This page details the Player settings specific to the Android platform. For a description of the general Player settings, see the Player settings.
Documentation for the properties is grouped according to their respective sections in the Player UI:
|Adaptive||Set up textures for the Android Adaptive icons in your app.|
|Round||Set up textures for the Android Round icons in your app.|
|Legacy||Set up textures for the Android Legacy icons in your app.|
|Enable Android Banner||Enables a custom banner for Android TV builds.|
Use the Resolution and Presentation section to customize aspects of the screen’s appearance.
|Start in fullscreen mode||Hide the navigation bar while the splash screen or first scene loads. When not set, the navigation bar appears while the splash screen or first scene loads.|
|Render outside safe area||Enable this option to allow rendering using all available screen space, including the display cutout (notch) area. For more information, see the display cutout support documentation on the Android developer website.|
|Optimized Frame Pacing||Enable this option to allow Unity to evenly distribute frames for less variance in framerate, creating a smoother gameplay.|
Other Resolution and Presentation properties are grouped under these sections:
|Resolution Scaling Mode||Allows you to set the scaling to be equal to or below the native screen resolution.|
|FixedDPI||Allows you to scale the device’s screen resolution below its native resolution and show the Target DPI property. Use this to optimize performance and battery life or target a specific DPI setting.|
|Disabled||Ensures that scaling is not applied and the game renders to its native screen resolution.|
|Target DPI||Set the resolution of the game screen. Unity downscales the game screen to match this setting if the device’s native screen DPI is higher than this value. The scale is calculated as
Note: This option only appears when the Resolution Scaling Mode is set to Fixed DPI.
|Blit Type||Controls whether a blit is used to render the final image to the screen.|
|Always||(Always blit) Make Unity render to an offscreen buffer and then copy to the system framebuffer. This is compatible with most devices, but is usually slower than Never blitting.|
|Never||(Never blit) Make Unity render to the framebuffer provided by the OS. If a condition arises during application run time that causes this to fail, the application will print a one-time warning to the device log. Never blitting is usually faster than Always blitting, but it’s not compatible with all devices.|
|Auto||Make Unity render to the framebuffer provided by the OS, if possible. If a condition is met that prevents your application from rendering to the system framebuffer, the application switches to offscreen rendering and issues a warning to the device console.|
Set the Aspect Ratio Mode for the device. You can choose from Legacy Wide Screen (1.86), Native Aspect Ratio, and Custom. When you choose Custom, the Up To field appears.
Set a custom maximum screen width with the Up To property. This property is only available when Aspect Ratio Mode is set to Custom.
Choose the game’s screen orientation from the Default Orientation drop-down menu:
|Portrait||Home button appears at the bottom.|
|Portrait Upside Down||Home button appears at the top.|
|Landscape Left||Home button appears on the right side.|
|Landscape Right||Home button appears on the left side.|
|Auto Rotation||Allow the screen to automatically rotate to any of the orientations specified by the Allowed Orientations for Auto Rotation settings. This is the default.|
Note: This setting is shared between iOS and Android devices.
When you set the orientation to Auto Rotation, the Allowed Orientations for Auto Rotation section appears.
This section is only visible when Default Orientation is set to Auto Rotation.
Because Auto Rotation changes screen orientation to match the device, you may want to limit the screen orientations allowed (for example, locking a device to landscape).
Enable each orientation you want to allow by checking its box in this section:
|Portrait||Permite la orientación portrait|
|Portrait Upside Down||Permita la orientación vertical hacia abajo.|
|Landscape Right||Permita la orientación horizontal del paisaje (botón de inicio en el lado izquierdo).|
|Landscape Left||Permite la orientación landscape izquierda (botón de inicio está en el lado derecho).|
|Use 32-bit Display Buffer||Enable this option to create a Display Buffer to hold 32-bit color values (16-bit by default). Use it if you see banding, or need alpha in your post-processed effects, because they create Render Textures in the same format as the Display Buffer.|
|Disable Depth and Stencil||Enable this option to disable the depth and stencil buffers.|
|Render Over Native UI||Enable this option if you want Unity to render on top of native UI on Android or iOS. The camera’s Clear Flags have to be set to Solid color with an alpha less than 1 for this to have any effect.|
|Show Loading Indicator||Select how the loading indicator should appear. The options are Don’t Show, Large, Inversed Large, Small and Inversed Small.|
Below the common Splash Screen settings, you can set up an Android-specific Static Splash Image.
