Version: 2019.4
AssetBundles
Preparing Assets for AssetBundles

AssetBundle workflow

To get started with AssetBundles, follow these steps. More detailed information about each piece of the workflow can be found in the other pages in this section of documentation.

Assigning Assets to AssetBundles

To assign a given Asset to an AssetBundle, follow these steps:

  1. Select the Asset you want to assign to a bundle from your Project View.
  2. Examine the object in the InspectorA Unity window that displays information about the currently selected GameObject, asset or project settings, alowing you to inspect and edit the values. More info
    See in Glossary
    .
  3. At the bottom of the Inspector, there is a section to assign AssetBundles and Variants. Use the left-hand drop down to assign the AssetBundle, and the right-hand drop down to assign the variant.
  4. Click None on the left-hand drop to reveal the currently registered AssetBundle names.
  5. Click New to create a new AssetBundle
  6. Type in the desired AssetBundle name. Note: AssetBundle names support a type of folder structure depending on what you type. To add sub-folders, separate folder names by a /. For example, use the AssetBundle name environment/forest to create a bundle named forest under an environment sub-folder
  7. Once you’ve selected or created an AssetBundle name, you can repeat this process for the right hand drop down to assign or create a Variant name, if you desire. Variant names are not required to build the AssetBundles

To read more information on AssetBundle assignments and accompanying strategies, see documentation on Preparing Assets for AssetBundles.

Build the AssetBundles

Create a folder called Editor in the Assets folders, and place a script with the following contents in the folder:

using UnityEditor;
using System.IO;

public class CreateAssetBundles
{
    [MenuItem("Assets/Build AssetBundles")]
    static void BuildAllAssetBundles()
    {
        string assetBundleDirectory = "Assets/AssetBundles";
        if(!Directory.Exists(assetBundleDirectory))
        {
            Directory.CreateDirectory(assetBundleDirectory);
        }
        BuildPipeline.BuildAssetBundles(assetBundleDirectory, 
                                        BuildAssetBundleOptions.None, 
                                        BuildTarget.StandaloneWindows);
    }
}

This script creates a menu item at the bottom of the Assets menu called Build AssetBundles that executes the code in the function associated with that tag. When you click Build AssetBundles a progress bar appears with a build dialog. This takes all the Assets you labeled with an AssetBundle name and places them in a folder at the path assetBundleDirectory defines.

For more details about this, see documentation on Building AssetBundles.

Loading AssetBundles and Assets

If you want to load from local storage, use the AssetBundles.LoadFromFile API, which looks like this:

public class LoadFromFileExample : MonoBehaviour {
    function Start() {
        var myLoadedAssetBundle 
            = AssetBundle.LoadFromFile(Path.Combine(Application.streamingAssetsPath, "myassetBundle"));
        if (myLoadedAssetBundle == null) {
            Debug.Log("Failed to load AssetBundle!");
            return;
        }
        var prefab = myLoadedAssetBundle.LoadAsset<GameObject>("MyObject");
        Instantiate(prefab);
    }
}

LoadFromFile takes the path of the bundle file.

If you’re hosting your AssetBundles yourself and need to download them into your application, use the UnityWebRequest API. Here’s an example:

IEnumerator InstantiateObject()
{
    string url = "file:///" + Application.dataPath + "/AssetBundles/" + assetBundleName;        
    UnityEngine.Networking.UnityWebRequest request 
        = UnityEngine.Networking.UnityWebRequest.GetAssetBundle(url, 0);
    yield return request.Send();
    AssetBundle bundle = DownloadHandlerAssetBundle.GetContent(request);
    GameObject cube = bundle.LoadAsset<GameObject>("Cube");
    GameObject sprite = bundle.LoadAsset<GameObject>("Sprite");
    Instantiate(cube);
    Instantiate(sprite);
}

GetAssetBundle(string, int) takes the URL of the location of the AssetBundle and the version of the bundle you want to download. This example still points to a local file but string url could point to any URL you have your AssetBundles hosted at.

The UnityWebRequest has a specific handle for dealing with AssetBundles, DownloadHandlerAssetBundle, which gets the AssetBundle from the request.

Regardless of the method you use, you now have access to the AssetBundle object. From that object you need to use LoadAsset<T>(string) which takes the type, T, of the asset you’re attempting to load and the name of the object as a string that’s inside the bundle. This returns whatever object you’re loading from the AssetBundle. You can use these returned objects just like any object inside of Unity. For example, if you want to create a GameObject in the scene, you just need to call Instantiate(gameObjectFromAssetBundle).

For more information on APIs that load AssetBundles, see documentation on Using AssetBundles Natively.

AssetBundles
Preparing Assets for AssetBundles