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iOS 2D Texture Overrides

When you are building for different platforms, you have to think about the resolution of your textures for the target platform, the size and the quality. You can set default options and then override the defaults for a specific platform.

This page details the Texture Overrides specific to iOS. A description of the general Texture Overrides can be found here.

Texture Format What internal representation is used for the texture. This is a tradeoff between size and quality. In the examples below we show the final size of a in-game texture of 256 by 256 pixels:
        RGB Compressed PVRTC 4 bits Compressed RGB texture. This is the most common format for diffuse textures. 4 bits per pixel (32 KB for a 256x256 texture)
        RGBA Compressed PVRTC 4 bits Compressed RGBA texture. This is the main format used for diffuse & specular control textures or diffuse textures with transparency. 4 bits per pixel (32 KB for a 256x256 texture).
        RGB Compressed PVRTC 2 bits Compressed RGB texture. Lower quality format suitable for diffuse textures. 2 bits per pixel (16 KB for a 256x256 texture).
        RGBA Compressed PVRTC 2 bits Compressed RGBA texture. Lower quality format suitable for diffuse & specular control textures. 2 bits per pixel (16 KB for a 256x256 texture).
        RGB Compressed ASTC 4x4 block

        RGB Compressed ASTC 5x5 block

        RGB Compressed ASTC 6x6 block

        RGB Compressed ASTC 8x8 block

        RGB Compressed ASTC 10x10 block

        RGB Compressed ASTC 12x12 block
Compressed RGB Texture. Supported by all OpenGL ES 3.2 and OpenGL ES 3.1+AEP GPUs, as well as by some OpenGL ES 3.0 GPUs. This compression type uses fixed 128-bit block size, and depending on the pixel block size (4x4 to 12x12), it may utilize 8 to 0.89 bits per pixel. The size of the compressed Texture varies from 64 KB for a 256x256 Texture (4x4 block, highest quality) to 7.6 KB for a 256x256 Texture (12x12 block, highest compression rate).
        RGBA Compressed ASTC 4x4 block

        RGBA Compressed ASTC 5x5 block

        RGBA Compressed ASTC 6x6 block

        RGBA Compressed ASTC 8x8 block

        RGBA Compressed ASTC 10x10 block

        RGBA Compressed ASTC 12x12 block
Compressed RGBA Texture. Supported by all OpenGL ES 3.2 and OpenGL ES 3.1+AEP GPUs, as well as by some OpenGL ES 3.0 GPUs. This compression type uses fixed 128-bit block size, and depending on the pixel block size (4x4 to 12x12), it may utilize 8 to 0.89 bits per pixel. The size of the compressed Texture varies from 64 KB for a 256x256 Texture (4x4 block, highest quality) to 7.6 KB for a 256x256 Texture (12x12 block, highest compression rate).
        RGB Compressed ETC 4 bits Compressed RGB Texture. This is the default Texture format for Android projects in Unity. ETC_RGB4 is a part of OpenGL ES 2.0 and is supported by all OpenGL ES 2.0 GPUs. It does not support alpha. 4 bits per pixel (32 KB for a 256x256 Texture).
        RGB Crunched ETC Compressed RGB Texture. Crunch is a lossy compression format on top of ETC Texture compression. Textures are decompressed to ETC_RGB4 by the CPU and then uploaded to the GPU at runtime. Crunch produces smaller Textures than by regular ETC_RGB4 compression, but with lower quality. Crunch Textures can take a long time to compress, but decompression at runtime is very fast. ETC_RGB4 is a part of OpenGL ES 2.0 and is supported by all OpenGL ES 2.0 GPUs. It does not support alpha. 4 bits per pixel (output size varies depending on the Texture - from 1 KB for a 256x256 Texture).
        RGBA Compressed ETC2 8 bits Compressed RGBA Texture. Supported by all OpenGL ES 3.0 GPUs. (64 KB for a 256x256 Texture).
        RGBA Crunched ETC2 Compressed RGBA Texture. Crunch is a lossy compression format on top of ETC Texture compression. Textures are decompressed to ETC2_RGBA8 on the CPU and then uploaded to the GPU at runtime. Crunch compression can be used to produce significantly smaller Textures than by regular ETC2_RGBA8 compression, but with lower quality. Crunch Textures can take a long time to compress, but decompression at runtime is very fast. Supported by all OpenGL ES 3.0 GPUs. 8 bits per pixel (output size varies depending on the Texture - from 1 KB for a 256x256 Texture).
        RGB 16 bit 65 thousand colors with no alpha. Uses more memory than PVRTC formats, but could be more suitable for UI or crisp textures without gradients. 128 KB for a 256x256 texture.
        RGB 24 bit Truecolor but without alpha. 192 KB for a 256x256 texture.
        Alpha 8 bit High quality alpha channel but without any color. 64 KB for a 256x256 texture.
        RGBA 16 bit Low-quality truecolor. Has 16 levels of red, green, blue and alpha. Uses more memory than PVRTC formats, but can be handy if you need exact alpha channel. 128 KB for a 256x256 texture.
        RGBA 32 bit Truecolor with alpha - this is the highest quality. At 256 KB for a 256x256 texture, this one is expensive. Most of the time, PVRTC formats offers sufficient quality at a much smaller size.
Compression quality Choose Fast for quickest performance, Best for the best image quality and Normal for a balance between the two.

  • 2017–09–18 Page amended with limited editorial review

  • Crunch compression format updated in Unity 2017.3

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