Use the Android Splash Screen property to specify the texture that should be used for the Android splash screen. The standard size for the splash screen image is 320x480.
Choose how you want Unity to scale the splash image to fit the device’s screen from the Splash Scaling drop-down menu. The options are:
This section allows you to customize a range of options organized into the following groups:
Use these settings to customize how Unity renders your game for the Android platform.
|Color Space||Choose which color space should be used for rendering: Gamma or Linear.
See the Linear rendering overview for an explanation of the difference between the two.
|Auto Graphics API||Disable this option to manually pick and reorder the graphics APIs. (OpenGL). By default this option is enabled, and Unity tries GLES3.2. If the device doesn’t support GLES3.2, Unity falls back to GLES3.1, GLES3 or GLES2. If only GLES3 is in the list, additional checkboxes appear: Require ES3.1, Require ES3.1+AEP and Require ES3.2. These allow you to force the corresponding graphics API.
Important: Unity adds the GLES3/GLES3.1/AEP/3.2 requirement to your Android manifest only if GLES2 is not in the list and the Minimum API Level is set to JellyBean (API level 18) or higher. In this case only, your application does not appear on unsupported devices in the Google Play Store.
|Color Gamut||You can add or remove color gamuts for the Android platform to use for rendering. Click the plus (+) icon to see a list of available gamuts. A color gamut defines a possible range of colors available for a given device (such as a monitor or screen). The sRGB gamut is the default (and required) gamut. When targeting devices with wide color gamut displays, use DisplayP3 to utilize full display capabilities.|
|Multithreaded Rendering||Enable this option to move graphics API calls from Unity’s main thread to a separate worker thread. This can help to improve performance in applications that have high CPU usage on the main thread.|
|Static Batching||Enable this option to use Static batching on your build (enabled by default).|
|Dynamic Batching||Enable this option to use Dynamic Batching on your build (enabled by default).
Note: Dynamic batching has no effect when a Scriptable Render Pipeline is active, so this setting is visible only when no Scriptable Render Pipeline asset is set in Graphics Settings.
|Compute Skinning||Enable this option to use GPU compute skinning, which frees up CPU resources. Compute Skinning is supported on devices that support OpenGL ES 3.1 or Vulkan. To learn more about GPU compute skinning, see the Wikipedia page on skeletal animation.|
|Graphics Jobs||Enable this option to instruct Unity to offload graphics tasks (render loops) to worker threads running on other CPU cores. This reduces the time spent in Camera.Render on the main thread, which is often a bottleneck.
Note: Unity currently only supports Graphics Jobs when using Vulkan and this setting has no effect when using OpenGL ES.
|Normal Map Encoding||Choose XYZ or DXT5nm-style to set the normal map encoding. This affects the encoding scheme and compression format used for normal maps. DXT5nm-style normal maps are of higher quality, but more expensive to decode in shaders.|
|Lightmap Encoding||Choose Low Quality, Normal Quality, or High Quality to set the lightmap encoding. This setting affects the encoding scheme and compression format of the lightmaps.|
|Lightmap Streaming Enabled||Enable this option to load only the lightmap mipmaps when needed. To render the current game Cameras, Unity applies this value to the lightmap textures when it generates the textures.
