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Player settings for Standalone platforms

This page details the Player settings specific to standalone platforms (Mac OSX, Windows and Linux). For a description of the general Player settings, see Player SettingsSettings that let you set various player-specific options for the final game built by Unity. More info
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.

Standalone Mac Player settings
Standalone Mac Player settings

You can find documentation for the properties in the following sections:

Icon

Enable the Override for Standalone setting to assign a custom icon for your standalone game. You can upload different sizes of the icon to fit each of the squares provided.

Icon settings for the Standalone Player platforms
Icon settings for the Standalone Player platforms

Resolution and Presentation

Use the Resolution and Presentation section to customize aspects of the screen’s appearance in the Resolution and Standalone Player Options sections.

Resolution section

This section allows you to customize the screen mode and default size.

Resolution section for the Standalone Player platforms
Resolution section for the Standalone Player platforms
Property Function
Fullscreen Mode Choose the full-screen mode. This defines the default window mode at startup.
Fullscreen Window Set your app window to the full-screen native resolution of the display. Unity renders app content at the resolution set by script (or by user selection when the built application launches), but scales it to fill the window. When scaling, Unity adds black bars to the rendered output to match the aspect ratioThe relationship of an image’s proportional dimensions, such as its width and height.
See in Glossary
chosen in the Player settings, so that the content isn’t stretched. This process is called letterboxing.
Exclusive Fullscreen (Windows only) Set your app to maintain sole full-screen use of a display. Unlike Fullscreen Window, this mode changes the OS resolution of the display to match the app’s chosen resolution. This option is only supported on Windows; on other platforms, the setting falls back to Fullscreen Window.
Maximized Window (Mac only) Set the app window to the operating system’s definition of “maximized”. On macOS, this means a full-screen window with an auto-hidden menu bar and dock. This option is only supported on macOS; on other platforms, the setting falls back to Fullscreen Window.
Windowed Set your app to a standard, non-full-screen, movable window, the size of which is dependent on the app resolution. In this mode, the window is resizable by default. To disable this, disable the Resizable Window setting.
Default Is Native Resolution Enable this option to make the game use the default resolution used on the target machine. This option is not available if the Fullscreen Mode is set to Windowed.
Default Screen Width Set the default width of the game screen in pixelsThe smallest unit in a computer image. Pixel size depends on your screen resolution. Pixel lighting is calculated at every screen pixel. More info
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. This option is only available if the Fullscreen Mode is set to Windowed.
Default Screen Height Set the default height of the game screen in pixels. This option is only available if the Fullscreen Mode is set to Windowed.
Mac Retina Support Enable this option to enable support for high DPI (Retina) screens on a Mac. Unity enables this by default. This enhances Projects on a Retina display, but it is somewhat resource-intensive when active.
Run In background Enable this option to make the game keep running (rather than pausing) if the app loses focus.

Standalone Player Options section

This section allows you to customize how the user can customize the screen. For example, here you can set up a startup dialog to allow the user to set their screen resolution from a list of aspect ratios that you provide. You can also determine whether the user can resize the screen and how many instances can run concurrently.

Standalone Player Options settings for the Standalone Player platforms
Standalone Player Options settings for the Standalone Player platforms
Property Function
Capture Single Screen Enable this option to ensure standalone games in Fullscreen Mode do not darken the secondary monitor in multi-monitor setups. This is not supported on Mac OS X.
Display Resolution Dialog See Customizing your Resolution Dialog for details.
Use Player Log Enable this option to write a log file with debugging information. Defaults to enabled.
Warning: If you plan to submit your application to the Mac App Store, leave this option disabled. For more information, see Publishing to the Mac App Store.
Resizable Window Enable this option to allow the user to resize the standalone player window.
Note: If you disable this option, your application can’t use the Windowed Fullscreen Mode.
Visible in Background Enable this option to show the application in the background if Windowed Fullscreen Mode is used (in Windows).
Allow Fullscreen Switch Enable this option to allow default OS full-screen key presses to toggle between full-screen and windowed modes.
Force Single Instance Enable this option to restrict standalone players to a single concurrent running instance.
Supported Aspect Ratios Enable each aspect ratio that you want to appear in the Resolution Dialog at startup (as long as they are supported by the user’s monitor).

Creating a Resolution Dialog on Startup

If you want to let the user choose the screen resolution to run the game in, you can create a dialog window that appears when your game launches.

