Important: UNet is a deprecated solution, and a new Multiplayer and NetworkingThe Unity system that enables multiplayer gaming across a computer network. More info
See in Glossary Solution (Netcode for GameObjects) is under development. For more information and next steps see the information on the Unity Netcode for GameObjects website.
Unity Multiplayer can make use of an encryption Plug-inA set of code created outside of Unity that creates functionality in Unity. There are two kinds of plug-ins you can use in Unity: Managed plug-ins (managed .NET assemblies created with tools like Visual Studio) and Native plug-ins (platform-specific native code libraries). More info
See in Glossary, so that all data you send over the network passes through the encryption plug-in before being sent. This allows you to protect your game against cheating by packet manipulation and attacks on your dedicated game servers.
Unity Multiplayer does not have a built-in encryption plug-in, so you must provide your own plug-in that implements an encryption algorithm, and which implements the mandatory functions listed further below.
The following diagram illustrates how Unity Multiplayer uses your encryption Plug-in, if you provide one.
To instruct your game or app to use an encryption Plug-in, you must call
path is the path to your compiled plugin. Typically on Windows it will be
When you call this function, Unity checks the file exists, and that it implements all the mandatory functions (listed below). These are the functions that Unity’s multiplayer system itself will call. If you create your own encryption plugin, you will likely need to add more functions that you call from your C# code. For example, to initialise your algorithm or to provide your plug-in with key values. You can do this in the usual way for native plugins callable from C#.
Note: The location of a plugin in the built version of your game is not necessarily the same as in your Assets folder, and it may differ between target platforms. You may need to write code that detects the current runtime environment and select the correct path based on that.
You can get a sample encryption plugin and a sample Unity project using it from Unity’s GitHub. This is provided to illustrate a starting point for implementing your own Plug-in.
Any encryption Plug-in you create or use must provide the following functions. Unity will fail to load the plug-in if it does not define these. These are the functions that will be called by the Unity runtime itself. Plugins will typically provide additional functions to be called from the user’s C# code, for example for registering keys.
int UNetEncryptionLib_Encrypt( void * payload, int payload_len, void * dest, int & dest_len, int connection_id, bool isConnect);
This function performs the encryption. This is called by Unity’s networking whenever a packet is to be sent over the network.
Encrypt must return zero on success. On any other return value, the runtime will drop the packet without sending it.
int UNetEncryptionLib_Decrypt( void * payload, int payload_len, void * dest, int & dest_len, int & key_id);
This function performs the decryption. This is called by Unity networking whenever a packet is received from the network.
payloadis the received packet.
payload_lenis the length in bytes of the payload buffer.
destis the buffer into which the plugin should write the decrypted data.
dest_lenis the capacity in bytes of the dest buffer. The plugin must replace this value with the number of bytes actually written into dest.
key_idis an integer identifier. The plugin should write a value that uniquely identifies the decryption key used. On the server this value will be passed back into
ConnectionIdAssignedif a new connection is accepted.
Decrypt must return zero on success. On any other return value, the packet is dropped without being processed further.
unsigned short UNetEncryptionLib_SafeMaxPacketSize( unsigned short mtu);
You should call this function from your game to modify
ConnectionConfig.PacketSize (also known as the maximum transmission unit, or MTU) before calling
For example, your game might normally use an MTU of 1000 bytes. If
ConnectionConfig.PacketSize is set to 1000 bytes before passing it into
HostConfig.DefaultConfig), then the NetworkTransport layer will send no more than 1000 bytes of cleartext in a single packet.
An encryption plugin will typically add some overhead due to header information placed before the payload, as well as rounding-up the payload to an encryption block size. For example, if you are sending 18 bytes of cleartext, and the plug-in needs to add 49 bytes of header and using AES to encrypt data with a block size of 16 bytes, then the algorithm would produce a packet of 81 bytes (18 bytes of cleartext rounds up to 32 bytes of ciphertext, and then an additional 49 bytes of header).
Unity calls this function to ensure that packets that are about to be sent do not go over the limit of what’s possible to send, given the network MTU and your encryption algorithm’s ciphertext expansion and padding.
mtuis the maximum transmission unit. The largest packet size that you want the plugin to generate.
The maximum amount of cleartext that should be provided to a single call to Encrypt, in order for the plugin to generate packets not larger than the MTU.
You must set the maximum packet size in your connection config to tell Unity Multiplayer to split data up so that it fits your encryption requirements. If you notice that some of your messages do not successfully transmit over the network, it could be because they were dropped due to exceeding the maximum packet size.
void UNetEncryptionLib_ConnectionIdAssigned( int key_id, unsigned short connection_id);
This is called on the server when a new connection has been accepted and an ID assigned to it.
key_idThe key identifier, which was written by the corresponding previous call to
Decryptfor this packet.
connection_idThe connection id that will be used from this point forth. In particular, as a parameter to subsequent
Encryptcalls when sending packets back to the client.