Note: To use this value, enable the Texture Streaming Quality setting.
|Streaming Priority||Define the lightmap mipmap streaming priority when there’s contention for resources. The valid range is –127 to 128, where a positive number represents higher priority. This setting is only available when Lightmap Streaming Enabled is checked. To use this value, enable the Texture Streaming Quality setting.|
|Protect Graphics Memory||Check this box to force the graphics buffer to be displayed only through a hardware-protected path. Works only on devices which support it.|
|Enable Frame Timing Stats||Gather statistics on how much time a frame takes on the CPU and GPU.|
|SRGB Write Mode||Enable this option to allow
|Number of swapchain buffers||Set this option to 2 for double-bufferin, or 3 for triple-buffering. Double-buffering might have a negative impact on performance.|
|Acquire swaichain image late as possible||Enable this option to acquire the backbuffer image right before the image is presented. This might improve performance if double-buffering is selected, but should otherwise be avoided on Android because it introduces additional memory bandwidth costs.|
|Apply display rotation during rendering||Enable this to perform all rendering in the native orientation of the display. This has a performance benefit on many devices. For more information, see documentation on Vulkan swapchain pre-rotation.|
|Package Name||Set the application ID, which uniquely identifies your app on the device and in Google Play Store. The basic structure of the identifier is com.CompanyName.AppName, and can be chosen arbitrarily. This setting is shared between iOS and Android.|
|Version||Enter the build version number of the bundle, which identifies an iteration (released or unreleased) of the bundle. The version is specified in the common format of a string containing numbers separated by dots (eg, 4.3.2). (Shared between iOS and Android.)|
|Bundle Version Code||An internal version number. This number is used only to determine whether one version is more recent than another, with higher numbers indicating more recent versions. This is not the version number shown to users; that number is set by the
For example, it could be a build number. Or you could translate a version number in “x.y” format to an integer by encoding the “x” and “y” separately in the lower and upper 16 bits. Or you could simply increase the number by one each time a new version is released.
Keep this number under 100000 if Split APKs by target architecture is enabled. Each APK must have a unique version code so Unity adds 100000 to the number for ARMv7, and 200000 for ARM64.
|Minimum API Level||Minimum Android version (API level) required to run the application.|
|Target API Level||Target Android version (API level) against which to compile the application.|
|Scripting Backend||Choose the scripting backend you want to use. The scripting backend determines how Unity compiles and executes C# code in your Project.|
|Mono||Compiles C# code into .NET Common Intermediate Language (CIL) and executes that CIL using a Common Language Runtime. See the Mono Project website for more information.|
|IL2CPP||Compiles C# code into CIL, converts the CIL to C++ and then compiles that C++ into native machine code, which executes directly at run time. See IL2CPP for more information.|
|API Compatibility Level||Choose which .NET APIs can be used in your project. This setting can affect compatibility with 3rd-party libraries.
Tip: If you are having problems with a third-party assembly, you can try the suggestion in the API Compatibility Level section below.
|.Net 2.0||.Net 2.0 libraries. Maximum .net compatibility, biggest file sizes. Part of the deprecated .NET 3.5 runtime.|
|.Net 2.0 Subset||Subset of full .net compatibility, smaller file sizes. Part of the deprecated .NET 3.5 runtime.|
|.Net Standard 2.0||Compatible with .NET Standard 2.0. Produces smaller builds and has full cross-platform support.|
|.Net 4.x||Compatible with the .NET Framework 4 (which includes everything in the .NET Standard 2.0 profile as well as additional APIs). Choose this option when using libraries that access APIs not included in .NET Standard 2.0. Produces larger builds and any additional APIs available are not necessarily supported on all platforms. See Referencing additional class library assemblies for more information.|
|C++ Compiler Configuration||Choose the C++ compiler configuration used when compiling IL2CPP generated code.
Note: This property is disabled unless Scripting Backend is set to IL2CPP.
|Use incremental GC||Use the incremental garbage collector, which spreads garbage collection over several frames to reduce gc-related spikes in frame duration.|
|Mute Other Audio Sources||Enable this option if you want your Unity application to stop Audio from applications running in the background. Otherwise, Audio from background applications continues to play alongside your Unity application.|
|Target Architectures||Select which CPUs you want to allow the application to run on (32-bit ARM, 64-bit ARM, and 32-bit Intel).