Choose one of these values from the Display Resolution Dialog dropdown menu:

Value Description
Disabled Don’t show the dialog at startup.
Enabled Display a dialog asking the user to choose the screen resolution at startup.
Hidden by Default Display a dialog asking the user to choose the screen resolution only if the user holds down the Alt key at startup.

In addition, you can add a custom banner image to display on the dialog window. Expand the Splash Image section and set a reference to the image you want to use in the Application Config Dialog Banner property. The maximum image size is 432 x 163 pixels. The image does not scale up to fit the screen selector: Unity centers and crops it automatically.

The Resolution Dialog, presented to end-users
The Resolution Dialog, presented to end-users

Splash Image

Above the common Splash Screen settings, the Player Settings settings allow you to specify splash images for standalone platforms.

Splash Image Player settings for Standalone platforms
Splash Image Player settings for Standalone platforms
Property Function
Application Config Dialog Banner Select a custom splash image to appear on the resolution startup dialog window. For more information, see Creating a Resolution Dialog on Startup.
Virtual Reality Splash Image Select a custom splash image to be displayed in Virtual RealityA system that immerses users in an artificial 3D world of realistic images and sounds, using a headset and motion tracking. More info
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displays.

Other Settings

This section allows you to customize a range of options organized into the following groups:

Rendering

Use these settings to customize how Unity renders your game for Standalone platforms.

Rendering Player settings for Standalone platforms
Rendering Player settings for Standalone platforms
Property Function
Color Space Choose which color space should be used for rendering: Gamma or Linear.
See the Linear rendering overview for an explanation of the difference between the two.
Auto Graphics API for Windows Enable this option to use the best Graphics API on the Windows machine the game is running on. Disable it to add and remove supported Graphics APIs.
Auto Graphics API for Mac Enable this option to use the best Graphics API on the Mac the game is running on. Disable it to add and remove supported Graphics APIs.
Auto Graphics API for Linux Enable this option to use the best Graphics API on the Linux machine it runs on. Disable it to add and remove supported Graphics APIs.
Color Gamut for Mac You can add or remove color gamuts for the Standalone Mac platforms to use for rendering. Click the plus (+) icon to see a list of available gamuts. A color gamut defines a possible range of colors available for a given device (such as a monitor or screen). The sRGB gamut is the default (and required) gamut.
Metal Editor Support Enable this option to use the Metal API in the Unity Editor and unlock faster ShaderA small script that contains the mathematical calculations and algorithms for calculating the Color of each pixel rendered, based on the lighting input and the Material configuration. More info
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iteration for targeting the Metal API.
Metal API Validation Enable this option when you need to debug Shader issues.
Note: Validation increases CPU usage, so use it only for debugging.
Metal Write-Only Backbuffer Allow improved performance in non-default device orientation. This sets the frameBufferOnly flag on the back buffer, which prevents readback from the back buffer but enables some driver optimization.
Memoryless Depth Choose when to use memoryless render textures. Memoryless render textures are temporarily stored in the on-tile memory when rendered, not in CPU or GPU memory. This reduces memory usage of your app but you cannot read or write to these render textures.
Note: Memoryless render textures are only supported on iOS, tvOS 10.0+ Metal and Vulkan. Render textures are read/write protected and stored in CPU or GPU memory on other platforms.
Unused Never use memoryless framebuffer depth.
Forced Always use memoryless framebuffer depth.
Automatic Let Unity decide when to use memoryless framebuffer depth.
Static BatchingA technique Unity uses to draw GameObjects on the screen that combines static (non-moving) GameObjects into big Meshes, and renders them in a faster way. More info
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Enable this option to use Static batching.
Dynamic BatchingAn automatic Unity process which attempts to render multiple meshes as if they were a single mesh for optimized graphics performance. The technique transforms all of the GameObject vertices on the CPU and groups many similar vertices together. More info
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Enable this option to use Dynamic Batching on your build (enabled by default).
Note: Dynamic batching has no effect when a Scriptable Render Pipeline is active, so this setting is only visible when nothing is set in the Scriptable Render Pipeline Asset Graphics setting.
GPU Skinning Enable this option to enable DX11/ES3 GPU skinningThe process of binding bone joints to the vertices of a character’s mesh or ‘skin’. Performed with an external tool, such as Blender or Autodesk Maya. More info
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.
Graphics Jobs (Experimental) Enable this option to instruct Unity to offload graphics tasks (render loops) to worker threads running on other CPU cores. This is intended to reduce the time spent in Camera.Render on the main thread, which is often a bottleneck.
Note: This feature is experimental. It may not deliver a performance improvement for your project, and may introduce new crashes.
Lightmap Encoding Choose Normal Quality or High Quality to set the lightmap encoding. This setting affects the encoding scheme and compressionA method of storing data that reduces the amount of storage space it requires. See Texture Compression3D Graphics hardware requires Textures to be compressed in specialised formats which are optimised for fast Texture sampling. More info
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, Animation CompressionThe method of compressing animation data to significantly reduce file sizes without causing a noticable reduction in motion quality. Animation compression is a trade off between saving on memory and image quality. More info
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, Audio Compression, Build Compression.
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format of the lightmapsA pre-rendered texture that contains the effects of light sources on static objects in the scene. Lightmaps are overlaid on top of scene geometry to create the effect of lighting. More info
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.
Lightmap Streaming Enabled Enable this option to load only the lightmap mip maps as needed to render the current game Cameras. This value applies to the lightmap textures as they are generated.
Note: To use this setting, you must enable the Texture Streaming Quality setting.
Streaming Priority Set the lightmap mip map streaming priority to resolve resource conflicts. These values are applied to the light map textures as they are generated.
Positive numbers give higher priority. Valid values range from –128 to 127.

