The Mesh class is the basic script interface to an object’s mesh geometry. It uses arrays to represent the vertices, triangles, normals and texture coordinates and also supplies a number of other useful properties and functions to assist mesh generation.
The mesh data is attached to an object using the Mesh Filter component (and the object will also need a Mesh Renderer to make the geometry visible). This component is accessed using the familiar GetComponent function:-
var mf: MeshFilter = GetComponent.<MeshFilter>(); // Use mf.mesh to refer to the mesh itself.
The Mesh object has properties for the vertices and their associated data (normals and UV coordinates) and also for the triangle data. The vertices may be supplied in any order but the arrays of normals and UVs must be ordered so that the indices all correspond with the vertices (ie, element 0 of the normals array supplies the normal for vertex 0, etc). The vertices are Vector3s representing points in the object’s local space. The normals are normalised Vector3s representing the directions, again in local coordinates. The UVs are specified as Vector2s, but since the Vector2 type doesn’t have fields called U and V, you must mentally convert them to X and Y respectively.
The triangles are specified as triples of integers that act as indices into the vertex array. Rather than use a special class to represent a triangle the array is just a simple list of integer indices. These are taken in groups of three for each triangle, so the first three elements define the first triangle, the next three define the second triangle, and so on. An important detail of the triangles is the ordering of the corner vertices. They should be arranged so that the corners go around clockwise as you look down on the visible outer surface of the triangle, although it doesn’t matter which corner you start with.