Using FBX files in other applications
2D

Limitations on importing Models into Unity

Note: This section describes limitations with proprietary file formats that use FBX conversion. However, there are two file formats that do not use FBX as an intermediary: SketchUp and SpeedTree. For more information about limitations with these file formats, see SketchUp Settings and SpeedTree.

When Unity imports a proprietary file, it launches the 3D modeling software in the background. Unity then communicates with that proprietary software to convert the native file into a format Unity can read.

The first time you import a proprietary file into Unity, the 3D modeling software has to launch in a command-line process. This can take a while, but subsequent imports are very quick.

Warning: It is recommended that you export to FBX instead of directly saving your application files in the Project. It is not recommended to use native file formats directly in production.

Requisitos

You need to have the 3D modeling software installed to import proprietary files directly into Unity. If you don’t have the software installed, use the FBX format instead.

For more information about importing FBX files, see Model Import Settings window.

Application-specific issues

You import files in the same way, regardless of whether they are generic or proprietary files. However, there are some differences between which features are supported. For more information on the limitations with a specific 3D application, see:

Importing objects from Autodesk® Maya®

Unity imports Autodesk® Maya® files (.mb and .ma) through the FBX format, supporting the following:

  • Todos los nodos con posición, rotación y escala; También se importan puntos de pivote y nombres
  • Meshes with vertex colors, normals and up to 2 UV sets
  • Materials with texture and diffuse color; multiple materials per mesh
  • Animation
  • Joints
  • Blend shapes
  • Lights and Cameras
  • Visibilty
  • Custom property animation

Tip: For information on how to export an FBX file from Autodesk® Maya®, see Exporting from Maya.

Limitations

Unity does not support Autodesk® Maya®’s Rotate Axis (pre-rotation).

Joint limitations include:

  • Joint Orient (joint only post-rotation)
  • Segment Scale Compensate (joint only option)

Unity imports and supports any Rotate Order you specify in Autodesk® Maya®; however, once imported, you cannot change that order again inside Unity.

If you import a Model that uses a different rotation order from Unity’s, Unity displays that rotation order in the Inspector beside the Rotation property.

Tips and troubleshooting

  • Keep your scene simple: only export the objects you need in Unity when exporting.
  • Unity only supports polygons, so convert any patches or NURBS surfaces into polygons before exporting; see Autodesk® Maya® documentation for instructions.
  • If your model did not export correctly, the node history in Autodesk® Maya® might be causing a problem. In Autodesk® Maya®, select Edit > Delete by Type > Non-Deformer History and then re-export the model.
  • The Autodesk® Maya® FBX Exporter bakes un-supported complex animations constraints, such as Set Driven Keys, in order to import the animation into Unity properly. If you are using Set Driven Keys in Autodesk® Maya®, make sure to set keys on your drivers in order for the animation to be baked properly. For more information, see the Autodesk® Maya® documentation on Keyframe Animation.
  • In Autodesk® Maya®, the visibility value is present on each shape but can’t be animated and is not exported to the FBX file. Always set the visibility value on a node and not on a shape.

Importing objects from Cinema 4D

Unity imports Cinema 4D files (.c4d) through the FBX format, supporting the following:

  • All objects with position, rotation and scale; pivot points and names are also imported
  • Meshes with UVs and normals
  • Materials with texture and diffuse color; multiple materials per mesh
  • Animations FK (IK needs to be baked manually)
  • Bone-based animations

Tip: For information on how to export an FBX file from Cinema 4D, see Exporting from Cinema4D.

Limitations

Unity does not import Cinema 4D’s Point Level Animations (PLA). Use bone-based animations instead.

Cinema 4D does not export visibility inheritance. Set the Renderer to ‘Default’ or ‘Off’ in Cinema 4D to avoid any difference in the visibility animation between Cinema4D and Unity.

Importing Objects From Autodesk® 3ds Max®

Unity imports Autodesk® 3ds Max® files (.max) through the FBX format, supporting the following:

  • Todos los nodos con posición, rotación y escala; También se importan puntos de pivote y nombres
  • Meshes with vertex colors, normals and one or more UV sets
  • Materials with diffuse texture and color. Multiple materials per mesh
  • Animaciones
  • Bone-based animations
  • Morph targets (blend shapes)
  • Visibility

Tip: For information on how to export an FBX file from Autodesk® 3ds Max®, see Exporting from Max.

Importing objects from Cheetah3D

Unity imports Cheetah3D files (.jas) through the FBX format, supporting the following:

  • Todos los nodos con posición, rotación y escala; También se importan puntos de pivote y nombres
  • Mallas con vértices, polígonos, triángulos, UVs y normales
  • Animaciones
  • Materials with diffuse color and textures

Tip: For information on how to export an FBX file from Cheetah3D, see Using FBX files in other applications.

Importing objects from Modo

Unity imports Modo files (.lxo) through the FBX format, supporting the following:

  • Todos los nodos con posición, rotación y escala; También se importan puntos de pivote y nombres
  • Meshes with vertices, normals and UVs.
  • Materials with Texture and diffuse color; multiple Materials per mesh
  • Animaciones

To get started, save your .lxo file in your Project’s Assets folder. In Unity, the file appears in the Project View.

Unity re-imports the Asset when it detects a change in the .lxo file.

Tip: For information on how to export an FBX file from Modo, see Using FBX files in other applications.

Importing objects from Lightwave

Unity imports Lightwave files through the FBX format, supporting the following:

  • Todos los nodos con posición, rotación y escala; También se importan puntos de pivote y nombres
  • Meshes with up to 2 UV channels
  • Normals
  • Materials with Texture and diffuse color; multiple materials per mesh
  • Animaciones
  • Bone-based animations

You can also configure the Lightwave AppLink plug-in which automatically saves the FBX export settings you use the first time you import your Lightwave scene file into Unity. For more information, see the Lightwave Unity Interchange documentation.

Tip: For information on how to export an FBX file from Lightwave file, see Exporting from Lightwave.

Limitations

Bake your Lightwave-specific materials as textures so that Unity can read them. For information on doing this using a non-destructive pipeline, see Node system in Lightwave.

Unity does not support splines or patches. Convert all splines and patches to polygons before saving and exporting to Unity. For more information, see Lightwave documentation.

Importing objects from Blender

Unity imports Blender (.blend) files through the FBX format, supporting the following:

  • Todos los nodos con posición, rotación y escala; También se importan puntos de pivote y nombres
  • Mallas con vértices, polígonos, triángulos, UVs y normales
  • Huesos
  • Skinned Meshes
  • Animaciones

For information on how to optimize importing your Blender file into Unity, see Using FBX files in other applications.

Limitations

Las texturas y el color difuso no se asignan automáticamente. Puede asignarlos manualmente arrastrando la textura a la malla en Scene View en Unity.

Blender no exporta el valor de visibilidad dentro de las animaciones en el archivo FBX.

Using FBX files in other applications
2D