Vulkan Settings

Enable the SRGB Write Mode option to allow Graphics.SetSRGBWrite() on Vulkan renderer to toggle the sRGB write mode during the frame.

Vulkan Player settings for Standalone platforms
Vulkan Player settings for Standalone platforms

Note: Enabling this feature may reduce performance, especially for tiled GPUs.

Mac App Store Options

Mac App Store Options
Mac App Store Options

For details on setting these options, see Delivering your application to the Mac App Store.

Publishing to the Mac App Store

The Use Player Log property enables writing a log file with debugging information. This is useful for investigating problems with your game. However you need to disable this when publishing games for Apple’s Mac App Store, as Apple may reject your submission if it is enabled. See the Unity Manual Log Files page for further information about log files.

The Use Mac App Store Validation property enables receipt validation for the Mac App Store. If enabled, your game only runs when it contains a valid receipt from the Mac App Store. Use this when submitting games to Apple for publishing on the App Store. This prevents people from running the game on a different computer to the one it was purchased on.

Note that this feature does not implement any strong copy protection. In particular, any potential crack against one Unity game would work against any other Unity content. For this reason, it is recommended that you implement your own receipt validation code on top of this, using Unity’s plugin feature. However, since Apple requires plugin validation to initially happen before showing the screen setup dialog, you should still enable this property to avoid Apple rejecting your submission.

