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PropertyDrawer

Namespace: UnityEditor

/

Inherits from: GUIDrawer

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Description

Base class to derive custom property drawers from. Use this to create custom drawers for your own Serializable classes or for script variables with custom PropertyAttributes.

PropertyDrawers have two uses:
- Customize the GUI of every instance of a Serializable class.
- Customize the GUI of script members with custom PropertyAttributes.

If you have a custom Serializable class, you can use a PropertyDrawer to control how it looks in the Inspector. Consider the Serializable class Ingredient in the script below:

// Recipe.js
// This is not an editor script

enum IngredientUnit { Spoon, Cup, Bowl, Piece }

// Custom serializable class class Ingredient extends System.Object { var name : String; var amount : int = 1; var unit : IngredientUnit; }

var potionResult : Ingredient; var potionIngredients : Ingredient[];

function Update () { // Update logic here... }
using UnityEngine;
using System.Collections;

public class Ingredient : MonoBehaviour {
    public string name;
    public int amount = 1;
    public IngredientUnit unit;
}
public class ExampleClass : MonoBehaviour {
    public Ingredient potionResult;
    public Ingredient[] potionIngredients;
}
import UnityEngine
import System.Collections

public enum IngredientUnit:

	Spoon

	Cup

	Bowl

	Piece

public class Ingredient(System.Object):

	public name as string

	public amount as int = 1

	public unit as IngredientUnit

public class ExampleClass(MonoBehaviour):

	public potionResult as Ingredient

	public potionIngredients as (Ingredient)

Using a custom PropertyDrawer, every appearance of the Ingredient class in the Inspector can be changed. Compare the look of the Ingredient properties in the Inspector without and with a custom PropertyDrawer:


Class in the Inspector without (left) and with (right) custom PropertyDrawer.

You can attach the PropertyDrawer to a Serializable class by using the CustomPropertyDrawer attribute and pass in the type of the Serializable class that it's a drawer for.

// IngredientDrawer.js
@CustomPropertyDrawer (Ingredient)
class IngredientDrawer extends PropertyDrawer {
	
	// Draw the property inside the given rect
	function OnGUI (position : Rect, property : SerializedProperty, label : GUIContent) {
		// Using BeginProperty / EndProperty on the parent property means that
		// prefab override logic works on the entire property.
		EditorGUI.BeginProperty (position, label, property);
		
		// Draw label
		position = EditorGUI.PrefixLabel (position, GUIUtility.GetControlID (FocusType.Passive), label);
		
		// Don't make child fields be indented
		var indent = EditorGUI.indentLevel;
		EditorGUI.indentLevel = 0;
		
		// Calculate rects
		var amountRect = new Rect (position.x, position.y, 30, position.height);
		var unitRect = new Rect (position.x+35, position.y, 50, position.height);
		var nameRect = new Rect (position.x+90, position.y, position.width-90, position.height);
		
		// Draw fields - passs GUIContent.none to each so they are drawn without labels
		EditorGUI.PropertyField (amountRect, property.FindPropertyRelative ("amount"), GUIContent.none);
		EditorGUI.PropertyField (unitRect, property.FindPropertyRelative ("unit"), GUIContent.none);
		EditorGUI.PropertyField (nameRect, property.FindPropertyRelative ("name"), GUIContent.none);
		
		// Set indent back to what it was
		EditorGUI.indentLevel = indent;
		
		EditorGUI.EndProperty ();
	}
}
no example available in C#
no example available in Boo

The other use of PropertyDrawer is to alter the appearance of members in a script that have custom PropertyAttributes. Say you want to limit floats or integers in your script to a certain range and show them as sliders in the Inspector. Using the built-in PropertyAttribute called RangeAttribute you can do just that:

// Show this float in the Inspector as a slider between 0 and 10
@Range (0.0, 10.0)
var myFloat = 0.0;
using UnityEngine;
using System.Collections;

public class ExampleClass : MonoBehaviour {
    [Range(0.0F, 10.0F)]
    public float myFloat = 0.0F;
}
import UnityEngine
import System.Collections

public class ExampleClass(MonoBehaviour):

	[Range(0.0F, 10.0F)]
	public myFloat as float = 0.0F

You can make your own PropertyAttribute as well. We'll use the code for the RangeAttribute as an example. The attribute must extend the PropertyAttribute class. If you want, your property can take parameters and store them as public member variables.

// This is not an editor script. The property attribute class should be placed in a regular script file.
class RangeAttribute extends PropertyAttribute {
	var min : float;
	var max : float;
	
	function RangeAttribute (min : float, max : float) {
		this.min = min;
		this.max = max;
	}
}

Now that you have the attribute, you need to make a PropertyDrawer that draws properties that have that attribute. The drawer must extend the PropertyDrawer class, and it must have a CustomPropertyDrawer attribute to tell it which attribute it's a drawer for.

// The property drawer class should be placed in an editor script, inside a folder called Editor.

// Tell the RangeDrawer that it is a drawer for properties with the RangeAttribute. @CustomPropertyDrawer (RangeAttribute) class RangeDrawer extends PropertyDrawer { // Draw the property inside the given rect function OnGUI (position : Rect, property : SerializedProperty, label : GUIContent) { // First get the attribute since it contains the range for the slider var range : RangeAttribute = attribute as RangeAttribute; // Now draw the property as a Slider or an IntSlider based on whether it's a float or integer. if (property.propertyType == SerializedPropertyType.Float) EditorGUI.Slider (position, property, range.min, range.max, label); else if (property.propertyType == SerializedPropertyType.Integer) EditorGUI.IntSlider (position, property, range.min, range.max, label); else EditorGUI.LabelField (position, label.text, "Use Range with float or int."); } }
no example available in C#
no example available in Boo

Note that for performance reasons, EditorGUILayout functions are not usable with PropertyDrawers.

See Also: PropertyAttribute class, CustomPropertyDrawer class.

Variables

attribute The PropertyAttribute for the property. Not applicable for custom class drawers. (Read Only)
fieldInfo The reflection FieldInfo for the member this property represents. (Read Only)

Functions

GetPropertyHeight Override this method to specify how tall the GUI for this field is in pixels.
OnGUI Override this method to make your own GUI for the property.

Inherited members