Version: 2019.1 (switch to 2018.4
iOS Scripting
Advanced Unity Mobile Scripting
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iOS Game Controller support

Unity supports a standardized Game ControllerA device to control objects and characters in a game.
See in Glossary
Input API provided by Apple as part of the standard Unity Input API.

Detecting attached Game Controllers

Calling Input.GetJoystickNames will enumerate the names of all attached controllers. Names follow the pattern: [$profile_type,$connection_type] joystick $number by $model. $profile_type might be either “basic” or “extended”, $connection_type is either “wired” or “wireless”. It could be used to detect the kind of connected controller. It is worth re-checking this list every few seconds to detect if controllers have been attached or detached. Here’s a C# example:

private bool connected = false;

IEnumerator CheckForControllers() {
    while (true) {
        var controllers = Input.GetJoystickNames();
        if (!connected && controllers.Length > 0) {
            connected = true;
            Debug.Log("Connected");
        } else if (connected && controllers.Length == 0) {
            connected = false;
            Debug.Log("Disconnected");
        }
        yield return new WaitForSeconds(1f);
    }
}

void Awake() {
    StartCoroutine(CheckForControllers());
}

When controllers are detected you can either hide on-screen touch controls or amend them to supplement controller input. The next task is to check for Game Controller input.

Handling input

The actual input scheme is highly dependent on the type of game you are developing. But it’s essentially about reading axes and button states. Take the following 2D game stage as a simple example:

The player controls the bean character, which can move right or left, jump and fire at the bad guys. By default, the Unity Input “Horizontal” axis is mapped to basic profile game controller D-pad and the left analog stick on extended profile controllers. So the code used to move the character back and forth is pretty simple:

float h = Input.GetAxis("Horizontal");
if (h * rigidbody2D.velocity.x < maxSpeed)
    rigidbody2D.AddForce(Vector2.right * h * moveForce);

You can set up jump and fire actions in Unity’s Input settings.

  • Access it from the Unity editor menu as follows: Edit > Project SettingsA broad collection of settings which allow you to configure how Physics, Audio, Networking, Graphics, Input and many other areas of your Project behave. More info
    See in Glossary
    , then select the Input category.

  • Pick joystick button “A” for the “Jump” action and “X” for “Fire”.

  • Open the following actions in the Unity Input settings and specify “joystick button 14” for “Jump” and “joystick button 15” for “Fire”.

The code handling then looks like this:

if (Input.GetButtonDown("Jump") && grounded) {
    rigidbody2D.AddForce(new Vector2(0f, jumpForce));
}

if (Input.GetButtonDown("Fire")) {
    Rigidbody2D bulletInstance = Instantiate(rocket, transform.position, Quaternion.Euler(new Vector3(0,0,0))) as Rigidbody2D;
    bulletInstance.velocity = new Vector2(speed, 0);
}

The following cheatsheet should help you map controller input in the Unity Input settings:

Name KeyCode Axis
A joystick button 14 joystick axis 14
B joystick button 13 joystick axis 13
X joystick button 15 joystick axis 15
Y joystick button 12 joystick axis 12
Left Stick N/A Axis 1 (X) - Horizontal, Axis 2 (Y) - Vertical
Right Stick N/A Axis 3 - Horizontal, Axis 4 - Vertical
D-pad Up joystick button 4 Basic profile only: Axis 2 (Y)
D-pad Right joystick button 5 Basic profile only: Axis 1 (X)
D-pad Down joystick button 6 Basic profile only: Axis 2 (Y)
D-pad Left joystick button 7 Basic profile only: Axis 1 (X)
Pause joystick button 0 N/A
L1/R1 joystick button 8 / joystick button 9 joystick axis 8 / joystick axis 9
L2/R2 joystick button 10 / joystick button 11 joystick axis 10 / joystick axis 11

Final notes on Game Controller API support

Unity only includes the Game Controller framework in the project if a script in the project references Input.GetJoystickNames. Unity iOSApple’s mobile operating system. More info
See in Glossary
Runtime loads the framework dynamically, if it is available.

Apple documentation explicitly states that controller input must be optional and your game should be playable without them.


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iOS Scripting
Advanced Unity Mobile Scripting