Configuration

Configuration settings for Standalone Player platforms
Configuration settings for Standalone Player platforms
Setting Function
Scripting Runtime Version Choose which .NET implementation to use in your project. For more details about .NET Runtimes, see Microsoft’s .NET documentation.
.NET 3.5 Equivalent (Deprecated) A .NET runtime which implements the .NET 3.5 API. This functionality is deprecated, and should no longer be used. Please use .NET 4.
.NET 4.x Equivalent A .NET runtime that implements the .NET 4 API. This API is newer than .NET 3.5, and as such, it offers access to more APIs, is compatible with more external libraries, and supports C# 6. This is the default scripting runtime.
Scripting BackendA framework that powers scripting in Unity. Unity supports three different scripting backends depending on target platform: Mono, .NET and IL2CPP. Universal Windows Platform, however, supports only two: .NET and IL2CPP. More info
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Choose the scripting backend you want to use. The scripting backend determines how Unity compiles and executes C# code in your Project.
Mono Compiles C# code into .NET Common Intermediate Language (CIL) and executes that CIL using a Common Language Runtime. See the Mono Project website for more information.
IL2CPP Compiles C# code into CIL, converts the CIL to C++ and then compiles that C++ into native machine code, which executes directly at run time. See IL2CPPA Unity-developed scripting back-end which you can use as an alternative to Mono when building Projects for some platforms. More info
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for more information.
API Compatibility Level Choose which .NET APIs you can use in your project. This setting can affect compatibility with 3rd-party libraries.
Tip: If you are having problems with a third-party assembly, you can try the suggestion in the API Compatibility Level section below.
.Net 2.0 .Net 2.0 libraries. Maximum .net compatibility, biggest file sizes. Part of the deprecated .NET 3.5 runtime.
.Net 2.0 Subset Subset of full .net compatibility, smaller file sizes. Part of the deprecated .NET 3.5 runtime.
.Net Standard 2.0 Compatible with .NET Standard 2.0. Produces smaller builds and has full cross-platform support.
.Net 4.x Compatible with the .NET Framework 4 (which includes everything in the .NET Standard 2.0 profile as well as additional APIs). Choose this option when usng libraries that access APIs not included in .NET Standard 2.0. Produces larger builds and any additional APIs available are not necessarily supported on all platforms. See Referencing additional class library assemblies for more information.
C++ Compiler Configuration Choose the C++ compiler configuration used when compiling IL2CPP generated code.
Note: This property is disabled unless Scripting Backend is set to IL2CPP.
Disable HW Statistics Enable this option to instruct the application not to send information about the hardware to Unity. By default, Unity Android applications send anonymous HW statistics to Unity. This provides you with aggregated information to help you make decisions as a developer. See Unity Hardware Statistics for more details
Scripting Define Symbols Set custom compilation flags. For more details, see Platform dependent compilation.
Allow ‘unsafe’ Code Enable support for compiling ‘unsafe’ C# code in a pre-defined assembly (for example, Assembly-CSharp.dll).
For Assembly Definition Files (.asmdef), click on one of your .asmdef files and enable the option in the Inspector window that appears.
Active Input Handling Choose how you want to handle input from users.
Input Manager Use the traditional Input settings.
Input System (Preview) Use the newer Input system. The Input System is under development. To try an early preview of the Input System, install the InputSystem package. If you select the Input System (Preview) option without having that package installed, nothing happens except for some extra processing.
Both Use both systems side by side.

API Compatibility Level

You can choose your mono API compatibility level for all targets. Sometimes a 3rd-party .NET library uses functionality that is outside of your .NET compatibility level. In order to understand what is going on in such cases, and how to best fix it, try following these suggestions:

  1. Install Reflector for Windows.
  2. Drag the .NET assemblies for the API compatilibity level you are having issues with into Reflector. You can find these under Frameworks/Mono/lib/mono/YOURSUBSET/.
  3. Drag in your 3rd-party assembly.
  4. Right-click your 3rd-party assembly and select Analyze.
  5. In the analysis report, inspect the Depends on section. The report highlights anything that the 3rd-party assembly depends on, but that is not available in the .NET compatibility level of your choice in red.

Optimization

Optimization settings for Standalone Player platforms
Optimization settings for Standalone Player platforms
Property Function
Prebake Collision Meshes Enable this option to add collisionA collision occurs when the physics engine detects that the colliders of two GameObjects make contact or overlap, when at least one has a rigidbody component and is in motion. More info
See in Glossary
data to Meshes at build time.
Keep Loaded Shaders Alive Enable this option to prevent shaders from being unloaded.
Preloaded Assets Set an array of Assets for the player to load on startup.
To add new Assets, increase the value of the Size property and then set a reference to the Asset to load in the new Element box that appears.
Strip Engine Code (IL2CPP only) Specify whether the Unity Linker tool removes code for Unity Engine features that your Project does not use.
Managed Stripping Level Defines how aggressively Unity strips unused managed (C#) code.
When Unity builds your game or application, the Unity Linker process can strip unused code from the managed dynamically linked libraries used in the project. Stripping code can make the resulting executable significantly smaller, but can sometimes mistakenly remove code that is actually used. This setting allows you to choose how aggressively Unity should remove unused code.
Disabled (Mono only) Do not strip any code. (Managed code stripping is always enabled when using IL2CPP.)
Normal Remove unreachable managed code to reduce build size and Mono/IL2CPP build times.
Aggressive (Experimental) Remove code more aggressively than under the Normal option. Code size is further reduced, but this additional reduction may have side effects. For example, some methods may no longer be visible in the debugger and code accessed through reflection can be stripped. You can create a custom link.xml file to preserve specific classes and methods. See Managed bytecode stripping with IL2CPP for more information.
Enable Internal profilerA window that helps you to optimize your game. It shows how much time is spent in the various areas of your game. For example, it can report the percentage of time spent rendering, animating or in your game logic. More info
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(Deprecated)
Enable this option to get the profiler data from your device in the Android SDK’s adblogcat output while testing your projects. This is only available in development buildsA development build includes debug symbols and enables the Profiler. More info
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.
Script Call Optimization Choose how to optionally disable exception handling for a speed boost at runtime. See iOS Optimization for details.
Slow and Safe Use full exception handling (with some performance impact on the device when using the Mono scripting backend).
Fast but no Exceptions No data provided for exceptions on the device (the game runs faster when using the Mono scripting backend).
Note: Using this option with the IL2CPP Scripting Backend does not impact performance; however, using it can avoid undefined behavior on release builds.
Vertex Compression Set vertex compression per channel. For example, you can enable compression for everything except positions and lightmap UVs. Whole MeshThe main graphics primitive of Unity. Meshes make up a large part of your 3D worlds. Unity supports triangulated or Quadrangulated polygon meshes. Nurbs, Nurms, Subdiv surfaces must be converted to polygons. More info
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compression set per imported object overrides where vertex compression is set on objects. Everything else obeys these vertex compression settings.
Optimize Mesh Data Enable this option to remove any data from Meshes that is not required by the Material applied to them (such as tangents, normals, colors, and UVs).

