Version: 2020.1

ParticleSystemForceField

class in UnityEngine

/

継承:Component

マニュアルに切り替える

説明

Script interface for Particle System Force Fields.

Particle System Force Fields can be used to influence groups of particles that enter each field's zone of influence.

The shape of the Force Field can be set to a variety of shapes, and how the particles are affected is controlled by various properties in the Force Field.

As part of choosing the shape, you may define a start and end range. The end range describes the maximum extent of the shape, and the start range can be used to create a hollow shape.

A number of forces can be applied to particles that are within this volume: directional, gravitational, rotational, drag, and a vector field.

The settings for each type of force make use of the MinMaxCurve type, which is also used in the Particle System. This type allows you to set simple uniform values, or more complicated values that vary per-particle, and vary over the lifetime of each particle.

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using UnityEngine;

public class ExampleClass : MonoBehaviour { public ParticleSystemForceFieldShape m_Shape = ParticleSystemForceFieldShape.Sphere; public float m_StartRange = 0.0f; public float m_EndRange = 3.0f; public Vector3 m_Direction = Vector3.zero; public float m_Gravity = 0.0f; public float m_GravityFocus = 0.0f; public float m_RotationSpeed = 0.0f; public float m_RotationAttraction = 0.0f; public Vector2 m_RotationRandomness = Vector2.zero; public float m_Drag = 0.0f; public bool m_MultiplyDragByParticleSize = false; public bool m_MultiplyDragByParticleVelocity = false;

private ParticleSystemForceField m_ForceField;

void Start() { // Create a Force Field var go = new GameObject("ForceField", typeof(ParticleSystemForceField)); go.transform.position = new Vector3(0, 2, 0); go.transform.rotation = Quaternion.Euler(new Vector3(90.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f));

m_ForceField = go.GetComponent<ParticleSystemForceField>();

// Configure Particle System transform.position = new Vector3(0, -4, 0); transform.rotation = Quaternion.identity; var ps = GetComponent<ParticleSystem>();

var main = ps.main; main.startSize = new ParticleSystem.MinMaxCurve(0.05f, 0.2f); main.startSpeed = new ParticleSystem.MinMaxCurve(1.5f, 2.5f); main.maxParticles = 100000;

var emission = ps.emission; emission.rateOverTime = 0.0f; emission.burstCount = 1; emission.SetBurst(0, new ParticleSystem.Burst(0.0f, 200, 200, -1, 0.1f));

var shape = ps.shape; shape.shapeType = ParticleSystemShapeType.SingleSidedEdge; shape.radius = 5.0f; shape.radiusMode = ParticleSystemShapeMultiModeValue.BurstSpread; shape.randomPositionAmount = 0.1f; shape.randomDirectionAmount = 0.05f;

var forces = ps.externalForces; forces.enabled = true; }

void Update() { m_ForceField.shape = m_Shape; m_ForceField.startRange = m_StartRange; m_ForceField.endRange = m_EndRange; m_ForceField.directionX = m_Direction.x; m_ForceField.directionY = m_Direction.y; m_ForceField.directionZ = m_Direction.z; m_ForceField.gravity = m_Gravity; m_ForceField.gravityFocus = m_GravityFocus; m_ForceField.rotationSpeed = m_RotationSpeed; m_ForceField.rotationAttraction = m_RotationAttraction; m_ForceField.rotationRandomness = m_RotationRandomness; m_ForceField.drag = m_Drag; m_ForceField.multiplyDragByParticleSize = m_MultiplyDragByParticleSize; m_ForceField.multiplyDragByParticleVelocity = m_MultiplyDragByParticleVelocity; }

void OnGUI() { GUIContent[] shapeLabels = Enum.GetNames(typeof(ParticleSystemForceFieldShape)).Select(n => new GUIContent(n)).ToArray(); m_Shape = (ParticleSystemForceFieldShape)GUI.SelectionGrid(new Rect(25, 25, 400, 25), (int)m_Shape, shapeLabels, 4);

float y = 80.0f; float spacing = 40.0f;

GUI.Label(new Rect(25, y, 140, 30), "Start Range"); m_StartRange = GUI.HorizontalSlider(new Rect(165, y + 5, 100, 30), m_StartRange, 0.0f, 2.0f); y += spacing;

GUI.Label(new Rect(25, y, 140, 30), "End Range"); m_EndRange = GUI.HorizontalSlider(new Rect(165, y + 5, 100, 30), m_EndRange, 2.0f, 3.0f); y += spacing;

GUI.Label(new Rect(25, y, 140, 30), "Direction"); m_Direction.x = GUI.HorizontalSlider(new Rect(165, y + 5, 40, 30), m_Direction.x, -1.0f, 1.0f); m_Direction.y = GUI.HorizontalSlider(new Rect(210, y + 5, 40, 30), m_Direction.y, -1.0f, 1.0f); m_Direction.z = GUI.HorizontalSlider(new Rect(255, y + 5, 40, 30), m_Direction.z, -1.0f, 1.0f); y += spacing;

GUI.Label(new Rect(25, y, 140, 30), "Gravity"); m_Gravity = GUI.HorizontalSlider(new Rect(165, y + 5, 100, 30), m_Gravity, -0.05f, 0.05f); y += spacing;

GUI.Label(new Rect(25, y, 140, 30), "Gravity Focus"); m_GravityFocus = GUI.HorizontalSlider(new Rect(165, y + 5, 100, 30), m_GravityFocus, 0.0f, 1.0f); y += spacing;