Note: Running Android apps in a 64-bit environment has performance benefits and 64-bit apps can address more than 4 GB of memory space.
|Split APKs by target architecture (Experimental)||Enable this option to create a separate APK for each CPU architecture selected in Target Architectures. This makes download size smaller for Google Play Store users. This is primarily a Google Play store feature and may not work in other stores. For more details, refer to Multiple APK Support.|
|Install Location||Specifies application install location on the device (for detailed information, refer to Android Developer documentation on install locations.|
|Automatic||Let the operating system decide. User will be able to move the app back and forth.|
|Prefer External||Install the application to external storage (SD card) if possible. The operating system doesn’t guarantee it; if not possible, the app will be installed to internal memory.|
|Force Internal||Force the application to be installed to internal memory. The user will be unable to move the app to external storage.|
|Internet Access||Choose whether to always add the networking (
|Auto||Only add the internet access permission if you are using a networking API.|
|Require||Always add the internet access permission.|
|Write Permission||Choose whether to enable write access to the external storage (such as the SD card) and add a corresponding permission to the Android manifest. Set to External(SDCard) by default for development builds.|
|Internal||Only grant write permission to internal storage.|
|External(SDCard)||Enable write permission to external storage.|
|Filter Touches When Obscured||Enable this option to discard touches received when another visible window is covering the Unity application. This is to prevent tapjacking.|
|Sustained Performance Mode||Enable this option to set a predictable and consistent level of device performance over longer periods of time, without thermal throttling. Overall performance might be lower when this setting is enabled. Based on the Android Sustained Performance API.|
|Maximum Java Heap Size||Set the maximum Java heap size to user for building (in megabytes). Defaults to 4096.|
|Low Accuracy Location||Enable this option to use low accuracy values with Android location APIs instead.|
|Android TV Compatibility||Enable this option to mark the application as Android TV compatible.|
|Android Game||Enable this option to mark the output package (APK) as a game rather than a regular application.|
|Android Gamepad Support Level||Choose the level of support your application offers for a gamepad. The options are Works with D-Pad, Supports Gamepad, and Requires Gamepad.|
|Warn about App Bundle size||Enable this option to receive a warning when the size of the Android App Bundle exceeds a certain threshold. This option is selected by default and you can only configure it if you enable the Build App Bundle (Google Play) option in the Build settings.|
|App Bundle size threshold||Enter a size in Mb. When your App Bundle exceeds this size, Unity will display a warning.|
|Input Manager||Use the traditional Input settings.|
|Input System (Preview)||Use the newer Input system. The Input System is provided as a preview package for this release. To try a preview of the Input System, install the InputSystem package.|
|Both||Use both systems side by side.|
You can choose your mono API compatibility level for all targets. Sometimes a 3rd-party .NET library uses functionality that is outside of your .NET compatibility level. In order to understand what is going on in such cases, and how to best fix it, try following these suggestions:
|Scripting Define Symbols||Set custom compilation flags. For more details, see the documentation on Platform dependent compilation.|
|Additional Compiler Arguments||Add entries to this list to pass additional arguments to the Roslyn compiler. Use one new entry for each additional argument.
To create a new entry, press the ‘+’ button. To remove an entry, press the ‘-’ button.
When you have added all desired arguments, click the Apply button to include your additional arguments in future compilations.The Revert button resets this list to the most recent applied state.
|Suppress Common Warnings||Disable this setting to display the C# warnings CS0169 and CS0649.|
|Allow ‘unsafe’ Code||Enable support for compiling ‘unsafe’ C# code in a pre-defined assembly (for example,
For Assembly Definition Files (
|Use Deterministic Compilation||Disable this setting to prevent compilation with the -deterministic C# flag. With this setting enabled, compiled assemblies are byte-for-byte identical each time they are compiled.
