Version: 2018.2 (switch to 2018.1 or 2017.4)
Android Player Settings
Gradle for Android
Other Versions

Android 2D Textures Overrides

This page details the Texture OverridesPlatform-specific settings that allow you to set the resolution, file size with associated memory size requirements, pixel dimensions, and quality of your Textures for each target platform. More info
See in Glossary
specific to Android. A description of the general Texture Overrides can be found here.

The information contained on this page assumes the reader has working knowledge of DXT and ETC(Ericsson Texture Compression) A block-based texture format that compresses textures to significantly reduce file sizes without causing a noticable reduction in image quality. More info
See in Glossary
Texture compressionA method of storing data that reduces the amount of storage space it requires. See Texture Compression, Animation CompressionThe method of compressing animation data to significantly reduce file sizes without causing a noticable reduction in motion quality. Animation compression is a trade off between saving on memory and image quality. More info
See in Glossary
, Audio Compression, Build Compression.
See in Glossary
, OpenGL ES and Android development.

Further information about Texture compression3D Graphics hardware requires Textures to be compressed in specialised formats which are optimised for fast Texture sampling. More info
See in Glossary
and OpenGL ES can be found on the following Wikipedia pages:

Android 2D Texture Override settings
Android 2D Texture Override settings
Texture FormatA file format for handling textures during realtime rendering by 3D graphics hardware, such as a graphics card or mobile device. More info
See in Glossary
Internal representation
        RGB Compressed DXT1 Compressed RGB texture. Supported by NVIDIA Tegra. 4 bits per pixelThe smallest unit in a computer image. Pixel size depends on your screen resolution. Pixel lighting is calculated at every screen pixel. More info
See in Glossary
(32 KB for a 256x256 texture).
        RGB Crunched DXT1 Compressed RGB Texture. Supported by NVIDIA Tegra. Crunch is a lossy compression format on top of DXT Texture compression. Textures are decompressed to DXT1 by the CPU and then uploaded to the GPU at runtime. Crunch produces smaller Textures than by regular DXT1 compression, but with lower quality. Crunch Textures can take a long time to compress, but decompression at runtime is very fast. 4 bits per pixel (output size varies depending on the Texture - from 1 KB for a 256x256 Texture).
        RGBA Compressed DXT5 Compressed RGBA texture. Supported by NVIDIA Tegra. 8 bits per pixel (64 KB for a 256x256 texture).
        RGBA Crunched DXT5 Compressed RGBA Texture. Supported by NVIDIA Tegra. Crunch is a lossy compression format on top of DXT Texture compression. Textures are decompressed to DXT5 on the CPU and then uploaded to the GPU at runtime. Crunch compression can be used to produce significantly smaller Textures than by regular DXT5 compression, but with lower quality. Crunch Textures can take a long time to compress, but decompression at runtime is very fast. 8 bits per pixel (output size varies depending on the Texture - from 1 KB for a 256x256 Texture).
        RGB Compressed ETC 4 bits Compressed RGB Texture. This is the default Texture format for Android projects in Unity. ETC_RGB4 is a part of OpenGL ES 2.0 and is supported by all OpenGL ES 2.0 GPUs. It does not support alpha. 4 bits per pixel (32 KB for a 256x256 Texture).
        RGB Crunched ETC Compressed RGB Texture. Crunch is a lossy compression format on top of ETC Texture compression. Textures are decompressed to ETC_RGB4 by the CPU and then uploaded to the GPU at runtime. Crunch produces smaller Textures than by regular ETC_RGB4 compression, but with lower quality. Crunch Textures can take a long time to compress, but decompression at runtime is very fast. ETC_RGB4 is a part of OpenGL ES 2.0 and is supported by all OpenGL ES 2.0 GPUs. It does not support alpha. 4 bits per pixel (output size varies depending on the Texture - from 1 KB for a 256x256 Texture).
        RGB Compressed ETC2 4 bits Compressed RGB Texture. ETC2 is a part of OpenGL ES 3.0 and is supported by all OpenGL ES 3.0 GPUs. 4 bits per pixel (32 KB for a 256x256 Texture).
        RGB + 1-bit Alpha Compressed ETC2 4 bits Compressed RGB Texture with 1-bit punchthrough alpha. ETC2 is a part of OpenGL ES 3.0 and is supported by all OpenGL ES 3.0 GPUs. 4 bits per pixel (32 KB for a 256x256 Texture).
        RGBA Compressed ETC2 8 bits Compressed RGBA Texture. Supported by all OpenGL ES 3.0 GPUs. (64 KB for a 256x256 Texture)
        RGBA Crunched ETC2 Compressed RGBA Texture. Crunch is a lossy compression format on top of ETC Texture compression. Textures are decompressed to ETC2_RGBA8 on the CPU and then uploaded to the GPU at runtime. Crunch compression can be used to produce significantly smaller Textures than by regular ETC2_RGBA8 compression, but with lower quality. Crunch Textures can take a long time to compress, but decompression at runtime is very fast. Supported by all OpenGL ES 3.0 GPUs. 8 bits per pixel (output size varies depending on the Texture - from 1 KB for a 256x256 Texture).
        RGB Compressed PVRTC__ 2 bits__ Compressed RGB Texture. Supported by Imagination PowerVR GPUs. 2 bits per pixel (16 KB for a 256x256 Texture)
        RGBA Compressed PVRTC 2 bits Compressed RGBA Texture. Supported by Imagination PowerVR GPUs. 2 bits per pixel (16 KB for a 256x256 Texture)
        RGB Compressed PVRTC 4 bits Compressed RGB Texture. Supported by Imagination PowerVR GPUs. 4 bits per pixel (32 KB for a 256x256 Texture)
        RGBA Compressed PVRTC 4 bits Compressed RGBA Texture. Supported by Imagination PowerVR GPUs. 4 bits per pixel (32 KB for a 256x256 Texture)
        RGB Compressed ATC__ 4 bits__ Compressed RGB Texture. Supported by Qualcomm Snapdragon. 4 bits per pixel (32 KB for a 256x256 Texture).
        RGBA Compressed ATC 8 bits Compressed RGBA Texture. Supported by Qualcomm Snapdragon. 8 bits per pixel (64 KB for a 256x256 Texture).
        RGB Compressed ASTC 4x4 block

