public static Object Instantiate (Object original);
public static Object Instantiate (Object original, Transform parent);
public static Object Instantiate (Object original, Transform parent, bool worldPositionStays);
public static Object Instantiate (Object original, Vector3 position, Quaternion rotation);
public static Object Instantiate (Object original, Vector3 position, Quaternion rotation, Transform parent);

파라미터

original An existing object that you want to make a copy of.
position Position for the new object (default Vector3.zero).
rotation Orientation of the new object (default Quaternion.identity).
parent The transform the object will be parented to.
worldPositionStays If when assigning the parent the original world position should be maintained.

반환

Object A clone of the original object.

설명

Returns a copy of the object original.

This function makes a clone of an object in a similar way to the Duplicate command in the editor. If you are cloning a GameObject, or something attached to a GameObject, then you can also optionally specify its position and rotation.

If you are cloning a Component, then the GameObject it is attached to will also be cloned.

When you clone a GameObject or Component, all child objects and components will also be cloned, along with their properties. However, the parent property of the cloned object will be null, so it will not be part of the object hierarchy of the original. However, you can still set the parent using the overloaded methods or explicitly.

The active status of a GameObject at the time of cloning will be passed, so if the original is inactive then the clone will be created in an inactive state too.

For an in-depth tutorial of Instantiate and its uses, visit: In depth Prefab Instantiate discussion.

In this example, we instantiate 10 copies of a prefab object in a line along the x axis.

using UnityEngine;

public class InstantiateExample : MonoBehaviour { public GameObject prefab;

void Start() { for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) Instantiate(prefab, new Vector3(i * 2.0f, 0, 0), Quaternion.identity); } }

Instantiate can also clone script instances directly. The game object hierarchy will be cloned and the cloned script instance will be returned.

After cloning an object you can also use GetComponent to set properties on a specific component attached to the cloned object.

using UnityEngine;

public class InstantiateComponentExample : MonoBehaviour { // Instantiate a prefab with an attached Missile script public Missile missilePrefab;

void Start() { // Instantiate the missile at the position and rotation of this object's transform Missile clone = (Missile)Instantiate(missilePrefab, transform.position, transform.rotation); } }

public static T Instantiate (T original);

파라미터

original Object of type T that you want to make a clone of.

반환

T Object of type T.

설명

You can also use Generics to instantiate objects. See the Generic Functions page for more details.

In this example, we instantiate our Missile object again, but by using Generics we don't need to cast the result:

using UnityEngine;

public class InstantiateGenericsExample : MonoBehaviour { public Missile missile;

void Start () { Missile missileCopy = Instantiate<Missile>(missile); } }