For more information, see Microsoft’s deterministic compiler option documentation.
|Enable Roslyn Analyzers||Disable this setting to compile user-written scripts without Roslyn analyzer DLLs that might be present in your project.|
|Use Roslyn Reference Assemblies||Disable this setting to the compiler not to skip compilation reference assemblies when the metadata of the assembly does not change.|
|Prebake Collision Meshes||Enable this option to add collision data to Meshes at build time.|
|Keep Loaded Shaders Alive||Enable this option to prevent shaders from being unloaded.|
|Preloaded Assets||Set an array of Assets for the player to load on startup.
To add new Assets, increase the value of the Size property and then set a reference to the Asset to load in the new Element box that appears.
|Strip Engine Code (IL2CPP only)||Specify whether the Unity Linker tool removes code for Unity Engine features that your Project doesn’t use.|
|Managed Stripping Level||Defines how aggressively Unity strips unused managed (C#) code.
When Unity builds your game or application, the Unity Linker process can strip unused code from the managed dynamically linked libraries used in the project. Stripping code can make the resulting executable significantly smaller, but can sometimes mistakenly remove code that is actually used. This setting allows you to choose how aggressively Unity should remove unused code.
|Disabled (Mono only)||Do not strip any code. (Managed code stripping is always enabled when using IL2CPP.)|
|Normal||Remove unreachable managed code to reduce build size and Mono/IL2CPP build times.|
|Aggressive (Experimental)||Remove code more aggressively than under the Normal option. Code size is further reduced, but this additional reduction may have side effects. For example, some methods may no longer be visible in the debugger and code accessed through reflection can be stripped. You can create a custom link.xml file to preserve specific classes and methods. See Managed bytecode stripping with IL2CPP for more information.|
|Enable Internal profiler (Deprecated)||Enable this option to get the profiler data from your device in the Android SDK’s adblogcat output while testing your projects. This is only available in development builds.|
|Script Call Optimization||Choose how to optionally disable exception handling for a speed boost at runtime. See iOS Optimization for details.|
|Slow and Safe||Use full exception handling (with some performance impact on the device when using the Mono scripting backend).|
|Fast but no Exceptions||No data provided for exceptions on the device (the game runs faster when using the Mono scripting backend).
Note: If you use this option with the IL2CPP Scripting Backend it won’t impact performance; however, using it can avoid undefined behavior on release builds.
|Vertex Compression||Set vertex compression per channel. For example, you can enable compression for everything except positions and lightmap UVs. Whole Mesh compression set per imported object overrides where vertex compression is set on objects. Everything else obeys these vertex compression settings.|
|Optimize Mesh Data||Enable this option to remove any data from Meshes that is not required by the Material applied to them (such as tangents, normals, colors, and UVs).|
Select what type of logging to allow in specific contexts.
Check one box that corresponds to each Log Type (Error, Assert, Warning, Log, and Exception) when running scripts (ScriptOnly) , all the time (Full), or never (None).
Enable the Clamp BlendShapes (Deprecated) option to clamp the range of blend shape weights in SkinnedMeshRenderers.
Use the Publishing Settings to configure how Unity builds your Android app. To open the Publishing Settings, go to Edit > Project Settings, select Player, select the Android icon, and open the Publishing Settings panel.
This section describes the different parts of the Publishing Settings panel and what they do. These include:
Note: For security reasons, Unity doesn’t save your Keystore or Project Key passwords.
Use the Keystore Manager window to create, configure and load your keys and keystores.
You can load existing keystores and keys from either the Keystore Manager or the main Android Publishing panel. If you choose to load these from inside the Keystore Manager, Unity automatically fills the Project Keystore and Project Key fields.
For further information see documentation on the Keystore Manager.
A keystore is a container that holds signing keys for application security. For details, see Android developer documentation: Android keystore system.
