Occlusion Map
Secondary Maps (Detail Maps) & Detail Mask

Emission

Emission controls the color and intensity of light emitted from the surface. When you use an emissive Material in your Scene, it appears as a visible source of light. The GameObject appears to be self-illuminated.

Emissive materials are usually used on GameObjects where some part should appear to be lit up from inside, such as the screen of a monitor, the disc brakes of a car braking at high speed, glowing buttons on a control panel, or a monster’s eyes which are visible in the dark.

You can define basic emissive materials with a single color and emission level. To enable the Emission property, tick the Emission checkbox. This enables the Color and Global Illumination sub-properties. Click the Color box to open the HDR Color panel. Here you can alter the color of the illumination and the intensity of the emission:

A material with an orange emission color, and an emission brightness of 0.5
A material with an orange emission color, and an emission brightness of 0.5

GameObjects that use these materials appear to remain bright even in dark areas of your Scene.

Red, Green and Blue spheres using emissive materials. Even though they are in a dark Scene, they appear to be lit from an internal light source.
Red, Green and Blue spheres using emissive materials. Even though they are in a dark Scene, they appear to be lit from an internal light source.

As well as simple control over emission using a flat color and brightness setting, you can assign an emission map to this parameter. As with the other texture map parameters, this gives you much finer control over which areas of your material appear to emit light.

If a texture map is assigned, the full color values of the texture are used for the emission color and brightness. You can use the emission value intensity field to boost or reduce the overall emission level of your material.

Se muestra en el inspector, Izquierda: Un mapa de emisiones para un terminal de computadora. Tiene dos pantallas brillantes y teclas brillantes en un teclado. Derecha: El material emisivo usando el mapa de emisiones. El material tiene áreas emisivas y no emisivas.
Se muestra en el inspector, Izquierda: Un mapa de emisiones para un terminal de computadora. Tiene dos pantallas brillantes y teclas brillantes en un teclado. Derecha: El material emisivo usando el mapa de emisiones. El material tiene áreas emisivas y no emisivas.
En esta imagen, hay áreas de niveles altos y bajos de luz y sombras que caen a través de las áreas emisivas, lo que da una representación completa de cómo los materiales emisivos se ven bajo condiciones de luz variables.
En esta imagen, hay áreas de niveles altos y bajos de luz y sombras que caen a través de las áreas emisivas, lo que da una representación completa de cómo los materiales emisivos se ven bajo condiciones de luz variables.

As well as the emission color and brightness, the Emission parameter has a Global Illumination setting, allowing you to specify how the light emitted from this Material affects the contextual lighting of other nearby GameObjects. There are three options

  • Realtime - Unity adds the emissive light from this Material to the Realtime Global Illumination calculations for the Scene. This means that this emissive light affects the illumination of nearby GameObjects, including ones that are moving.

  • Baked - Unity bakes the emissive light from this Material into the static Global Illumination lighting for the Scene. This Material affects the lighting on other nearby static GameObjects, while Light Probes still affect dynamic GameObjects.

  • None - The emissive light from this Material does not affect Realtime lightmaps, Baked lightmaps or Light Probes in the Scene, and does not illuminate or affect other GameObjects. The Material itself does have the emission color.

Baked emissive values from the computer terminals emission map light up the surrounding areas in this dark Scene
Baked emissive values from the computer terminal’s emission map light up the surrounding areas in this dark Scene

Occlusion Map
Secondary Maps (Detail Maps) & Detail Mask