Version: 2017.1 (switch to 2017.2b)
LanguageEnglish
  • C#
  • JS

Script language

Select your preferred scripting language. All code snippets will be displayed in this language.

CanvasScaler

class in UnityEngine.UI

/

Inherits from:EventSystems.UIBehaviour

Suggest a change

Success!

Thank you for helping us improve the quality of Unity Documentation. Although we cannot accept all submissions, we do read each suggested change from our users and will make updates where applicable.

Close

Submission failed

For some reason your suggested change could not be submitted. Please <a>try again</a> in a few minutes. And thank you for taking the time to help us improve the quality of Unity Documentation.

Close

Cancel

Description

The Canvas Scaler component is used for controlling the overall scale and pixel density of UI elements in the Canvas. This scaling affects everything under the Canvas, including font sizes and image borders.

For a Canvas set to 'Screen Space - Overlay' or 'Screen Space - Camera', the Canvas Scaler UI Scale Mode can be set to Constant Pixel Size, Scale With Screen Size, or Constant Physical Size.

Using the Constant Pixel Size mode, positions and sizes of UI elements are specified in pixels on the screen. This is also the default functionality of the Canvas when no Canvas Scaler is attached. However, With the Scale Factor setting in the Canvas Scaler, a constant scaling can be applied to all UI elements in the Canvas.

Using the Scale With Screen Size mode, positions and sizes can be specified according to the pixels of a specified reference resolution. If the current screen resolution is larger then the reference resolution, the Canvas will keep having only the resolution of the reference resolution, but will scale up in order to fit the screen. If the current screen resolution is smaller than the reference resolution, the Canvas will similarly be scaled down to fit. If the current screen resolution has a different aspect ratio than the reference resolution, scaling each axis individually to fit the screen would result in non-uniform scaling, which is generally undesirable. Instead of this, the ReferenceResolution component will make the Canvas resolution deviate from the reference resolution in order to respect the aspect ratio of the screen. It is possible to control how this deviation should behave using the screenMatchMode setting.

Using the Constant Physical Size mode, positions and sizes of UI elements are specified in physical units, such as millimeters, points, or picas. This mode relies on the device reporting its screen DPI correctly. You can specify a fallback DPI to use for devices that do not report a DPI.

For a Canvas set to 'World Space' the Canvas Scaler can be used to control the pixel density of UI elements in the Canvas.

See Also: Canvas.

Variables

defaultSpriteDPIThe pixels per inch to use for sprites that have a 'Pixels Per Unit' setting that matches the 'Reference Pixels Per Unit' setting.
dynamicPixelsPerUnitThe amount of pixels per unit to use for dynamically created bitmaps in the UI, such as Text.
fallbackScreenDPIThe DPI to assume if the screen DPI is not known.
matchWidthOrHeightSetting to scale the Canvas to match the width or height of the reference resolution, or a combination.
physicalUnitThe physical unit to specify positions and sizes in.
referencePixelsPerUnitIf a sprite has this 'Pixels Per Unit' setting, then one pixel in the sprite will cover one unit in the UI.
referenceResolutionThe resolution the UI layout is designed for.
scaleFactorScales all UI elements in the Canvas by this factor.
screenMatchModeA mode used to scale the canvas area if the aspect ratio of the current resolution doesn't fit the reference resolution.
uiScaleModeDetermines how UI elements in the Canvas are scaled.

Protected Functions

HandleMethod that handles calculations of canvas scaling.
HandleConstantPhysicalSizeHandles canvas scaling for a constant physical size.
HandleConstantPixelSizeHandles canvas scaling for a constant pixel size.
HandleScaleWithScreenSizeHandles canvas scaling that scales with the screen size.
HandleWorldCanvasHandles canvas scaling for world canvas.
OnDisableSee MonoBehaviour.OnDisable.
SetReferencePixelsPerUnitSets the referencePixelsPerUnit on the Canvas.
SetScaleFactorSets the scale factor on the canvas.
UpdateHandles per-frame checking if the canvas scaling needs to be updated.

Inherited members

Variables

enabledEnabled Behaviours are Updated, disabled Behaviours are not.
isActiveAndEnabledHas the Behaviour had enabled called.
gameObjectThe game object this component is attached to. A component is always attached to a game object.
tagThe tag of this game object.
transformThe Transform attached to this GameObject.
runInEditModeAllow a specific instance of a MonoBehaviour to run in edit mode (only available in the editor).
useGUILayoutDisabling this lets you skip the GUI layout phase.
hideFlagsShould the object be hidden, saved with the scene or modifiable by the user?
nameThe name of the object.

