Reflection probes come in three basic types as chosen by the Type property in the inspectorA Unity window that displays information about the currently selected GameObject, asset or project settings, allowing you to inspect and edit the values. More info
See in Glossary (see the component reference page for further details).
The three types are explained in detail below.
A Baked Reflection Probe is one whose reflection cubemap is captured in the Unity editor and stored for subsequent usage in the player (see the Reflection Probes Introduction for further information). Once the capture process is complete, the reflections are “frozen” and so baked probes can’t react to runtime changes in the scene caused by moving objects. However, they come with a much lower processing overhead than Realtime Probes (which do react to changes) and are acceptable for many purposes. For example, if there is only a single moving reflective object then it need only reflect its static surroundings.
You should set the probe’s Type property to Baked or Custom in order to make it behave as a baked probe (see below for the additional features offered by Custom probes).
The reflections captured by baked probes can only include scene objects marked as Reflection Probe Static (using the Static menu at the top left of the inspector panel for all objects). You can further refine the objects that get included in the reflection cubemap using the Culling MaskAllows you to include or omit objects to be rendered by a Camera, by Layer.
See in Glossary and Clipping PlanesA plane that limits how far or close a camera can see from its current position. A camera’s viewable range is between the far and near clipping planes. See far clipping plane and near clipping plane. More info
See in Glossary properties, which work the same way as for a CameraA component which creates an image of a particular viewpoint in your scene. The output is either drawn to the screen or captured as a texture. More info
See in Glossary (the probe is essentially like a camera that is rotated to view each of the six cubemap faces).
When the Auto option is switched on (from the Lighting window), the baked reflections will update automatically as you position objects in the scene. If you are not making use of auto baking then you will need to click the Bake button in the Reflection Probe inspector to update the probes. (The Generate Lighting button in the Lighting window will also trigger the probes to update.)
Whether you use auto or manual baking, the bake process will take place asynchronously while you continue to work in the editor. However, if you move any static objects, change their materials or otherwise alter their visual appearance then the baking process will be restarted.
By default, Custom probes work the same way as Baked probes but they also have additional options that change this behaviour.
The Dynamic Objects property on a custom probe’s inspector allows objects that are not marked as Reflection Probe Static to be included in the reflection cubemap.
Note: The positions of these objects are still “frozen” in the reflection at the time of baking.
The Cubemap property allows you to assign your own cubemap to the probe and therefore make it completely independent of what it can “see” from its view point. You could use this, say, to set a skyboxA special type of Material used to represent skies. Usually six-sided. More info
See in Glossary or a cubemap generated from your 3D modelling app as the source for reflections.
Baked probes are useful for many purposes and have good runtime performance but they have the disadvantage of not updating live within the player. This means that objects can move around in the scene without their reflections moving along with them. In cases where this is too limiting, you can use Realtime probes, which update the reflection cubemap at runtime. This effect comes with a higher processing overhead but offers greater realism.
To enable a probe to update at runtime, you should set its Type property to Realtime in the Reflection ProbeA rendering component that captures a spherical view of its surroundings in all directions, rather like a camera. The captured image is then stored as a Cubemap that can be used by objects with reflective materials. More info
See in Glossary Inspector. You don’t need to mark objects as Reflection Probe Static to capture their reflections (as you would with a baked probe). However, you can selectively exclude objects from the reflection cubemap using the Culling Mask and Clipping Planes properties, which work the same way as for a Camera (the probe is essentially like a camera that is rotated to view each of the six cubemap faces).
In the editor, real-time probes have much the same workflow as baked probes, although they tend to render more quickly.
Note: Currently, real-time probes will only update their reflections in the Scene viewAn interactive view into the world you are creating. You use the Scene View to select and position scenery, characters, cameras, lights, and all other types of Game Object. More info
See in Glossary when Reflection Probe Static objects are moved or change their appearance. This means that moving dynamic objects won’t cause an update even though those objects appear in the reflection. You should choose the Bake Reflection Probes option from the Generate Lighting button dropdown in the Lighting window to update reflections when a dynamic object is changed.