GUI.Label(new Rect(25, y, 140, 30), "Rotation Speed"); m_RotationSpeed = GUI.HorizontalSlider(new Rect(165, y + 5, 100, 30), m_RotationSpeed, -10.0f, 10.0f); y += spacing;

GUI.Label(new Rect(25, y, 140, 30), "Rotation Attraction"); m_RotationAttraction = GUI.HorizontalSlider(new Rect(165, y + 5, 100, 30), m_RotationAttraction, 0.0f, 0.01f); y += spacing;

GUI.Label(new Rect(25, y, 140, 30), "Rotation Randomness"); m_RotationRandomness.x = GUI.HorizontalSlider(new Rect(165, y + 5, 60, 30), m_RotationRandomness.x, 0.0f, 1.0f); m_RotationRandomness.y = GUI.HorizontalSlider(new Rect(230, y + 5, 60, 30), m_RotationRandomness.y, 0.0f, 1.0f); y += spacing;

GUI.Label(new Rect(25, y, 140, 30), "Drag"); m_Drag = GUI.HorizontalSlider(new Rect(165, y + 5, 100, 30), m_Drag, 0.0f, 20.0f); y += spacing;

m_MultiplyDragByParticleSize = GUI.Toggle(new Rect(25, y, 220, 30), m_MultiplyDragByParticleSize, "Multiply Drag by Particle Size"); y += spacing;

m_MultiplyDragByParticleVelocity = GUI.Toggle(new Rect(25, y, 220, 30), m_MultiplyDragByParticleVelocity, "Multiply Drag by Particle Velocity"); y += spacing; } }

変数

directionXApply a linear force along the local X axis to particles within the volume of the Force Field.
directionYApply a linear force along the local Y axis to particles within the volume of the Force Field.
directionZApply a linear force along the local Z axis to particles within the volume of the Force Field.
dragApply drag to particles within the volume of the Force Field.
endRangeDetermines the size of the shape used for influencing particles.
gravityApply gravity to particles within the volume of the Force Field.
gravityFocusWhen using the gravity force, set this value between 0 and 1 to control the focal point of the gravity effect.
lengthDescribes the length of the Cylinder when using the Cylinder Force Field shape to influence particles.
multiplyDragByParticleSizeWhen using Drag, the drag strength will be multiplied by the size of the particles if this toggle is enabled.
multiplyDragByParticleVelocityWhen using Drag, the drag strength will be multiplied by the speed of the particles if this toggle is enabled.
rotationAttractionControls how strongly particles are dragged into the vortex motion.
rotationRandomnessApply randomness to the Force Field axis that particles will travel around.
rotationSpeedThe speed at which particles are propelled around a vortex.
shapeSelects the type of shape used for influencing particles.
startRangeSetting a value greater than 0 creates a hollow Force Field shape. This will cause particles to not be affected by the Force Field when closer to the center of the volume than the startRange property.
vectorFieldApply forces to particles within the volume of the Force Field, by using a 3D texture containing vector field data.
vectorFieldAttractionControls how strongly particles are dragged into the vector field motion.
vectorFieldSpeedThe speed at which particles are propelled through the vector field.

継承メンバー

変数

gameObjectこのコンポーネントはゲームオブジェクトにアタッチされます。コンポーネントはいつもゲームオブジェクトにアタッチされています。
tagゲームオブジェクトのタグ
transformThe Transform attached to this GameObject.
hideFlagsShould the object be hidden, saved with the Scene or modifiable by the user?
nameオブジェクト名

Public 関数

BroadcastMessageゲームオブジェクトまたは子オブジェクトにあるすべての MonoBehaviour を継承したクラスにある methodName 名のメソッドを呼び出します。
CompareTagこのゲームオブジェクトは tag とタグ付けされているかどうか
GetComponentReturns the component of Type type if the GameObject has one attached, null if it doesn't. Will also return disabled components.
GetComponentInChildren GameObject や深さ優先探索を活用して、親子関係にある子オブジェクトから type のタイプのコンポーネントを取得します。
GetComponentInParent GameObject や深さ優先探索を活用して、親子関係にある親オブジェクトから type のタイプのコンポーネントを取得します。
GetComponents GameObject から type のタイプのコンポーネントを「すべて」取得します。
GetComponentsInChildrenReturns all components of Type type in the GameObject or any of its children. Works recursively.
GetComponentsInParent GameObject や深さ優先探索を活用して、親子関係にある親オブジェクトから type のタイプのコンポーネントを「すべて」取得します。
SendMessageゲームオブジェクトにアタッチされているすべての MonoBehaviour にある methodName と名付けたメソッドを呼び出します
SendMessageUpwardsゲームオブジェクトと親(の親、さらに親 ... )にアタッチされているすべての MonoBehaviour にある methodName と名付けたメソッドを呼び出します
TryGetComponentGets the component of the specified type, if it exists.
GetInstanceIDオブジェクトのインスタンス ID を返します
ToStringReturns the name of the object.

Static 関数

DestroyRemoves a GameObject, component or asset.
DestroyImmediateDestroys the object obj immediately. You are strongly recommended to use Destroy instead.
DontDestroyOnLoadDo not destroy the target Object when loading a new Scene.
FindObjectOfTypeタイプ type から最初に見つけたアクティブのオブジェクトを返します
FindObjectsOfTypeGets a list of all loaded objects of Type type.
Instantiateoriginal のオブジェクトをクローンします

Operator

boolオブジェクトが存在するかどうか
operator !=二つのオブジェクトが異なるオブジェクトを参照しているか比較します
operator ==2つのオブジェクト参照が同じオブジェクトを参照しているか比較します。