limits option.

This joint has three simultaneous constraints. All are optional:

  • Maintain a relative linear distance away from a specified line between two anchor points on two rigid body objects.
  • Maintain a linear speed between two anchor points on two rigid body objects along a specified line. (The speed is limited with a maximum force.)
  • Maintain a linear distance between two points along the specified line.

For Example:

You can use this joint to construct physical objects that need to react as if they are connected together on a line. Such as:

  • A platform which can move up or down. The platform reacts by moving down when something lands on it but must never move sideways. You can use this joint to ensure platform to never moves up or down beyond certain limits. Use the motor to make the platform move up.

Did you find this page useful? Please give it a rating:

Relative Joint 2D
Spring Joint 2D