Logging

Select what type of logging to allow in specific contexts.

Logging settings for Standalone Player platforms
Logging settings for Standalone Player platforms

Check one box that corresponds to each Log Type (Error, Assert, Warning, Log, and Exception) when running scriptsA piece of code that allows you to create your own Components, trigger game events, modify Component properties over time and respond to user input in any way you like. More info
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(ScriptOnly) , all the time (Full), or never (None).

Legacy

Enable the Clamp BlendShapes (Deprecated) option to clamp the range of Blend Shape weights in SkinnedMeshRenderers.

Legacy settings for Standalone Player platforms
Legacy settings for Standalone Player platforms

XR Settings

XR Settings for the Standalone Player
XR Settings for the Standalone Player
Property: Function:
Virtual Reality Supported Enable native VR support for the Unity Editor and your game builds.
Virtual Reality SDKs Add and remove Virtual Reality SDKs from the list. This list is only available available when the Virtual Reality Supported is enabled.
To add an SDK to the list, click the plus (+) button.
To remove an SDK from the list, select it and then click the minus (-) button.
Some of the SDKs provide extra settings that appear here. For details, see XR SDKs.
Stereo Rendering Mode Choose how you want to render for a virtual reality device.
Multi Pass This is the normal rendering modeA Standard Shader Material parameter that allows you to choose whether the object uses transparency, and if so, which type of blending mode to use. More info
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. Unity renders the SceneA Scene contains the environments and menus of your game. Think of each unique Scene file as a unique level. In each Scene, you place your environments, obstacles, and decorations, essentially designing and building your game in pieces. More info
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twice: first to render the left-eye image; and then again for the right-eye image.
Single Pass Render both eye images at the same time into one packed Render TextureA special type of Texture that is created and updated at runtime. To use them, first create a new Render Texture and designate one of your Cameras to render into it. Then you can use the Render Texture in a Material just like a regular Texture. More info
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. This means that the whole Scene is only rendered once, which significantly reduces CPU processing time.
Single Pass Instanced (Preview) The GPU performs a single render pass, replacing each draw call with an instanced draw call. This heavily decreases CPU use, and slightly decreases GPU use, due to the cache coherency between the two draw calls. Using this mode significantly reduces the power consumption of your application.
Vuforia Augmented Reality Supported Enable this option to use Vuforia Augmented Reality SDK, which is required when using the Vuforia Virtual Reality SDK.
360 Stereo Capture Enable this option to use 360 capture-enabled shader variants. By default, this option is disabled and Unity does not generate these shader variants.

XR Support Installers

XR Settings for the Standalone Player
XR Settings for the Standalone Player

You can click the Vuforia Augmented Reality link to enable the Vuforia Software Development Kit. You must have a Vuforia Software License and agree to the terms of that license before the Vuforia Augmented Reality Supported property is enabled.



  • 2018–10–07  Page amended with limited editorial review

  • 2017–09–04 > Added MacOS Retina Support checkbox Added in 2017.2 NewIn20171

  • Allow ‘unsafe’ Code checkbox added in Unity 2018.1 NewIn20181

  • .NET 4.x runtime added in 2018.1

  • Updated for United Settings, .Net 3.5 scripting runtime deprecated in Unity 2018.3 NewIn20183

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