Public Functions

BroadcastMessageCalls the method named methodName on every MonoBehaviour in this game object or any of its children.
CompareTagIs this game object tagged with tag ?
GetComponentReturns the component of Type type if the game object has one attached, null if it doesn't.
GetComponentInChildrenReturns the component of Type type in the GameObject or any of its children using depth first search.
GetComponentInParentReturns the component of Type type in the GameObject or any of its parents.
GetComponentsReturns all components of Type type in the GameObject.
GetComponentsInChildrenReturns all components of Type type in the GameObject or any of its children.
GetComponentsInParentReturns all components of Type type in the GameObject or any of its parents.
SendMessageCalls the method named methodName on every MonoBehaviour in this game object.
SendMessageUpwardsCalls the method named methodName on every MonoBehaviour in this game object and on every ancestor of the behaviour.
CancelInvokeCancels all Invoke calls on this MonoBehaviour.
InvokeInvokes the method methodName in time seconds.
InvokeRepeatingInvokes the method methodName in time seconds, then repeatedly every repeatRate seconds.
IsInvokingIs any invoke on methodName pending?
StartCoroutineStarts a coroutine.
StopAllCoroutinesStops all coroutines running on this behaviour.
StopCoroutineStops the first coroutine named methodName, or the coroutine stored in routine running on this behaviour.
GetInstanceIDReturns the instance id of the object.
ToStringReturns the name of the game object.
IsActiveReturns true if the GameObject and the Component are active.
IsDestroyedReturns true if the native representation of the behaviour has been destroyed.

Protected Functions

AwakeSee MonoBehaviour.Awake.
OnBeforeTransformParentChangedSee MonoBehaviour.OnBeforeTransformParentChanged.
OnCanvasGroupChangedSee MonoBehaviour.OnCanvasGroupChanged.
OnCanvasHierarchyChangedCalled when the state of the parent Canvas is changed.
OnDestroySee MonoBehaviour.OnDestroy.
OnDidApplyAnimationPropertiesSee LayoutGroup.OnDidApplyAnimationProperties.
OnEnableSee MonoBehaviour.OnEnable.
OnRectTransformDimensionsChangeThis callback is called if an associated RectTransform has its dimensions changed. The call is also made to all child rect transforms, even if the child transform itself doesn't change - as it could have, depending on its anchoring.
OnTransformParentChangedSee MonoBehaviour.OnRectTransformParentChanged.
OnValidateSee MonoBehaviour.OnValidate.
ResetSee MonoBehaviour.Reset.
StartSee MonoBehaviour.Start.

Static Functions

printLogs message to the Unity Console (identical to Debug.Log).
DestroyRemoves a gameobject, component or asset.
DestroyImmediateDestroys the object obj immediately. You are strongly recommended to use Destroy instead.
DontDestroyOnLoadMakes the object target not be destroyed automatically when loading a new scene.
FindObjectOfTypeReturns the first active loaded object of Type type.
FindObjectsOfTypeReturns a list of all active loaded objects of Type type.
InstantiateClones the object original and returns the clone.

Operators

boolDoes the object exist?
operator !=Compares if two objects refer to a different object.
operator ==Compares two object references to see if they refer to the same object.