        RGB Compressed ASTC 5x5 block

        RGB Compressed ASTC 6x6 block

        RGB Compressed ASTC 8x8 block

        RGB Compressed ASTC 10x10 block

        RGB Compressed ASTC 12x12 block
Compressed RGB Texture. Supported by all OpenGL ES 3.2 and OpenGL ES 3.1+AEP GPUs, as well as by some OpenGL ES 3.0 GPUs. This compression type uses fixed 128-bit block size, and depending on the pixel block size (4x4 to 12x12), it may utilize 8 to 0.89 bits per pixel. The size of the compressed Texture varies from 64 KB for a 256x256 Texture (4x4 block, highest quality) to 7.6 KB for a 256x256 Texture (12x12 block, highest compression rate).
        RGBA Compressed ASTC 4x4 block

        RGBA Compressed ASTC 5x5 block

        RGBA Compressed ASTC 6x6 block

        RGBA Compressed ASTC 8x8 block

        RGBA Compressed ASTC 10x10 block

        RGBA Compressed ASTC 12x12 block
Compressed RGBA Texture. Supported by all OpenGL ES 3.2 and OpenGL ES 3.1+AEP GPUs, as well as by some OpenGL ES 3.0 GPUs. This compression type uses fixed 128-bit block size, and depending on the pixel block size (4x4 to 12x12), it may utilize 8 to 0.89 bits per pixel. The size of the compressed Texture varies from 64 KB for a 256x256 Texture (4x4 block, highest quality) to 7.6 KB for a 256x256 Texture (12x12 block, highest compression rate).
        RGB 16 bit 65 thousand colors with no alpha. Uses more memory than the compressed formats, but could be more suitable for UI(User Interface) Allows a user to interact with your application. More info
See in Glossary
or crisp Textures without gradients. 128 KB for a 256x256 Texture.
        RGB 24 bit Truecolor but without alpha. 192 KB for a 256x256 Texture.
        Alpha 8 bit High quality alpha channel but without any color. 64 KB for a 256x256 Texture.
        RGBA 16 bit Low-quality truecolor. The default compression for the Textures with alpha channel. 128 KB for a 256x256 Texture.
        RGBA 32 bit Truecolor with alpha - this is the highest quality compression for the Textures with alpha. 256 KB for a 256x256 Texture.
Compression quality Choose Fast for quickest performance, Best for the best image quality and Normal for a balance between the two.

If a your app is installed on a device that does not support the Texture compression format you have used, Unity will decompress the Textures to RGBA 32 and store them in the device’s memory—along with the compressed Textures—when the app is running. This will lead to increased loading times and higher memory usage as Unity must decompress the Textures and store two versions of the Textures used (compressed and uncompressed).This can also have a large impact on renderingThe process of drawing graphics to the screen (or to a render texture). By default, the main camera in Unity renders its view to the screen. More info
See in Glossary
performance, especially on older, slower devices.

Use ETC2 compression unless you are targeting specific hardware (like Nvidia Tegra). ETC2 supports Textures with and without an alpha channel and is supported by all OpenGL ES 3 devices. To avoid software decompression, set the minimum graphics API to OpenGL ES 3 in the Player SettingsA settings manager that lets you set various player-specific options for the final game built by Unity. More info
See in Glossary
window by removing OpenGL ES 2 from the graphics API list and setting the Minimum API Level to 18+.

To target OpenGL ES 2 and OpenGL ES 3 devices, you can create two different APKs by first building an APKThe Android Package format output by Unity. An APK is automatically deployed to your device when you select File > Build & Run. More info
See in Glossary
targeting OpenGL ES 3, as shown above, and then building an APK targeting OpenGL ES 2 by removing OpenGL ES 2 and Vulcan from the Graphics API section of the PlayerSettings window. You can then publish both of these APKs to the Google Play Store. When a user downloads your app, the Google Play Store will automatically install the most relevant APK for their device. For more information about publishing multiple APK files, see Android Developer documentation on Publishing Multiple APKs and Google Play Store APK filtering.

When building an APK that targets OpenGL ES 2, you can use ETC1 texture compression.

The Texture compression format for OpenGL ES2-targeted APK can be ETC1. Unity can use ETC1 for Textures with Alpha, provided they are placed on an Atlas (by specifying the packing tag) and the buildThe process of compiling your project into a format that is ready to run on a specific platform or platforms. More info
See in Glossary
is for Android. You can opt in for this by setting the “Compress using ETC1” checkbox for the Texture. Under the hood Unity will split the resulting atlas into two Textures, each without alpha and then combine them in the final parts of the render-pipeline.

If you absolutely want to store an alpha channel in a Texture, RGBA16 bit is the compression format supported by all hardware vendors.


  • 2017–09–18 Page amended with editorial review

  • Updated feature in Unity 2017.1

  • Crunch compression format updated in Unity 2017.3

Did you find this page useful? Please give it a rating:

Android Player Settings
Gradle for Android