Use the Project Keystore settings to choose which keystore to use for the open project. When you load a keystore, Unity loads all of the keys in that keystore. To load and use an existing keystore in your open project:
If you don’t have an existing keystore, leave Custom Keystore disabled.
Unity uses a debug keystore to sign your application. A debug keystore is a working keystore. It allows you to sign the application and to test it locally. However, the app store will decline apps signed in this way. This is because the app store is unable to verify the validity and ownership of the application using a debug keystore.
|Custom Keystore||Enable Custom Keystore to load and use an existing Keystore.|
|Select||When Custom Keystore is enabled, use this to select the keystore you want to use. The keystores below the partition in the Select dropdown are stored in a predefined dedicated location. For more details, see Choosing your keystore location.|
|Path||You do not need to enter your keystore path. Unity provides this based on the keystore you choose.|
|Password||Enter your keystore password to load your chosen keystore.|
When you load a keystore, Unity loads all of the keys in that keystore. Use the Project Key settings to choose one key from that keystore to use as the active key for the open project.
|Alias||Select the key you want to use for the open project.|
|Password||Enter your key Password.|
By default, Unity builds your application with the Android manifests, Gradle templates and Proguard files provided with the Unity installation. Use the Build section of the Android Publishing Settings to change these.
To use a custom Android manifest, Gradle template or Proguard file:
The settings in the Build section only apply to the build process for the current project.
|Custom Main Manifest||Customisable version of the Android
|Custom Launcher Manifest||Customisable version of the Android
|Custom Main Gradle Template||Customisable version of the
|Custom Launcher Gradle Template||Customisable version of the
|Custom Base Gradle Template||Customisable version of the
|Custom Gradle Properties Template||Customisable version of the
- The JVM (Java Virtual Machine) memory configuration.
- A property to allow Gradle to build using multiple JVMs.
- A property for choosing the tool to do the minification.
- A property to not compress native libs when building an app bundle.
|Custom Proguard File||Customisable version of the proguard.txt file. This file contains configuration settings for the minification process. If minification removes some Java code which should be kept, you should add a rule to keep that code in this file. For further information see documentation on Minification.|
Minification is a process which shrinks, obfuscates and optimises the code in your application. It can reduce the code size and make the code harder to disassemble. Use the Minify settings to define when and how Unity should apply minification to your build.
In most cases, it’s good practice to only apply minification to release builds, and not debug builds. This is because minification takes time, and can make the builds slower. It can also make debugging more complicated due to the optimisation that the code undergoes.
The settings in the Minify section only apply to the build process for the current project.
|Use R8||By default, Unity uses Proguard for minification. Enable this checkbox to use R8 instead.|
|Release||Enable this checkbox if you want Unity to minify your application’s code in release builds.|
|Debug||Enable this checkbox if you want Unity to minify your application’s code in debug builds.|
Enable the Split Application Binary option to split your output package into main (APK) and expansion (OBB) packages. The Google Play Store requires this if you want to publish applications larger than 100 MB.
Note: Built-in support for XR SDKs is deprecated and will be retired in a future version of Unity. Use the Unity XR Plug-in System instead. For more information, see XR Plug-in Architecture.
|Virtual Reality Supported||Enable this if your application is a virtual reality application, then add the required VR SDKs to the list.|
|Virtual Reality SDKs||Add and remove Virtual Reality SDKs from the list. This list is only available when the Virtual Reality Supported is enabled.
To add an SDK to the list, click the plus (+) button.
To remove an SDK from the list, select it and then click the minus (-) button.
Some of the SDKs provide extra settings that appear here. For details, see XR SDKs.
|Stereo Rendering Mode||Choose how you want to render for a virtual reality device.|
|Multi Pass||This is the normal rendering mode. Unity renders the Scene twice: first to render the left-eye image; and then again for the right-eye image.|
|Single Pass Multiview or Instanced (Preview)||Render both eye images at the same time into one packed Render Texture. This means that the whole Scene is only rendered once, which significantly reduces CPU processing time.|