Messages

AwakeAwake is called when the script instance is being loaded.
FixedUpdateThis function is called every fixed framerate frame, if the MonoBehaviour is enabled.
LateUpdateLateUpdate is called every frame, if the Behaviour is enabled.
OnAnimatorIKCallback for setting up animation IK (inverse kinematics).
OnAnimatorMoveCallback for processing animation movements for modifying root motion.
OnApplicationFocusSent to all GameObjects when the player gets or loses focus.
OnApplicationPauseSent to all GameObjects when the application pauses.
OnApplicationQuitSent to all game objects before the application is quit.
OnAudioFilterReadIf OnAudioFilterRead is implemented, Unity will insert a custom filter into the audio DSP chain.
OnBecameInvisibleOnBecameInvisible is called when the renderer is no longer visible by any camera.
OnBecameVisibleOnBecameVisible is called when the renderer became visible by any camera.
OnCollisionEnterOnCollisionEnter is called when this collider/rigidbody has begun touching another rigidbody/collider.
OnCollisionEnter2DSent when an incoming collider makes contact with this object's collider (2D physics only).
OnCollisionExitOnCollisionExit is called when this collider/rigidbody has stopped touching another rigidbody/collider.
OnCollisionExit2DSent when a collider on another object stops touching this object's collider (2D physics only).
OnCollisionStayOnCollisionStay is called once per frame for every collider/rigidbody that is touching rigidbody/collider.
OnCollisionStay2DSent each frame where a collider on another object is touching this object's collider (2D physics only).
OnConnectedToServerCalled on the client when you have successfully connected to a server.
OnControllerColliderHitOnControllerColliderHit is called when the controller hits a collider while performing a Move.
OnDestroyThis function is called when the MonoBehaviour will be destroyed.
OnDisconnectedFromServerCalled on the client when the connection was lost or you disconnected from the server.
OnDrawGizmosImplement OnDrawGizmos if you want to draw gizmos that are also pickable and always drawn.
OnDrawGizmosSelectedImplement OnDrawGizmosSelected to draw a gizmo if the object is selected.
OnEnableThis function is called when the object becomes enabled and active.
OnFailedToConnectCalled on the client when a connection attempt fails for some reason.
OnFailedToConnectToMasterServerCalled on clients or servers when there is a problem connecting to the MasterServer.
OnGUIOnGUI is called for rendering and handling GUI events.
OnJointBreakCalled when a joint attached to the same game object broke.
OnJointBreak2DCalled when a Joint2D attached to the same game object breaks.
OnMasterServerEventCalled on clients or servers when reporting events from the MasterServer.
OnMouseDownOnMouseDown is called when the user has pressed the mouse button while over the GUIElement or Collider.
OnMouseDragOnMouseDrag is called when the user has clicked on a GUIElement or Collider and is still holding down the mouse.
OnMouseEnterCalled when the mouse enters the GUIElement or Collider.
OnMouseExitCalled when the mouse is not any longer over the GUIElement or Collider.
OnMouseOverCalled every frame while the mouse is over the GUIElement or Collider.
OnMouseUpOnMouseUp is called when the user has released the mouse button.
OnMouseUpAsButtonOnMouseUpAsButton is only called when the mouse is released over the same GUIElement or Collider as it was pressed.
OnNetworkInstantiateCalled on objects which have been network instantiated with Network.Instantiate.
OnParticleCollisionOnParticleCollision is called when a particle hits a Collider.
OnParticleTriggerOnParticleTrigger is called when any particles in a particle system meet the conditions in the trigger module.
OnPlayerConnectedCalled on the server whenever a new player has successfully connected.
OnPlayerDisconnectedCalled on the server whenever a player disconnected from the server.
OnPostRenderOnPostRender is called after a camera finished rendering the scene.
OnPreCullOnPreCull is called before a camera culls the scene.
OnPreRenderOnPreRender is called before a camera starts rendering the scene.
OnRenderImageOnRenderImage is called after all rendering is complete to render image.
OnRenderObjectOnRenderObject is called after camera has rendered the scene.
OnSerializeNetworkViewUsed to customize synchronization of variables in a script watched by a network view.
OnServerInitializedCalled on the server whenever a Network.InitializeServer was invoked and has completed.
OnTransformChildrenChangedThis function is called when the list of children of the transform of the GameObject has changed.
OnTransformParentChangedThis function is called when the parent property of the transform of the GameObject has changed.
OnTriggerEnterOnTriggerEnter is called when the Collider other enters the trigger.
OnTriggerEnter2DSent when another object enters a trigger collider attached to this object (2D physics only).
OnTriggerExitOnTriggerExit is called when the Collider other has stopped touching the trigger.
OnTriggerExit2DSent when another object leaves a trigger collider attached to this object (2D physics only).
OnTriggerStayOnTriggerStay is called once per frame for every Collider other that is touching the trigger.
OnTriggerStay2DSent each frame where another object is within a trigger collider attached to this object (2D physics only).
OnValidateThis function is called when the script is loaded or a value is changed in the inspector (Called in the editor only).
OnWillRenderObjectOnWillRenderObject is called for each camera if the object is visible.
ResetReset to default values.
StartStart is called on the frame when a script is enabled just before any of the Update methods is called the first time.