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Using Animation Events

You can increase the usefulness of Animation clipsAnimation data that can be used for animated characters or simple animations. It is a simple “unit” piece of motion, such as (one specific instance of) “Idle”, “Walk” or “Run”. More info
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by using Animation Events, which allow you to call functions in the object’s script at specified points in the timelineGeneric term within Unity that refers to all features, windows, editors, and components related to creating, modifying, or reusing cut-scenes, cinematics, and game-play sequences. More info
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.

The function called by an Animation Event also has the option to take one parameter. The parameter can be a float, string, int, or object reference, or an AnimationEvent object. The AnimationEvent object has member variables that allow a float, string, integer and object reference to be passed into the function all at once, along with other information about the Event that triggered the function call.

// This C# function can be called by an Animation Event
public void PrintFloat (float theValue) {
    Debug.Log ("PrintFloat is called with a value of " + theValue);
}

To add an Animation Event to a clip at the current playhead position, click the Event button. To add an Animation event to any point in the Animation. double-click the Event line at the point where you want the Event to be triggered. Once added, you can drag the mouse to reposition the Event. To delete an Event, select it and press the Delete key, or right-click on it and select Delete Event.

Animation Events are shown in the Event Line. Add a new <span class=Animation EventAllows you to add data to an imported clip which determines when certain actions should occur in time with the animation. For example, for an animated character you might want to add events to walk and run cycles to indicate when the footstep sounds should play. More info<span class="tooltipGlossaryLink">See in Glossary</span> by double-clicking the Event Line or by using the Event button.">
Animation Events are shown in the Event Line. Add a new Animation EventAllows you to add data to an imported clip which determines when certain actions should occur in time with the animation. For example, for an animated character you might want to add events to walk and run cycles to indicate when the footstep sounds should play. More info
See in Glossary
by double-clicking the Event Line or by using the Event button.

When you add an Event, the InspectorA Unity window that displays information about the currently selected GameObject, Asset or Project Settings, alowing you to inspect and edit the values. More info
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Window displays several fields. These fields allow you to specify the name of the function you want to call, and the value of the parameter you want to pass to it.

The Animation Event Inspector Window
The Animation Event Inspector Window

The Events added to a clip are shown as markers in the Event line. Hold the mouse over a marker to show a tooltip with the function name and parameter value.

You can select and manipulate multiple Events in the timeline.

To select multiple Events in the timeline, hold the Shift key and select Event markers one by one to add them to your selection. You can also drag a selection box across them; click and drag within the Event marker area, like this:

Example

This example demonstrates how to add Animation Events to a simple GameObject. When all the steps are followed, the Cube animates forwards and backwards along the x-axis during Play mode, and the Event message is displayed in the console every 1 second at the 0.8 second time.

The example requires a small script with the function PrintEvent(). This function prints a debug message which includes a string (“called at:”) and the time:

// This C# function can be called by an Animation Event
using UnityEngine;
using System.Collections;


public class ExampleClass : MonoBehaviour {
    public void PrintEvent(string s) {
        Debug.Log("PrintEvent: " + s + " called at: " + Time.time);
    }
}

Create a script file with this example code and place it in your Project folder (right-click inside the Project window in Unity and select Create > C# Script, then copy and paste the above code example into the file and save it).

In Unity, create a Cube GameObject (menu: GameObjectThe fundamental object in Unity scenes, which can represent characters, props, scenery, cameras, waypoints, and more. A GameObject’s functionality is defined by the Components attached to it. More info
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> 3D ObjectA 3D GameObject such as a cube, terrain or ragdoll. More info
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> Cube). To add your new script file to it, drag and drop it from the Project window into the Inspector window.

Select the Cube and then open the Animation window (menu: Window > AnimationA collection of images that create a moving image when played sequentially. In Unity, an animation is the result of adding two different animation keys, at two different times, for the same animatable property. More info
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). Set a Position curve for the x coordinate.

Animation window
Animation window

Next, set the animation for the x coordinate to increase to around 0.4 and then back to zero over 1 second, then create an Animation Event at approximately 0.8 seconds. Press Play to run the animation.

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Objects with Multiple Moving Parts
Animator Controllers