Version: 2019.3
LanguageEnglish
  • C#

SerializeReference

class in UnityEngine

/

Implemented in:UnityEngine.CoreModule

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Description

Instruct Unity to serialize a field as a reference.

When Unity serializes an object, it serializes all fields as value types, unless the field type derives from [UnityEngine.Object]. By default, polymorphic fields are not supported and reference based topologies, like graphs, cannot be expressed natively.

It is recommended to derive the field type from ScriptableObject since this usually results in the best performance.

However, if using ScriptableObjects adds unacceptable complexity, decorating the field with a [SerializeReference] instructs Unity to serialize the field 'by reference' instead of 'by value'.

Notes: - The field type must not be of a type that specializes UnityEngine.Object.
- The field type can be abstract.
- The field type can be an interface.
- Generic Lists and array fields decorated with [SerializeReference] apply the attribute to the elements of the list/array not the list/array instance itself.
- Referenced values cannot be shared between UnityEngine.Object instances. For example, two MonoBehaviours cannot share an object that is serialized by reference. Use ScriptableObjects instead to share data.
- Field value can be null.


using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using UnityEngine;

public interface IShape {}

[Serializable] public class Cube : IShape { public Vector3 size; }

[ExecuteInEditMode] public class BuildingBlocks : MonoBehaviour { [SerializeReference] public List<IShape> inventory;

void OnEnable() { if (inventory == null) { inventory = new List<IShape>() { new Cube() {size = new Vector3(1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f)} }; Debug.Log("Created list"); } else Debug.Log("Read list"); } }

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